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Chapter 5. Crisis in the Colonies. European Rivals. What country was England’s biggest threat in trade ? France was Great Britain’s biggest rival in trade and colonization. What did some Native American tribes think was the only way to survive the conflicts between Britain and France ?

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chapter 5

Chapter 5

Crisis in the Colonies

european rivals
European Rivals
  • What country was England’s biggest threat in trade?
  • France was Great Britain’s biggest rival in trade and colonization.
  • What did some Native American tribes think was the only way to survive the conflicts between Britain and France?
  • Tribes thought the only way to survive the conflicts was to take sides.
european rivals1
European Rivals
  • Who allied with the French?
  • The Algonquin and the Hurons
  • Who allied with the English?
  • Iroquois
chapter 5 events terms due on thursday september 27
Chapter 5 Events TermsDue on Thursday, September 27
  • French and Indian War
  • Albany Plan of Union
  • Treaty of Paris, 1763*
  • Pontiac’s War
  • Proclamation of 1763
  • Stamp Act
  • Townshend Acts
  • Boston Massacre
  • Tea Act
  • Boston Tea Party
  • Intolerable Acts
  • Quebec Act
  • First Continental Congress
  • Battles of Lexington and Concord
french and indian war
French and Indian War
  • Cause: The Governor of Virginia sent Washington to build a fort in the Ohio River Valley.
  • Effect: Washington attacked the French but later surrendered.
french and indian war1
French and Indian War
  • Cause: Delegates from seven colonies met in Albany, NY to work toward unity.
  • Effect: No colonial assembly approved the Albany Plan of Union.
french and indian war2
French and Indian War
  • Cause: General Braddock ignored Indian scouts’ warnings near Fort Duquesne.
  • Effect: The French launched a surprise attack; Braddock and many other English were killed.
french and indian war3
French and Indian War
  • Cause: William Pitt became the Prime Minister in Great Britain.
  • Effect: Pitt sent his best generals to North America.
french and indian war4
French and Indian War
  • Cause: Britain surprised the French and won the Battle of Quebec.
  • Effect: The fighting between England and France ended in North America.
key people and places
Key People and Places
  • George Washington-son of wealthy parents; gifted at mathematics; worked as a surveyor; led 150 men into the Ohio Country to build a British fort where the Monongahela and Allegheny rivers met; launched a surprise attack on French forces near Fort Duquesne that started the French and Indian War
  • Fort Duquesne (pages 143 and 144)-French fort at the beginning of the French and Indian War; site of first battles; renamed Fort Pitt after the British captured it
key people and places1
Key People and Places
  • Fort Necessity-make-shift stockade Washington and his troops built to protect themselves from French attack
  • Benjamin Franklin-delegate from Pennsylvania who proposed the Albany Plan of Union
  • Albany Plan of Union-proposal by Benjamin Franklin to create one government for the 13 colonies
key people and places2
Key People and Places
  • General Edward Braddock-British general who died in a battle near Fort Duquesne after refusing to follow Native American warnings
  • William Pitt-became head of British government in 1757 and sent his best generals to North America in an effort to win the French and Indian War
  • Treaty of Paris, 1763-a 1763 agreement between Britain and France that ended the French and Indian War; it marked the end of French power in North America
taxation without representation
Taxation without Representation
  • What was the cause of Pontiac’s War?
  • The British raised prices of goods and settlers built farms and forts on Indian lands.
taxation without representation1
Taxation without Representation
  • What did the Proclamation of 1763 state?
  • Colonists could not move beyond the crest of the Appalachian Mountains.
taxation without representation2
Taxation without Representation
  • How did colonists react to the Proclamation of 1763?
  • The proclamation made colonists angry, so many ignored the law and moved west anyway.
taxation without representation3
Taxation without Representation
  • Why did Parliament pass the Sugar Act in 1764?
  • England was deep in debt after the French and Indian War.
taxation without representation4
