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The Prophecies. Of Jeremiah. An Introduction. Jeremiah...The Man. Son of Hilkiah 1:1 cp. 2 Kings 22:4, 8 A priest 1:1 At first, unwilling to prophesy 1:6

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The Prophecies


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    2. An Introduction Jeremiah...The Man • Son of Hilkiah 1:1 cp. 2 Kings 22:4, 8 • A priest 1:1 • At first, unwilling to prophesy 1:6 • Afterwards, the Lord’s message became in him “a fire in his bones” 20:7-9

    3. Political An Introduction Jeremiah...The Times • Josiah is king when Jeremiah is called to prophesy 1:2 Ù627/26 B.C. • Jeremiah continues on through the reign of Zedekiah 1:3Ù586 B.C.

    4. An Introduction Jeremiah...The Times Political • Josiah = good king 2 Chron 34 • Jehoahaz = short rule Jer 22:11 • Jehoiakim = bad king Jer 26 • Jehoiachin = bad king 2 Kings 24 • Zedekiah = bad king 2 Chron 36:12

    5. Religious An Introduction Jeremiah...The Times • Though Josiah’s reforms were good, they left the people’s hearts virtually untouched 3:6-10 • The “post-Josiah” throne basically had a disdain for the word of God 22:21 36:23

    6. An Introduction Jeremiah...The Message • “Repent of sin” 7:3 18:11 • “Submit to Babylon” 27:1-12 • “Wait for the Lord to bless you by… • …bringing you back home” 30:3 31:12 • …the coming Messiah” 31:31-34 33:15 cp. Heb 8:8-13

