Giraffe Power Point by: EH
Introduction • My animal is the giraffe • The scientific name is Giraffa Cameiopardalis • Giraffes are mammals • There are a lot of different kinds of giraffes
Physical Features • For males the head and body length is 15-19 feet. • Height to the horns tips is 15-18 feet. • Males weigh 1700-4200 pounds. • Females weigh 1200-2600 pounds. • The female giraffe is 13-16 feet tall. • The giraffe has the longest tail of any land mammal. • Their tail can grow to be 8 feet 24 meters long.
Physical Features Continued • No two giraffes have the same spots. • Their horns are short and are covered with skin and hair. • They have large hooves. • Giraffes have large sandy to chestnut, spots closely spaced on a lighter background. • Giraffes have long necks to get food up on the trees.
Life Span • Healthy giraffes live about 25 years in the wild.
Habitat • They live in Africa in Okapi. • Giraffes make their homes in the forest. • In Okapi they have open woodlands.
Climate • The weather is very hot in Africa. • They like to live in the hot grasslands. • They stay cool under tall trees.
Food • Giraffes are herbivores. • They eat leaves on the tallest trees. • The giraffes twist their tongue around the branch to pull the leaves. • Giraffes have 32 teeth, but no top front teeth.
prey • Giraffes do not prey on animals. • Lions hunt giraffes. • Giraffes kick and run away from lions.
behavior • A mother giraffe kicks the enemies to scare them to keep the baby giraffes safe. • Giraffes like to hug each other.
reproduction • Giraffes breed between July and September. • They carry the baby for 14 months. • When the baby is born it weighs 100-150 pounds. • The babies are standing and nursing from their mother an hour after birth.
Physical adaptations • The giraffes have a long neck because they need to reach the leaves to eat. • They have a lot of competition in the grass where they eat leaves. • Giraffes have long legs to run away from lions and to keep safe and not be eaten. • Giraffes have long tongues to reach the leaves that are high up above the giraffes.
Behavioral adaptations • Giraffes drink a lot of water at once, so that they can go days with out drinking water. • They kick their back legs at predators to defend themselves • They try not to bend their long neck down because it leaves them open to being attacked. That’s why they don’t drink often. • They sleep standing up and they always leave one eye open and the other eye closed so they can see predators coming toward them.
Physiological adaptations • Giraffes have tiny veins in their neck to prevent black outs when the lower their head. • They have good eye sight. • To see their prey and communicate with other giraffes that are far away.
Fun facts • Giraffes have a blue tongue. • Giraffes have the largest heart of all mammals. • Giraffes have four stomachs. • All giraffes have different spots.