Taxation without Representation
  • What reason did the colonists have for protesting the Stamp Act?
  • Colonists insisted that taxation without representation went against English traditions.
taxation without representation5
Taxation without Representation
  • What did the Townshend Acts create besides new taxes?
  • Officers were allowed to inspect cargo without giving a reason.
taxation without representation6
Taxation without Representation
  • What activities did the Sons of Liberty and the Daughters of Liberty organize?
  • Protests, mock hangings, petitions, boycotts
taxation without representation7
Taxation without Representation
  • Identify the following:
  • Samuel Adams
  • Mercy Otis WarrenPatrick Henry
  • Samuel Adams-skilled at organizing people, protests, and stirring public support; one of the leaders of the Sons of Liberty
  • Mercy Otis Warren-wrote plays that made fun of British officials
  • Patrick Henry-often gave passionate speeches in the Virginia House of Burgesses-“Give me liberty or give me death”
boston massacre
Boston Massacre
  • What led to the event? Taxes and quartering of soldiers
  • Who were involved in the Boston Massacre? British soldiers and Boston colonists
  • When did the event occur? March 5, 1770
  • How many people died in the Boston Massacre? Only five people died.
  • How did the colonists react? Protests, committee of correspondence, propaganda
boston massacre1
Boston Massacre
  • What happened to the soldiers? They were arrested and tried. Only two were punished by having an M branded on their thumbs.
  • What happened in England on the same day? A bill was introduced to repeal most of the Townshend Acts.
boston massacre2
Boston Massacre
  • Crispus Attucks-free black sailor killed in the Boston Massacre
  • Paul Revere-a Boston silversmith who fanned anti-British thoughts with his engraving of the Boston Massacre; *he also made a midnight ride on April 18, 1775 to warn the colonists that British soldiers were on their way to Concord, MA
  • John Adams-Massachusetts lawyer who defended the British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre
taxation without representation8
Taxation without Representation
  • In what way did the Boston Massacre differ from earlier protests?
  • British soldiers fired on unarmed colonists; five colonists died.
boston tea party after the quiz
Boston Tea PartyAfter the Quiz!
  • Use pages 155-158 to answer
  • Who led the party?
  • What did they do?
  • Where did this happen?
  • When?
  • Why did the Sons of Liberty do this?
  • How did Great Britain respond?
  • How did the colonies respond?
tea act
Tea Act
  • The Tea Act was passed by Parliament in 1773.
  • It lowered the price of tea by allowing the British East India Company to bypass merchants.
  • The colonists refused to buy the tea because it included a tax.
  • Boycotts resumed.
boston tea party
Boston Tea Party
  • Use pages 155-158 to answer
  • Who led the party?
  • Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty
  • What did they do?
  • Dumped 342 chests of tea into the harbor
  • Where did this happen?
  • Boston Harbor, MA
boston tea party1
Boston Tea Party
  • When?
  • December 16, 1773
  • Why did the Sons of Liberty do this?
  • They believed the Tea Act was a “trick” to make the colonists pay a tax to England.
boston tea party2
Boston Tea Party
  • How did Great Britain respond?
  • With the Intolerable Acts:
  • Closed the port of Boston
  • Allowed only one town meeting per year
  • Customs officials could be tried in Britain or Canada
  • New Quartering Act
boston tea party3
Boston Tea Party
  • How did the colonies respond?
  • Delegates from 12 colonies met in the First Continental Congress.
  • They backed Massachusetts.
  • The delegates called on each colony to form a militia.
  • They agreed to meet in May 1775.
shot heard round the world
“Shot heard ‘round the World”
  • Put these in chronological order.
  • 1 Minutemen were collecting guns and gunpowder
  • 2 April 18, 1775, 700 British troops left Boston for Concord
  • 3 Paul Revere made a midnight ride to warn of the coming British
  • 4 April 19, 1775, minutemen and British soldiers exchanged fire at Lexington
  • 5 Minutemen and British fought on a bridge outside of Concord
  • 6 British lost 73 men and 200 were missing or wounded
chapter 5 test
Chapter 5 TEST
  • You may have a few minutes to look over your notes for your test today.