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Rice Production in Rwanda. By SENDEGE Norbert. Background-Basic Facts. Rwanda is located in eastern central Africa Total territory : 26338 km2. Arable land is :1385000 ha . Actual cultivated land is:825000 ha. Elevation : 900 m - 4500 m above sea level.

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rice production in rwanda

Rice Production in Rwanda

By SENDEGE Norbert

background basic facts
Background-Basic Facts
  • Rwanda is located in eastern central Africa
  • Total territory : 26338 km2.
  • Arable land is :1385000 ha .
  • Actual cultivated land is:825000 ha.
  • Elevation : 900 m - 4500 m above sea level.
  • Population now is more than 9.5 million, density(360 people / km2),
  • Annual birth growth rate is 2.9 %.
  • Majority of people (90%) lives in rural areas
  • Rice is cultivated in Rwanda from late 1950’s
  • In 2008, rice were grown on 12000 ha, the production were 66000 T of paddy
basic fact cont d
Basic fact (cont’d)
  • Since the 1980s, Rwanda has been unable to meet its domestic food needs from national production.
  • Especially important has been the growth of rice imports to satisfy demand for this convenience food the consumption of which has grown rapidly, especially in urban areas.
  • Production of rice has been given high priority by Government, especially in the valley bottom marshlands, where it presents a unique opportunity (potential yield over 7 T/Ha) for each of two crops per year,
  • Furthermore, with rice prices having risen substantially on international markets during the past two years, rice has become for most farmers a valuable cash crop.
background related policies
Background-Related Policies
  • Improving productivity up to the projected national average of 7tons/ha of paddy rice.
  • Extension of the cultivable area up to 66.904 ha of marshlands.
  • Construction and/or maintenance of the water supply systems, to allow two growing seasons/year.
  • Ensure handling and processing infrastructure to minimise post -harvest losses and to maximize harvest in quantity and quality.
priority agro ecologies
Priority agro-ecologies
  • Rwanda produce low land irrigated rice (99,9%)
  • Rice crop in Rwanda is grown in developed flood valleys or in the marshland
  • The elevation of the rice cultivation area in Rwanda vary between 900m and 1400 m
  • The temperature vary between 19-29 degree Celicius
priority sub sector
Priority Sub-sector
  • Seed

-Seed system in Rwanda is governed by the seed low and related regulations.

-ISAR produce Breeder seeds

-RADA produce Foundation seed

-Private multiplies produce certified seeds

-Remark: Many farmers use their own seeds

  • Marshland development and Water management

-The marshland development is mainly made by the government

-Water management is under farmers organization (Cooperatives)

list of development partners for rice related intervention
List of development partners for rice (related intervention)
  • Rural Sector Support Project for (RSSP) for marshland development,
  • Projet d’Appui au Developement Agricole de Bugasera (PADAB),
  • Strategic Plan for the Transformation of Agriculture in Rwanda (PAPSTA)
  • Agro-Action-Allemande (AAA) Project