Dr. Anil Kumar Singh Sr. Scientist (Agronomy) ICAR RCER Patna - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Dr. Anil Kumar Singh Sr. Scientist (Agronomy) ICAR RCER Patna
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Dr. Anil Kumar Singh Sr. Scientist (Agronomy) ICAR RCER Patna

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  1. Pulses production Efficient management practices for achieving higher productivity Dr. Anil Kumar Singh Sr. Scientist (Agronomy) ICAR RCER Patna

  2. Bihar Agroclimatic Condition(Zone IV. Middle Gangatic Plain Region)

  3. Flood Affected Free from Flood Flood affected Bihar

  4. Drought Affected Free from Drought Drought affected area

  5. Probability of occurrence of drought

  6. Bihar at a glance

  7. < 40 % 41 - 60 61 - 85 Araria, E. Champaran, Darbhanga, Kishanganj, Madhubani, Muzaffarpur, Saharsa, Sitamarhi, Vaishali Gross irrigated area

  8. Wetland area in Bihar

  9. Some facts 90 % pulses 85 % oilseed Contributed by rainfed agriculture

  10. Some facts Energy value

  11. Some facts Demand and Supply

  12. ProductivityLevel

  13. ProductivityLevel

  14. Important pulse crop

  15. Constraints in production Climate and weather • Unfavourableweather conditions (Flood, drought, heat and cold wave) Problematic Soil • Abnormal soil conditions (Acid, saline and alkaline etc)

  16. Varietal constraints • Lack of high yielding varieties • Low harvest Index • High susceptibility to disease and insect pests • Flower and fruit drop

  17. Varietal constraints • Lack of short duration cultivar • Poor response to inputs • Indeterminate growth habits • Instability in performance

  18. Quality seed constraints • Poor quality seed • Inadequate availability of seeds • High price • Untimely supply

  19. Agronomic constraints • Improper sowing time • Low seed rate • Defective method of sowing • Inadequate interculture • Insufficient Irrigation • Sowing under Utera condition

  20. Seldom use of N fertilizers

  21. Neglected use of Bio fertilizers

  22. Plant protection constraints

  23. Inadequate extension services

  24. Training constraints • Socioeconomic constraints • Inadequate extension facilities

  25. Miscellaneous constraints • Lack of machinery • Losses during storage • Losses during processing

  26. Way to realize production potential • Role of high yielding varieties • Disease resistance • Pests resistances • Abiotic resistances

  27. Way to realize production potential • Role of high yielding varieties • Disease resistance • Pests resistances • Abiotic resistances

  28. Way to realize production potential • Catch cropping • Double cropping • Intercropping • Response to inputs

  29. Sequential cropping • Summer oilseed and pulses • Rabi pigeon pea • Summer mung bean + pigeon pea • Late sown chickpea in irrigated area • Pulses in rice fallow

  30. Intercropping System • Cereal+ pulse (Barley /Wheat + Lentil/ Gram • Oilseed+ pulse (Mustard /linseed + lentil/Gram • Pulse +pulse (Gram +Lentil Field pea) • Sugar cane +Pulse (moong/ urd)

  31. Non monetary Management • Choice of variety • Seed inoculation • Seed treatments • Sowing time

  32. Non monetary Management • Plant population • Plant protection • Cultural operation

  33. Biotic Stress of pulses

  34. Important disease pests • Wilt • Stem rot • Cankers • Leaf spot • Sterility Mosaic • YMV

  35. Important disease pests • Web blight • Cercosporaleaf spot • Root rot • Anthrocanose • Bacterial leaf spot

  36. Important disease pests • Mosaic Mottle • Ascochyta blight • Grey mould • Rust • Stunt • Tip necrossis • Powdery mildew

  37. Important Insect pests • Pod borer • Pod fly • Pod bug • Leaf binder and Webbers

  38. Important Insect pests • Jassid • White flies • Bihar Hairy caterpillar • Beetles • Cutworms

  39. Important Insect pests • Stem fly • Leaf min or • Leaf eating caterpillars • Aphids

  40. Important Insect pests • Painted bug • Mustard Sawfly • Linseed midge

  41. Agronomic Management • Optimum plant stand

  42. Agronomic Management • Water management

  43. Agronomic Management Weed management

  44. Agronomic Management Nutrient management

  45. Nutrient Management Major/ primary Nutrient • N • P • K

  46. Nutrient Management Secondary Nutrient • Ca • Mg • S

  47. Nutrient Management Micro Nutrients • Zn • Bo • Mo • Cu

  48. Use of Hormones IAA IBA Cytokines

  49. Input management Source Dose Time methods