PIA 2528
1 / 65

- PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Updated On :

PIA 2528 Governance, Local Government and Civil Society Civil Society: A Conceptual Framework See Below- The Model. The Model: Civil Society. Local Governance and Civil Society Decentralization Diagram. Quote of the Week. George Orwell, Burmese Days

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '' - ivanbritt

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Slide1 l.jpg

PIA 2528

Governance, Local Government

and Civil Society

Civil Society:

A Conceptual Framework

See Below- The Model

The model civil society l.jpg
The Model: Civil Society

  • Local Governance and Civil Society

  • Decentralization Diagram

Quote of the week l.jpg
Quote of the Week

  • George Orwell, Burmese Days

    • "Why is it you are always abusing the pukka sahibs as you call them. They are the salt of the earth. Consider the great administrators who have made British India what it is.”

    • The Issue: History, Empire and Civil Society

    • Colonial Burma and Civil Society in Myanmar

    • Authoritarian Legacies

Review discussion of themes l.jpg
Review- Discussion of Themes Blair standing third from the left)

Democratic Governance and Institutional State

  • Rule of Law

  • Transparency

  • Security

  • Competitive Elections and Political Parties

  • Devolved Local Government

  • Institutional Processes

  • Interest articulation and aggregation (Competition

  • Civil Society- Mediation and Social Capital

Social mediation l.jpg
Social Mediation Blair standing third from the left)

Hamilton madison and jay l.jpg
Hamilton, Madison and Jay Blair standing third from the left)

Madison hamilton and jay and civil society l.jpg
Madison, Hamilton and Jay and Civil Society Blair standing third from the left)

  • Federalist Papers

    • Fear of Populism

    • Minority rights

    • Shifting majorities

    • The problem with majorities

    • Tyranny

    • Factions

Tyranny l.jpg
Tyranny Blair standing third from the left)

Polyarchy the conceptual framework l.jpg
Polyarchy: The Conceptual Framework Blair standing third from the left)

  • Competitive Pluralism

  • Diverse interest associations of society compete with each other over policy issues

  • Basis of Economic and Political Competition

  • Social vs. Economic Liberalism

Social vs economic liberalism l.jpg
Social vs. Economic Liberalism? Blair standing third from the left)

Polyarchy six principles summary l.jpg
Polyarchy: Six Principles-Summary Blair standing third from the left)

  • Interest Group Liberalism

  • Problem of zero-sum game

  • Civil Society as organizational not individual or the mass.

  • The need for apathy

  • Institutional structures: Checks and balances

  • Constitutional vs. social stability

Civil society the base point l.jpg
Civil Society: The Base Point Blair standing third from the left)

  • Civil Society- Networks of organizations, groups and individuals pursuing socio-economic interests

  • Base point- Governance vs. interests (negative and positive)

  • Relationship to Private sector

A positive image l.jpg
A Positive Image Blair standing third from the left)

Review civil society the nature of the beast l.jpg
Review: Civil Society Blair standing third from the left)The Nature of the Beast:

  • Non-Profits

  • Not for Profits

  • Private Voluntary


  • Community Based Organizations

  • Civics

Nature of the beast continued l.jpg
Nature of the Beast-Continued Blair standing third from the left)

  • Foundations

  • Associations

  • Interest Groups

  • Quangos

Philanthropy l.jpg
Philanthropy? Blair standing third from the left)

Nature of the beast l.jpg
Nature of the Beast Blair standing third from the left)

  • The University of Pittsburgh is a Non-Profit

  • They are not always small

Five caveats civil society groups l.jpg
Five Caveats: Civil Society Groups Blair standing third from the left)

  • Usually excludes “for profits”- issue of contractors

  • Both International and Local

  • Internationals are not universally loved

  • Very often internationals are religious or charity based

  • Focus has been primarily on relief rather than development or civil society goals

Contractors l.jpg
Contractors Blair standing third from the left)

Types of development ngos l.jpg
Types of “Development” NGOs Blair standing third from the left)

1. Philanthropy

2. Humanitarian Assistance

War, Drought, Agricultural Failure (WWI)

Relief and Welfare Societies- Disaster-

3. Populist based development agencies (national)

Cooperative for american remittances to europe l.jpg
“Cooperative for American Remittances to Europe” Blair standing third from the left)

Types of development ngos25 l.jpg
Types of “Development” NGOs Blair standing third from the left)

4. Grassroots associations (local or village based): Focus on Rural Development

5. Advocacy groups: Democracy and Governance

6. Public Service Contractors and Grantees

International ngos weaknesses l.jpg
International NGOs- Weaknesses Systems International

1. Lack of local legitimacy

2. Donor driven

3. Inefficiency

4. Amateurism- leadership and continuity problems

5. Staffing problems

Amateurism l.jpg
Amateurism? Systems International

International ngos weaknesses29 l.jpg
International NGOs- Weaknesses Systems International

6. Self-serving- own objectives: Faith Based

7. Fixation on projects- Problems of replication

8. Lack of perceived accountability

9. Learning problems/lack of institutional memory

Thousand points of light l.jpg
Thousand Points of Light Systems International

George Bush, appearing with victim’s rights advocate Doris Tate at a ceremony in which Tate was named as one of the thousand points of light.

