english iii unit 5 n.
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English III- Unit 5. Modern short stories . Stream of Consciousness: Psychological theory of time. Sigmund Freud- sought unconscious causes of people’s behavior Stream of consciousness became a new literary technique used

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stream of consciousness psychological theory of time
Stream of Consciousness: Psychological theory of time
  • Sigmund Freud- sought unconscious causes of people’s behavior
  • Stream of consciousness became a new literary technique used
  • Thought was a constant stream flowing through the minds without clear logic or order
writers who use this
Writers who use this:
  • James Joyce
  • Virginia Woolf
  • William Faulkner
  • Katherine Anne Porter
method of narration story
Method of narration (story):
  • Certain memories trigger seemingly random thoughts
  • Include following elements:
    • First-person point of view
    • Lack of conventional sentence structure or grammar
    • “free association” that flow through a character’s mind and link distinctly separate events
    • Interior monologues
interior world
Interior World:
  • Reaction against formulaic, plot-driven stories (beginning, middle, end without much change = boring!)
  • Started to include surprise endings
  • “Artful approach to the significant moment” (O’Connor)
interior world1
Interior World:
  • Introduction of epiphany (a moment of revelation)
  • James Joyce with “Dubliners”- one credited with the idea
  • Anton Chekhov (Russian)- he brought Americans realistic details and understatements (de-emphasis on the importance of something or someone)
  • “Slice of life”- anecdotes
    • Lacked external conflicts, action-packed events, and clear climaxes
    • Instead, drama rages inside characters mind
interior world2
Interior World:
  • Protagonists were antiheroes
    • Conflicted characters engulfed by indecision
  • Language- subtle and poetic
    • You have to figure out what the writers is trying to say
features of the modern short story
Features of the modern short story:
  • Unspectacular, or everyday settings
  • Themes of instability and loss
  • Plots without a clear climax or resolution
  • Understatement
  • Irony
  • Stream of consciousness
  • Antiheroes