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Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District (MWCD) Background - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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By: David G. Lautenschleger, P.S., GISP Surveying and Facilities GIS Coordinator Advisor: Joseph A. Bishop, PhD.

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Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District (MWCD) Background

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By: David G. Lautenschleger, P.S., GISP Surveying and Facilities GIS Coordinator

Advisor: Joseph A. Bishop, PhD

Utilities Focused Asset Management & Mapping for ParksPenn State University - Masters in GIS Capstone Project
muskingum watershed conservancy district mwcd background
Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District (MWCD) Background

Largest watershed in Ohio (8,000 sq. miles / 20% of state)

Established in 1933 for flood control after the Great Flood of 1913, Ohio's greatest natural disaster with nearly 500 deaths

System of 16 dams and reservoirs

Provided Public's Works projects during depression

$8 Billion in flood damage prevented

Park system started in 1960's


Atwood Lake Park

  • Charles Mill Lake Park
  • Pleasant Hill Lake Park
  • Seneca Lake Park
  • Tappan Lake Park
what is the problem
What is the problem?

Parks are over 50 years old and have endured a variety of modifications

Unknown utility locations

Excavations can lead to “surprises”

Poor record keeping - Information in variety of formats and locations

Interruption of utility service

Unhappy campers

Unsafe conditions to construction crews


avoid expensive excavation simple projects turn into big problems
Avoid Expensive ExcavationSimple projects turn into BIG problems!

Lack of utility knowledge creates additional expenses for future projects

employee safety and utility interruption
Employee safety and Utility interruption

  • Develop a system in which multiple departments can easily access utility data
  • Maintain data in one location and make available to all staff via the Internet
  • Increase the amount of sharing of data district-wide
  • Once the advantages of GIS are realized, a more sharing and open philosophy will be adopted
  • Increase efficiency for Utilities and Construction Crews
  • Make the information not typically available to field staff by implementing tablets/handheld GPS units, allowing problems to be resolved faster and generating a self- sufficient environment
current location methods
Current Location Methods

Utility Locator (metal only)

Utility Camera

Ohio Utilities Protection Service (OUPS) Not for private utilities

Walk project – compare and measure to existing structures

existing data
Existing Data

Historical data: hand drawings on linens and mylar (1960's-1980's)

CAD design files from expansions (1980's- present)

Misc. field survey data from in-house survey (2001)

Existing in-house CAD engineering drawings

Institutional knowledge - MEMORY

where is the data
Where is the data?

MWCD Engineering Department has majority of plans at Main Office in New Philadelphia, Ohio

Conservation Department has limited amount of plans from easements and projects not directly affecting parks

Parks keep miscellaneous maps and notes in Maintenance buildings

Additional data stored in off-site location

how to get into gis
How to get into GIS?

Scan historical drawings and aerials

Georeference & digitize historical data

Georeference past projects and surveys created during construction projects


field survey of the current conditions
Field survey of the current conditions

Locate ALL utility components



Water valves/boxes

Electrical boxes

Power Poles


field survey environment
Field survey environment

4 Day work week: 10 hr. days: Monday-Thursday to minimize disruption to visitors

Signage and safety gear (vests, cones)

Communication with Park Manager & Park Rangers

field survey qc qa
Field survey - QC/QA

Walk-through of entire project by surveyor with field collected data

Walk-through of first set of deliverables by MWCD staff

Video of area provided for additional checks from office

horizontal and vertical survey control
Horizontal and Vertical Survey Control


Use standardized local system

Ohio State Plane System – North Zone (NAD83 US Survey Feet-FIPS 3401)

Elevation Datum (NGVD29)

Well monumented for future use

permanent monumentation
Permanent Monumentation

All future surveys to utilize new control monuments on Ohio State Plane Coordinate System

10” Diameter by 42” deep with aluminum cap and witness post. 12 placed throughout campground

develop database standards and schema review with end users
Develop Database Standards and SchemaReview with end-users
  • Engineering
  • Water/Waste-water maintenance
  • Park Managers
  • Park Maintenance staff
  • Recreation Management

