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CHEA International Commission Washington D.C., 27 January 2011 . UNESCO and Quality Assurance: Progress and Issues. Stamenka Uvalić-Trumbić Chief, Section for Higher Education UNESCO. UNESCO. What is New?. Qian Tang. Irina Bokova. UNESCO HQ Paris. A new structure A new name.

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CHEAInternational CommissionWashington D.C., 27 January 2011

UNESCO and Quality Assurance:

Progress and Issues

Stamenka Uvalić-Trumbić

Chief,

Section for Higher EducationUNESCO


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UNESCO

What is New?


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Qian Tang

Irina Bokova

UNESCO HQ Paris


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A new structureA new name

Section for Higher Education

Division of Basic to Higher Learning



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Mission Statement

To help Member States and their institutions widen access to quality higher education through diverse modes of provision adapted to local development needs.


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Article 26 (1)

‘Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.’


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HIGHER EDUCATION:THE PROGRAMME

…nearly as old as the Organization

A resolution adopted by UNESCO’s 2nd General Conference in Mexico (1947) explicitly identified higher education as one of its six areas of work of work under the heading ‘Work with Universities”


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1998 WCHE

The first World Conference on Higher Education ever organized by UNESCO

Numbers matter! Over 180 Member States; 130 ministers responsible for higher education; some 4,200 participants in all representing all higher education stakeholders

Objective: to lay down the fundamental principles for the in-depth reform of higher education systems world wide



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The World Conference on Higher EducationParis - July 2009

Theme:TheNew Dynamics of Higher Educationand Research for Societal Change and Development.

Over 1,500 participants

Governments, academics, QA experts, students, civil society, private sector


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Ministers…

Egypt

China

India

France


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Researchers and scholars from around the world…

Philip Altbach Lidia Brito Mala Singh

Hebe Vessuri J.R.de la Fuente Alice Dautry



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Final Report and ConferenceCommuniqué

Documents published in hard and soft copy, in English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Chinese, Russian and Portuguese for a wide dissemination among key higher education stakeholders


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Dominant Global Trend: Massification

  • Globally, age participation rates have grown from 19% in 2000 to 26% in 2007

  • OECD estimates 50 % – 60 % participation rates are necessary with a view to development

  • Low income countries: 5% in 2000 to 7% in 2007

  • 150.6 million tertiary students globally in 2007, an increase of 53% since 2000

    ***Inability to meet growing demand in developing countries***


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Tertiary Enrolment Rates

UNESCO Institute of Statistics



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Enrolment projections

36 million by 2020

44 million by 2020

26 million by 2050


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Higher Education in a world Changed Utterly – OECD 2010

Equity, Efficiency, Quality

BUT

What was new?

  • The Economic Crisis: Doing More with less

  • Universities in search of revenue: ignoring access and equity, but (a paradox?)…

  • Social engagement – more intense today


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New Dynamics RevisitedOECD/IMHE 2010

  • Crossborder – often empty shells

  • Diversification: but vocational and professional??

  • Rankings – risky!; will European rankings make a difference? Do not trust League tables!

  • Academic Profession – students no longer interested(Nigeria)

  • Changing institutions/changing mindsets...

  • Does less money mean more innovation?


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Europe and Beyond:

  • The European Higher Education and Research areas must be open to the world

    (EU Modernisation Agenda for Universities)

  • The world is becoming smaller as the economic crisis hits both developed and developing countries. Austerity forces HEIs to do more with less

  • To do more with less:- be more innovative - embrace the new dynamics


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“…quality assurance – and especially the internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

Inside Accreditation

Judith Eaton


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WCHE COMMUNIQUE: internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”Call to Action

GIQAC

UNESCO

  • ‘[Pursue]… capacity-building for quality assurance in higher education in developing countries’

    Member States

  • ‘Put in place and strengthen appropriate quality assurance systems and regulatory frameworks with the involvement of all stakeholders’

    2009 World Conference on Higher Education Communiqué


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UNESCO’s Work internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

GLOBAL OUTREACH THROUGH:

UNESCO Global Forum on QA, Accreditation and the Recognition of Qualification (2002; 2004; 2007)

UNESCO’s 6 recognition conventions

UNESCO-World Bank Global Initiative GIQAC


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It takes a community… internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

GIQAC

The principal objective of GIQAC is to improve and expand worldwide capacity for quality assurance (QA) in higher education in developing and transition countries.


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GIQAC Worldwide internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

GIQAC FY2010 Implementing Networks

International Network for Quality Assurance Agencies in Higher Education (INQAAHE)

African Association of Universities (AAU) in cooperation with the African Quality Assurance Network (AfriQAN)

Arab Network for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ANQAHE)

Asia-Pacific Quality Network (APQN)

Caribbean Area Network for Quality Assurance in Tertiary Education (CANQATE)

La RedIberoamericana para la Acreditación de la Calidad en la Educación Superior (RIACES)


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GIQAC Achievements internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

‘The GIQAC grant has accelerated the growth of quality assurance agencies in various countries and developed leaders who serve as champions for QA in their own agencies. From an initial membership of 47 agencies and institutions in 2007, APQN now has 72 members in various categories. The grant has also paved the way towards greater cooperation and mutual understanding across a diverse and populous region.’

— Concepción Pijano, President, APQN


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GIQAC Achievements internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

In 2010, GIQAC made an impact at the national level in

43 countries in Africa,

11 countries in the Arab States,

27 countries in Asia and the Pacific,

33 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean and

31 countries in Europe and North America.