International ngos weaknesses32 l.jpg

10. Tensions with government institutions- Politically threatening

11. Ties with existing local elites

12. Inability of humanitarian organizations to transfer to new development orientation

International NGOs- Weaknesses

Politically threatening ngos l.jpg
Politically Threatening NGOs threatening

  • Kenya, 2008-

  • 2009

Foreign aid l.jpg
Foreign Aid threatening

Break l.jpg
Break threatening

  • Ten Minutes

Public private partnerships l.jpg
Public Private Partnerships threatening

The Twenty-First Century Paradigm

Types of democracy and civil society representation l.jpg
Types of Democracy and Civil Society Representation threatening

  • Cooperative Movements (or Corporatism)

    • Diverse interest associations cooperate with each other and with organs of the state to make policy

    • Scandinavian Social Corporatism

    • Public-Private Partnership?

Public private partnerships40 l.jpg
Public-Private Partnerships threatening

  • U.S. Parallel: Western Pennsylvania

Understanding the public sector of allegheny county l.jpg
Understanding the Public Sector of Allegheny County threatening

Allegheny County is made up of 130 townships and boroughs. Each of these has its own public manager and council. The city of Pittsburgh is part of this mix of local government. Several Thousand non-profits

Operating Budget for the County for 2003 is $654 million. This budget provides for such services as:

Children and Youth Services

Jail/County Police

Port Authority

District attorney


Demographics of allegheny county l.jpg
Demographics of Allegheny County threatening

  • Total population 1,281,666

    • 84% White

    • 12% African American

    • 1.7% Asian

    • 1% Hispanic

    • 1/10 of 1% Native American

    • 18% 65+

    • 6% under 5 years old

Public private partnerships45 l.jpg
Public-Private Partnerships threatening

  • Non-Profits Number in W. PA in tens of thousands and

  • deliver up to two-thirds of the social services of the County in several different sectors

Public private p artnerships the international context l.jpg
Public Private P threateningartnerships:The International Context

Defined: Partnerships (formal or informal) between:

  • Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs),

  • Community Based Organizations (CBOs),

  • Governments,

  • Donors (International and Private),

  • Private- Business Sector.

Foreign aid links l.jpg
Foreign Aid Links threatening

Public private partnerships49 l.jpg
Public Private Partnerships threatening

  • Origins- Use in International Development

    a. International Donors- Way of Dealing with Umbrella Grants and implementation of development policies

    b. Accepting donor money means accepting donor principles

Public private partnerships50 l.jpg
Public Private Partnerships threatening

c. Comes out of Structural Adjustment and Policy Reform (re. LDCs)

d. Seen by some as an alternative to Contracting Out- Others as part of it

e. Critics see it as detrimental to a market approach to economic change

The latest phase l.jpg
The Latest Phase? threatening

Public private partnerships characteristics l.jpg
Public Private Partnerships: Characteristics threatening

a. Targeted at the expansion of Social Capital and Synergy in the promotion of Economic and Social Development

  b. Seeks a holistic or Integrated Approach to Economic and Social Development

  c. Involves informal processes, cultural sensitivities as well as legal norms and contracting principles.

Public private partnerships ppps l.jpg
Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) Parties Project

Supporting Factors in the International Context:

  1. Democratic Governance- private sector and NGOs seen as legitimate actors; transparency, accountability and responsiveness

2. Rational Government- Merit Principles, anti-corruption environment, acceptance of non-state actors as service deliverers. Contracting Out

Post structural adjustment l.jpg
Post-Structural Adjustment Parties Project

  • Human Development and Governance are seen as the key to economic development

  • Millennium Development Goals

Public private partnerships factors l.jpg
Public Private Partnerships- Factors Parties Project

Factors that Support PPPs 

3. Decentralization- Subsidiarity: Governance devolved to the lowest levels capable of implementation and contracting out

4. Legal Frameworks- Acceptance of Contractual Agreement as the basic organizational relationship

Contracts l.jpg
Contracts Parties Project

Public private partnerships factors58 l.jpg
Public Private Partnerships-Factors Parties Project

5. Institutional Norms, Organizational Capacity and regularized principles of inter-organizational interaction. Requires high levels of capacity building

6. Requires Social and Economic Stability

7. Organizational flexibility across all sectors

Public private partnerships factors59 l.jpg
Public Private Partnerships- Factors Parties Project

8. Social and Institutional Pluralism- win-win rather than zero sum game across social, ethnic, religious and racial groups

9. Social Networks exist at Grass roots, and intermediate as well as higher levels of government-See diagram

Flat pyramid early nasa l.jpg
Flat Pyramid- Early NASA Parties Project

Reference l.jpg

Reference: Parties Project

Jennifer M. Brinkerhoff,

Partnership for International Development: Rhetoric or ResultsBoulder, Co.: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002

Books five minute reactions l.jpg
Books: Five minute Reactions Parties Project

  • The Painted Veil:

    Somerset Maugham

  • Weep Not Child

    Ngugi wa Thiongo

The master and margareta mikhail bulgakov l.jpg
The Master and Margareta Parties ProjectMikhail Bulgakov

Discussion l.jpg
Discussion Parties Project

  • Questions, Comments?

Discussion65 l.jpg
Discussion Parties Project

  • Themes

    • Governance

    • Local Governance

    • Civil Society

    • Area Focus