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Corrections Cont. Dr. Matt Robinson CJ 3532 “Injustice in America” Appalachian State University. Pains of Imprisonment. Prison is NOT a nice place See myths of prisons (pp. 284-289) Losses are enormous! Inmates suffer through “pains of imprisonment”. Pains of Imprisonment.

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corrections cont

Corrections Cont.

Dr. Matt Robinson

CJ 3532

“Injustice in America”

Appalachian State University

pains of imprisonment
Pains of Imprisonment
  • Prison is NOT a nice place
  • See myths of prisons (pp. 284-289)
  • Losses are enormous!
  • Inmates suffer through “pains of imprisonment”
pains of imprisonment3
Pains of Imprisonment
  • Loss of liberty
  • Loss of autonomy
  • Loss of security
  • Deprivation of heterosexual relationships
  • Deprivation of goods and services
  • Loss of voting rights
  • Loss of dignity
  • Stigmatization (see pp. 282-296)
pains of imprisonment4
Pains of Imprisonment
  • Likely outcomes of these pains:
  • Damaged individuals
  • Dependent individuals
  • Angry individuals
  • Disruption of families
  • Lack of male role models in some neighborhoods
  • More crime upon release
  • More crime in their neighborhoods
who is in prison
Who is in Prison?
  • Half (50%) are violent offenders
  • 20% are drug offenders
  • 20% are property offenders
  • 10% are public order offenders
  • 55% of federal prisoners are drug offenders
  • 1% are white-collar offenders
who is in prison6
Who is in Prison?
  • Typical inmate is:
  • Young
  • Poor
  • Minority
  • Male
  • Uneducated
  • Underemployed
slide7

Characteristics of the Incarcerated

Percentage

Male 93% 1

Black 33% 1Black 38% 4Hispanic 19% 1Hispanic 21% 4

Sentenced for non-violent crimes 50% 1

Not completed high school 41% 2

Earning less than $1,000 per month 59% 3

Under influence of drugs at time of crime 62% 3

Unemployed 29% 3Not employed full time 43% 3

1 all prison inmates, 20082 all correctional inmates, 19973 jail inmates, 20024 state prison inmates, 2008

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics

slide8

Characteristics of the Incarcerated

Percentage Black

State Prisoners 38% (2008)State Prisoners *37% (2008) State Prisoners **27% (2008)

Jail Inmates 39% (2008)

Probationers 29% (2008)

Death Row Inmates 42% (January 2009)

* Black males** Black males, ages 18-39

Sources: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics, NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund

what does it cost
What Does it Cost?
  • At roughly $35,000 per inmate per year …
  • With 1.6 million inmates …
  • Minimum costs of imprisonment is$56 BILLION per year!
  • Plus biases created by massive incarceration!
what does it cost10
What Does it Cost?
  • African Americans are disproportionately likely to be under all forms of correctional supervision
  • African American males have 32% chance of going to prison (v. 17% Hispanic males and 6% of Caucasian males)
  • Rate of imprisonment is 3,161 per 100,000 for black males versus 1,200 for Hispanic males, and only 487 for White males
slide11

Imprisonment Rate by Race

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (2006). Prisoners in 2005.

http://ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/p05.htm

what does it cost12
What Does it Cost?
  • “…there is clearly a correlation among punitiveness in the US generally, the US wars on crime, and on drugs in particular, and racial disparities in the criminal justice network” (p. 300).
  • Why?