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Looking Ahead: internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”Challenges

  • GIQAC FY2011

    • ENQA – ECA countries

    • Future Sustainability: Beyond DGF

  • The next 3 years

    • Action plan


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INQAAHE Forum internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

Windhoek, Namibia

May 2010


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“…Spread of the familiar” internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

GIQAC meeting Windhoek

Judith Eaton


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Follow-up to 2009 WCHE: New Dynamics of quality assurance internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

  • Open Educational resources OERs

  • University rankings and accountability

  • Private higher education (including for-profit)

    and

  • Cross-border higher education: what next


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UNESCO internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

Paris, 5 – 8 July 2009

COMMUNIQUE

(8 July 2009)

ODL approaches and ICTs present opportunities to widen access to quality education, particularly when Open Educational Resources are readily shared by many countries and higher education institutions


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WCHE session on OERs internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

Imperative to ensure that all – developed and developing countries - are enabled to contribute to OERs…


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Policy Forum 1 (December 2010, Paris) internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

UNESCO and the Commonwealth of Learning

Taking the Open Educational Resources (OER) beyond the OER Community: Policy and Capacity


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Objectives of the Project internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

  • Ensure greater support for the use of OER created and used both in developing and developed countries by educational decision makers (governmental and institutional)

  • Enhance capacity of educational practitioners in developing countries to create and use OER.


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Basic Premise internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

  • OERs will not be able to help countries reach their educational goals unless awareness of the potential can be rapidly expanded beyond the communities of interest that they have already attracted

  • Mainstreaming OER will contribute to the quality of learning materials


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Activities 2010 internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

  • Development of an OER Dossier

  • 3 Online Forums

  • 4 Capacity-Building workshops

  • 1 Policy Forum


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Policy Forum 2 internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”(October 2011, Paris)

UNESCO and the Commonwealth of Learning

Policy Guidelines on OERs


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UNIVERSITY RANKINGS internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”


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BRITAIN’S TOP NINE UNIVERSITIES internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

Quality Rankings of Teaching

based on all subject assessments 1995-2004(Sunday Times University Guide 2004)

  • 1 CAMBRIDGE 96%

  • 2 LOUGHBOROUGH 95%

  • 3= LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS 88%

  • 3= YORK 88%

  • 5 THE OPEN UNIVERSITY 87%

  • OXFORD 86%

  • IMPERIAL COLLEGE 82%

  • UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON 77%

  • ESSEX 77%


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Unesco global internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”forumonuniversity rankings and otheraccountabilitytoolsParis, 16-17 May 2011

Goals:

  • Healthy debate on Rankings and other accountability tools

  • Increased understanding of the impact of rankings

  • Improved convergences between rankings and other accountability tools

  • Improved communication between the higher education community and the public, particularly governments, funding bodies, and potential students

  • Access to reliable and transparent information


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Private higher education internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

  • Private HE: fastest growing sub-sector - 30% global HE enrolment

    • Japan, South Korea: 80%

    • Latin America– 50%

  • Governance: relationship between government and PHEIs

  • QA: key tool for demand-absorbing private sector

    GLOBAL DEBATE ON PHE INCLUDING FOR-PROFIT


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Web Portal internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

Higher Education Institutions


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Degree Mills internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

What next?

Would a UNESCO legal

instrument be useful?


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Web Portal on HEIs: Country Information internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

  • Institutions recognized by competent authorities

  • Higher education programmes recognized by competent authorities

  • Information for students planning to study in the country

  • Information on the higher education system

  • Foreign credential assessment and recognition

  • Information on financial assistance opportunities

  • Cross-border highereducation

  • National Information Centre

  • Other information sources

  • Definition of keyterms


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Jamaica internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

Japan

Kenya

Latvia

Liechtenstein

Lithuania

Mexico

Malaysia

Namibia

New Zealand

Nigeria

Norway

Pakistan

Paraguay

Current Participating Countries February 2010

  • Saudi Arabia

  • Sweden

  • Thailand

  • Trinidad and Tobago

  • United Kingdom

  • United States of America

Argentina

Armenia

Australia

Belarus

Belgium

Bulgaria

Canada

China

Costa Rica

Cyprus

Cuba

Croatia

Egypt

Ireland


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Iran internationalization of quality assurance – was one of the most striking new developments since UNESCO held its previous World Conference on Higher Education in 1998.”

Kazakhstan

Panama

St Vincent and the Grenadines

Switzerland

Uruguay

Uzbekistan

Countries being processed December 2010

Austria

Chile

Colombia

Dominican Republic

Estonia

Guyana

India

Indonesia


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Guidelines for quality provision in cross-border higher educationUNESCO and OECD

Implementation Survey and analysis



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Welcome to Tokyo! (December 1, 2009)

Asia and Pacific Convention on Degree Recognition

Revised text:

Diplomatic Conference 25-26 November 2011, Tokyo, UNESCO & MEXT

A WORKSHOP ON THE WEB PORTAL WILL BE ORGANIZED


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Diversified and innovative providers and modes of higher education delivery for expanding equitable access: private higher education, cross-border providers, ODL and OERs;

Strengthened use of quality assurance systems and other accountability tools to promote quality and relevance of sustainable higher education systems

Assistance to the creation of an African Higher Education and Research Area

Flagships projects 2012 – 2013


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“global leadership in education” education delivery for expanding equitable access: private higher education, cross-border providers, ODL and OERs;

political discourse academic debate


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THANK YOU! education delivery for expanding equitable access: private higher education, cross-border providers, ODL and OERs;

s.uvalic-trumbic@unesco.org