Database Standards and domains for consistency

Database also to include method of data collection for each entity to determine level of “trust” for each actual location. i.e. Survey Grade, Aerial, CAD, Handheld GPS, Scanned Document, etc.

end users office staff
End Users - Office Staff

ArcGIS Desktop for Survey / GIS staff for updates and maintenance

ArcGIS ONLINE for non-technical staff in Recreation and Conservation Departments

Embed in MWCD website for construction updates

Create web applications for MWCD staff as needed

end users field staff
End Users - Field Staff

Smart Phone (Android or iOS)

Mobile options for quick reference of utility locations

Handheld GPS (Trimble GeoExplorer or Juno) with ArcPAD


Survey crew to stake-out locations prior to excavation similar to Ohio Utilities Protection Service (OUPS)

future maintenance
Future Maintenance

Future projects and utility installs documented

Work-flow document be created

Utility planning (Project Engineer)

Construction (Const. & Utility Crews)

As-built survey (Survey Technician)

GIS updates (GIS Specialist)

MWCD Engineering Dept. consists of Survey and GIS staff to fulfill this need

benefits of gis in park management
Benefits of GIS in Park Management

Limit duplication of data capture and maintenance

Consistency with multiple parks

Education/transfer of knowledge

Managing Facilities with current information

lessons learned
Lessons Learned

Consultant Communication: Survey staff needs to have understanding of final product

Internal Communication: Maintain constant communication with end-users (primarily park staff)

Project Schedule: Perform fieldwork in off season with less traffic and obstructions

presentation information
Presentation Information

2014 Ohio Parks and Recreation Association (OPRA) Conference and Trade Show

Kalahari Conference Center

Sandusky, Ohio

February 2-5, 2014



Buckley, A. (2012 Summer) Designing Great Web Maps. ArcUser, vol. 15, p.50

Jenkins, H. (1976) A Valley Renewed, The History of the Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District. The Kent State University Press

Saine, A. (2012, Fall)Town Sharpens Proactive Sewer System Management.ArcNews, vol. 34, p. 37

Internal MWCD documents

Burke, T. (2000) Needs Assessment and Feasibility Study for Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District, Peak Geo-Design, Inc.

Schreiner, B. 1997-2004 GIS Group files, former Docks and Marinas Coordinator – MWCD, Retired 2011.


Diethorn, B. (2005) Coordinating National Park Management with GIS. Retrieved Sept. 2, 2013 from

Turner, T. (2008-9) Mapping and Managing Potable Water Infrastructure Assets.ArcNews Retrieved Oct. 15, 2013 from

Minami, M. (2011) ARCGIS ONLINES VS ARCGIS EXPLORER ONLINE, ArcGIS Resources Retrieved Nov. 18, 2013 from

Mayo, M. (n.d.) Enhancing Water Department Efficiency - Using GIS and GPS to produce quality maps of rural water system features. ArcUser Retrieved Oct. 15, 2013 from

Hamil, D. (n.d.) Your Mission, Should You Choose To Accept It: Project Management Excellence.GeoCommunity Retrieved Oct. 15, 2013 from

Projects 2009 - GPS/GIS Asset InventoryChippewa Subdistrict – Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District Retrieved Oct. 10, 2013 from

GIS Program – Role & Function. National Park Service – U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved Oct. 10, 2013 from


Joseph Bishop, PhD, PSU Advisor

Beth King, PSU Assistant Program Manager

Boris Slogar, P.E., M.P.M., MWCD Chief Engineer

Doug Little, P.E., Project Engineer

Michael Kobilarcsik, MWCD Survey Technician

Jeremy Hoffer, MWCD Tappan Lake Park Manager

Mary Burley, MWCD Human Resources

Bodo & Associates, Inc., Surveying & Mapping

and of course, an extremely patient family