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George Washington. Challenges and Solutions. Economic Problems. War Debt Owed to foreign countries Netherlands France Spain Owed to merchants and citizens Image. Hamilton ’ s Financial Plan. Pay off all war debts Some states had already paid their portion

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george washington

George Washington

Challenges and Solutions

economic problems
Economic Problems
  • War Debt
    • Owed to foreign countries
      • Netherlands
      • France
      • Spain
    • Owed to merchants and citizens
  • Image
hamilton s financial plan
Hamilton’s Financial Plan
  • Pay off all war debts
    • Some states had already paid their portion
    • Compromised with move of Capital
  • Raise government revenue
    • Tariffs of imported goods
      • Money for national government
      • Encourage growth of American businesses
  • Create a national bank
    • Safe place for nation’s money
    • Issue one currency
    • Loans to businesses and government
  • Strengthen national governm,ent
different interpretations of constitution
Different Interpretations of Constitution
  • Strict or flexible?
  • Is the national bank constitutional?
  • Anti-feds
    • Strict interpretation
    • Unconstitutional as power not spelled out
  • Feds
    • Loose interpretation
    • “Necessary and Proper” clause
      • Need powers not specifically stated to carry out job
securing nw territory
Securing NW Territory
  • Competition for land Trans-Appalachian West
    • Britain
    • Spain
    • Native Americans
  • Mississippi River vital for trade
  • Washington sends troops
battle of fallen timbers
Battle of Fallen Timbers
  • Ohio River Valley
  • Washington sends troops to fight Natives
  • 1790
  • Little Turtle (Miami Tribe)
    • Shawnee
    • Ottawa
    • Chippewa
  • Natives think Brits will aid, but don’t
  • Treaty of Greenville (1795)
    • Twelve tribes
    • Surrender to U.S. government
      • Ohio
      • Indiana
whiskey rebellion western pennsylvania
Whiskey Rebellion Western Pennsylvania
  • Grain and Whiskey important products
  • Farmers make whiskey from grain
    • Cheaper and easier to ship whiskey
    • Can ship more whiskey than grain
  • Tax on whiskey cuts into profits
  • Farmers resisted tax by rebelling
    • Beat up and tar and feather tax collector
    • Armed themselves
  • Washington sends troops (Oct. 1794)
    • Image
    • Won’t let rebels weaken authority of fed. Gov’t.
french revolution
French Revolution
  • 1789
  • Caused by financial crisis
  • Inspired by American Revolution
    • French demand
      • Liberty
      • Equality
    • Overthrow King Louis XVI
french revolution cont
French Revolution - cont
  • European monarchs in fear
  • France declares war
    • Britain
    • Holland
    • Spain
  • Who, if anyone, should the U.S. support?
    • French helped us
    • Just finished war with Britain
  • Washington
    • Neutral
    • “Friendly and impartial”
    • Congress passes law forbidding help to either side
jay s treaty
Jay’s Treaty
  • Britain seizes American cargo ships
    • French West Indies
    • Challenge neutrality
  • John Jay, Chief Justice, negotiates with British
    • Stop seizure of ships
    • Give up forts on NW frontier
    • 1794-1796
  • Treaty
    • British leave Ohio River valley
    • British pay for damages to American ships
    • Trade with British West Indies fails
pinckney s treaty
Pinckney’s Treaty
  • Thomas Pinckney
  • 1795
  • Treaty with Spain
    • Americans travel freely along Mississippi River
    • Americans could store goods
      • Port of New Orleans
      • Free of customs duties
    • Northern boundary of Florida at 31st parallel
    • Southern boundary of U.S. at 31st parallel
court system
Court System
  • Congress creates
  • Supreme Court
    • How many justices?
    • How much power?
    • How to divide authority
      • Federal government
      • State government
  • Federal Judiciary Act of 1789
    • Supreme Court
      • One chief justice (John Jay)
      • Five associate justices (eventually nine)
    • Lower Federal courts with less power