    7. Jeremiah’s Call & God’s Case Against Israel Jer 1-6 • Jeremiah had always been in God’s plans 1:5 cp. Gal 1:15 • Yet, he was reluctant to serve 1:6 • God gave him “authority” over the nations through the words he would speak 1:10 cp. Jn 12:48 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    8. Jeremiah’s Call & God’s Case Against Israel Jer 1-6 • God reassures Jeremiah about his mission with 2 visions 1:11-16 • An almond tree - God is watching • A boiling pot - God will judge • Jeremiah must “gird his loins” and speak the Lord’s word 1:17 cp. Eph 6:10, 14 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    9. Jeremiah’s Call & God’s Case Against Israel Jer 1-6 • God likens Judah’s unfaithfulness to... • …an ox that broke its yoke 2:20 • …a persistent adulteress 2:20 • …a nurtured vine w/strange fruit 2:21 • …a stain that won’t wash out 2:22 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    10. Jeremiah’s Call & God’s Case Against Israel Jer 1-6 • God likens Judah’s unfaithfulness to... • …a camel that roams about 2:23 • …a donkey in heat that can’t be caught 2:24 • …a thief who is shamed only because he got caught 2:26 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    11. Jeremiah’s Call & God’s Case Against Israel Jer 1-6 • Judah was more treacherous than her faithless sister Israel 3:6-11 • This is why we are encouraged to study the O.T. cp. Rom 15:4 1 Cor 10:6-12 • Though Judah is guilty, God does promise her a glorious future 3:14-18 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    12. Jeremiah’s Call & God’s Case Against Israel Jer 1-6 • Yes…God had “deceived” the people 4:10 cp. 2 Thess 2:10-12 • However, God would not totally destroy Judah 4:27 • A remnant would be allowed to return The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    13. Jeremiah’s Call & God’s Case Against Israel Jer 1-6 • Jeremiah was challenged to find 1 righteous man 5:1 • Such a failure bears testimony of the people’s hardened condition 5:3 • Judah’s unfaithfulness was made worse by wicked priests 5:30-31 cp. 2 Tim 4:3-4 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    14. Jeremiah’s Call & God’s Case Against Israel Jer 1-6 • Jeremiah was constantly thwarted by false prophets 6:10-11, 14 • The people could no longer blush 6:15 • The only solution was to “seek the old path…and walk in it” 6:16 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    15. The Way Of SalvationJer 7-10 • The people had substituted “temple worship” for devotion to God 7:1-11 • Such thinking was “deceptive” vv. 4, 8 • Such living was “robbery” v. 11 • Shiloh offered an historical lesson 7:12-15 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    16. The Way Of SalvationJer 7-10 • Jeremiah was forbidden to pray for Judah 7:16 • Judah has been so detestable that only judgment would suffice 7:30 - 8:3 • Yet, Judah refused to repent 8:5-6 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    17. The Way Of SalvationJer 7-10 • Jeremiah was deeply saddened at Judah’s apostasy 8:18 - 9:2 • Judah “did not know” and thus was ripe for judgment 9:3 cp. 8:7 • Judah trusted in her “humanism” 9:23 cp. 1 Cor 1:18-25 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    18. The Way Of SalvationJer 7-10 • The only safe ground (“Way of Salvation”) is trust in God 9:24 • Idols are helpless 10:1-5 • By contrast, God is inherently powerful 10:6-10 • Judah must learn the “hard way” 10:17-25 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    19. Covenant Disloyalty & Its Consequences Jer 11-13 • Judah had broken her covenant with God 11:4-5 • She gave her word Deut 26:16-19 • Now, she stood condemned • Jehovah saw it as a “conspiracy” 11:9 • She must now suffer consequences 11:11-13 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    20. Covenant Disloyalty & Its Consequences Jer 11-13 • Jeremiah had personal concerns • His own life was in danger 11:18-23 • He was confused re: the prosperity of the wicked 12:1-2 • God would tell him, “The worst is yet to come!” 12:5-17 • Yet...mercy 12:15 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    21. Covenant Disloyalty & Its Consequences Jer 11-13 • Jehovah likened Judah to a “waistband” 13:1-11 • She had become ruined through pride 13:9 cp. Prov 16:18 • Jeremiah also applied to Judah a well-known proverb 13:12-14 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    22. Covenant Disloyalty & Its Consequences Jer 11-13 • Jehovah still sought Judah’s repentance 13:15-27 • She should have glorified God v. 16 • She will have no excuse for her calamities, the shame associated with her suffering vv. 20-23, 26 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    23. Revelation On Occasion Of Drought Jer 14-17 • Drought was the punishment for covenant breaking Deut 28:23f • Conditions were deplorable 14:1-6 • Despite Judah’s many sins, Jeremiah pleads for her 14:7-9 • God replies He will not forget her sins 14:10-11 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    24. Revelation On Occasion Of Drought Jer 14-17 • Jeremiah argues Judah’s worth, mentions false prophets 14:13 • God replies in 14:14-16 • Yes, false teachers will not escape v. 15 cp. 2 Pet 2:1-3, 4-9 • Neither will their hearers v. 16 cp. 2 Thess 2:9-12 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    25. Revelation On Occasion Of Drought Jer 14-17 • Jeremiah suffered in his work • He was despised 15:10 • He sought deliverance 15:15ff • His pain was “perpetual” 15:18 • Yet, God would not abandon him in his work 15:11, 19-21 cp. Heb 13:5b-6 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    26. Revelation On Occasion Of Drought Jer 14-17 • Judah would be assured of truths when her exile would be done • Idols are not gods at all 16:20 • Jehovah is God alone 16:21 • Judah must be punished because her sins were deeply engraved in her 17:1 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    27. Jeremiah’s Message In Symbols Jer 18-20 • 1st Symbol: A vessel being made at the potter’s house 18:1-17 • The potter is able to re-shape a “marred” or “spoiled” vessel v. 4 • So, too, can God remake us vv. 5-10 • The same idea is also presented in the N.T. Rom 9:14-24 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    28. Jeremiah’s Message In Symbols Jer 18-20 • 1st Symbol: A vessel being made at the potter’s house 18:1-17 • Judah responds with even more determined rebellion v. 12 • Judah’s faithlessness is compared to nature’s faithfulness vv. 13-14 