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Learning Target: How did the geography of Italy impact the development of Ancient Rome?. The Geography of Rome. Western Civilizaiton November 7, 2012. Joke of the Day. The Apennine Peninsula. Conveniently Located Easy to trade and conquer Mountains Alps to the north

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the geography of rome

Learning Target: How did the geography of Italy impact the development of Ancient Rome?

The Geography of Rome

Western Civilizaiton

November 7, 2012

the apennine peninsula
The Apennine Peninsula
  • Conveniently Located
    • Easy to trade and conquer
  • Mountains
    • Alps to the north
    • Apennines in the middle
    • Protected Rome, but did not isolate it
  • Large plains
    • Made farming easy
    • Used water-wheels to move water up hills/mountains to water crops
the hills of rome
The Hills of Rome
  • Settled on hills
    • Defense
    • Marsh
  • Testaccio
    • Created entirely of broken Amphorae, a clay jug used for transport
the marsh of rome
The Marsh of Rome
  • River and Marshes led to repeated flooding of the hills / city
  • Cloaca Maxima
    • “The Great Drain”
    • System of drainage regulating the marsh and rivers underground
the forum boarium
The Forum Boarium
  • The regulated marsh and Tiber River became a port and cattle market for the city of Rome
the tiber river1
The Tiber River
  • Water is a vital resource for survival
    • Marsh and flooding provided fertile farmland
  • Provided inhabitants of Rome access by water to:
    • Northern portions of the peninsula
    • The Mediterranean Sea
  • Provided opportunities to:
    • Trade internationally
    • Easily expand the Empire
rome s geology
Rome’s Geology
  • Volcanic Activity
    • Nearby Lake
    • Provided a plentiful supply of a variety of rocks and stones
      • Basalt – used for paving rodes
      • Travertine Tile – Architecture (Coliseum)
      • Tufa & Clay - pottery
    • Provided fertile soil and a wealth of minerals