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HRD as a Tool for Good Governance in Cooperatives. Presentation by Dr. Bhagwati Prasad Ex-CE/NCUI and Vice Chairman Cooperative House Building and Finance Corporation Ltd,

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Hrd as a tool for good governance in cooperatives
HRD as a Tool for Good Governance in Cooperatives



Dr. Bhagwati Prasad

Ex-CE/NCUI and

Vice Chairman

Cooperative House Building and Finance Corporation Ltd,


During ICA AP HRD Committee Meeting & Seminar in Kobe, Japan,


Overview of Presentation

1) Definition of Governance,

2) Good Governance,

3) Principles of Good Governance,

4) Cooperative Governance,

5) Human Resource Development,

6) HRD in cooperatives,

7) HRD efforts for ensuring Good

Governance in cooperatives,

Definition of Governance

As per the Report of the Commission on Global Governance "Our Global Neighbourhood” (1995) governance is defined as:

The sum of the many ways individuals and institutions,

public and private, manage their common affairs. It is a continuing process through which conflicting or diverse interests may be accommodated and co-operative action may be taken. It includes formal institutions and regimes empowered to enforce compliance, as well as informal arrangements that people and institutions either have

agreed to or perceive to be in their interest.

Good Governance-

“Good governance” is a normative conception of the

values according to which the act of governance is

realized, and the method by which groups of social

actors interact in a certain social context.

The concept of good governance emerged mainly

because practices of bad governance, characterized

by corruption, unaccountable governments and lack

of respect for human rights, had become

increasingly dangerous, and the need to intervene in

such cases had become urgent.

Principles of Good Governance


2.Rule of law,

3.Transparency of decision-making or



5.Predictability or coherence



Refers to equal participation

by all members of society as the key

element of good governance, with

everyone having a role in the process of



2.Rule of Law-

Good governance implies the rule of law maintained

through the impartiality and effectiveness of the

legal system. Rule of law also means the protection

of human rights (particularly those of minorities),

independent judiciary and impartial and incorruptible

law enforcement agencies. The rule of law involves

a variety of conditions, being strongly connected to

good administration of justice, good legal

framework, verified dispute mechanisms, equal

access to justice, and the independence of judiciary

workers (lawyers, judges).



Good governance is also based on the transparency of the decision-making process, which ensures that information is freely available and accessible to those involved or affected by the decisions taken. Transparency therefore means

free access to information.



Accountability and responsibility (of the

institutions, just as much as of the civil

society) are key requirements of good

governance, with all of the participants in the

political and economic processes being

accountable for their decisions to each other.

5. Predictability or coherence

Good Governance also refers to the decision

making conforming to the traditions, culture, rules,

regulations and practices of the community/society.

6. Effectiveness

Good Governance signifies at improving efficiency

by introducing innovative methods and skill up-

gradation in the system aiming at enhanced


Cooperative Governance

Cooperative governance is concerned with the

way in which organizations are structured and

managed in pursuit of effective performance in

terms of achieving desired outcomes and

satisfying members.

Human Resource Development

Human Resource Development is the integrated

use of training, organization, and career

development efforts to improve individual, group

and organizational effectiveness. HRD develops

the key competencies that enable individuals in

organizations to perform current and future jobs

through planned learning activities. Groups within

organizations use HRD to initiate and manage

change. Also, HRD ensures a match between

individual and organizational needs.

  • HRD in Cooperatives

    Human Resource Development efforts are

    required for the following stake holders in


    1. Members

    2. Employees

    3. Board of Directors

Human Recourse Development efforts for

ensuring Good Governance in cooperatives:

For members: Member Education

1) to make them aware about cooperative

philosophy, principles and values,

2) to enlighten them about the role and responsibilities

of being a member of cooperatives,

3) to motivate them for participation in the affairs of

cooperative, etc.

For Employees:

1) Trainingand Development (TD),

2) Organization Development (OD),

3) Executive and supervisory/management



4) professional skills training,

  • 4)

    5)  technical/job training,

    6) customer service training,

    7) sales and marketing training,

    8)  health and safety training,

    9) Training in Public Relation, publicity and

    communication, etc.

For Board of Management:

1) Understanding of vision, mission, objective

and activities of the organization,

2) Cooperative Act, Rules, Bye-laws and

other relevant laws,

3) How to conduct Board meetings?,

4) Leadership Development Program,

5) Business Development Plan/Strategy,

6) Basics of Human Resource Management,

7) Basic financial management,

8) Budgeting and expenditure control, etc.


Thus with the help of HRD intervention at all levels i.e. members,BOD and employees; cooperatives may develop their capabilities and synergize their efforts for implementing principles of Good Governance in their enterprises more effectively.