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    29. Jeremiah’s Message In Symbols Jer 18-20 • 1st Symbol: A vessel being made at the potter’s house 18:1-17 • Judah will walk her own “way” & not on God’s path v. 15 cp. 6:16 • Jeremiah is again persecuted for proclaiming the Lord’s message 18:18-23 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    30. Jeremiah’s Message In Symbols Jer 18-20 • 2nd Symbol: A broken potter’s vessel 19:1-13 • Jeremiah was to proclaim the great calamities to come vv. 3-9 • Jeremiah was to break the vessel, foretelling Judah being “shattered” vv. 10-13 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    31. Comparing The 2 Symbols 1st Symbol 18:1-17 2nd Symbol 19:1-13 • Vessel was being re-shaped • Vessel could not be re-shaped • Already hardened • Soft; hadn’t yet hardened • Symbol pointed to God’s love, mercy, patience • Symbol pointed to God’s judgment, wrath • Symbol emphasized hope • Symbol emphasized hopelessness The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    32. Jeremiah’s Message In Symbols Jer 18-20 • Judah responds to Jeremiah’s symbolic preaching 19:14 - 20:6 • He was physically mistreated 20:2 • Pashhur will be judged for this 20:3-6 • Jeremiah responds to Judah’s response 20:7-18 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    33. Jeremiah’s Message In Symbols Jer 18-20 • Jeremiah responds to Judah’s response 20:7-18 • He felt God had deceived him v. 7 • He felt like quitting v. 9 • He felt abandoned v. 10 • He felt cursed vv. 14-15 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    34. Jeremiah’s Message In Symbols Jer 18-20 • Jeremiah responds to Judah’s response 20:7-18 • Yet, he also knew God was ultimately right and he would prevail because of his faith in Him 20:11-13 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    35. Jeremiah’s Message In Symbols Jer 18-20 • Jeremiah had to be reminded of what we sometimes forget: We shouldn’t focus on the physical things that beset us cp. Rom 8:16-18 2 Cor 4:16-18 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    36. Reign Of Jehoahaz Prophecies During Reigns Of Jehoahaz & Jehoiakim • God’s 4 duties for the king: 22:3 • Do justice, righteousness • Deliver the oppressed • Do not mistreat the downtrodden • Do not shed innocent blood The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    37. Reign Of Jehoahaz Prophecies During Reigns Of Jehoahaz & Jehoiakim • If the king obeys, God will allow the kingdom to remain 22:4 • If the king disobeys, David’s house would become a desolation 22:5 • God’s “2 natures” are illustrated cp. Rom 11:22 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    38. Reign Of Jehoahaz Prophecies During Reigns Of Jehoahaz & Jehoiakim • Judah’s “loftiness” will become a barren wilderness because she forsook her covenant 22:6, 8-9 • Jehoahaz would leave and never return 22:11-12 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    39. Reign Of Jehoiakim Prophecies During Reigns Of Jehoahaz & Jehoiakim • The king lived lavishly 22:13-14 • His father Josiah lived well also, but still obeyed God 22:15-16 • He will be judged for his corruption, and would not even be lamented 22:17-19 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    40. Reign Of Jehoiakim Prophecies During Reigns Of Jehoahaz & Jehoiakim • Judah’s “lovers” will not be able to save her 22:20, 22 • God should be sought, trusted above men cp. Psa 118:8-9 1 Cor 2:5 • Judah needed to hear all of God’s word 26:2 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    41. Reign Of Jehoiakim Prophecies During Reigns Of Jehoahaz & Jehoiakim • Jeremiah uses the Rechabites to illustrate Judah’s failure 35:1-19 • They had always obeyed the voice of their father vv. 6-8 • By contrast, Judah rejected her Father vv. 13-16 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    42. Reign Of Jehoiakim Prophecies During Reigns Of Jehoahaz & Jehoiakim • Judah’s fate is certain 25:1-38 • Prophets were rejected vv. 3-7 • Desolation will come in the form of Nebuchadnezzar vv. 8-11 • Captivity will last 70 years v. 12 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    43. Reign Of Jehoiakim Prophecies During Reigns Of Jehoahaz & Jehoiakim • Jeremiah comforts Baruch (God’s servant & his scribe) Jer 45 • Baruch had grown weary re: the rejection of God’s word v. 3 • God would see to his personal safety v. 5 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    44. Reign Of Jehoiakim Prophecies During Reigns Of Jehoahaz & Jehoiakim • Jeremiah defends the word of God Jer 36 • The people heard it vv. 9-10 • The king’s officials heard it v. 15 • Upon the king hearing it, he burned it vv. 21-23 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    45. Reign Of Jehoiakim Prophecies During Reigns Of Jehoahaz & Jehoiakim • Jehoiakim had no remorse v. 24 • The scroll was re-copied vv. 27-28 • Jehoiakim will be judged vv. 30-31 • LESSON: God’s word will always endure cp. Mt 24:35 1 Pet 1:23-25 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    46. Reign Of Jehoiachin Prophecies During Reigns Of Jehoiachin & Zedekiah • Jehovah will remove Jehoiachin from “royal favor” Jer 22:24 • He will be cast away Jer 22:28 • He will not have any descendants to rule in Jerusalem Jer 22:30 cp. Mt 1:12 The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    47. Reign Of Jehoiachin Prophecies During Reigns Of Jehoiachin & Zedekiah • Jehovah will raise up “shepherds” for His people Jer 23:4 Faithful post-exilic servants (Ezra, Nehemiah) in future literal kingdom Faithful under- shepherds (elders) in future Messianic spiritual kingdom OR The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    48. Reign Of Jehoiachin Prophecies During Reigns Of Jehoiachin & Zedekiah • Jehovah will ultimately send the “Righteous Branch” Jer 23:5-6 • A reference to the Messiah cp. Isa 4:2 11:1-10 Zech 6:12-13 • His rule won’t be that of Judah’s present kings The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    49. Reign Of Jehoiachin Prophecies During Reigns Of Jehoiachin & Zedekiah • False prophets have lied to, misled the people Jer 23:9-40 • By contrast, the Lord’s word is like fire, a hammer v. 29 • It purifies, consumes…it breaks a haughty spirit The Prophecies Of Jeremiah

    50. Reign Of Zedekiah Prophecies During Reigns Of Jehoiachin & Zedekiah • Jeremiah receives a vision after Jehoiachin is removed Jer 24:1-2 • Jews left behind in Judah thought they were chosen cp. Ezek 11:15 • This vision stated otherwise The Prophecies Of Jeremiah