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The Health of Manhattan and New York City Thomas R. Frieden, M.D., M.P.H. Commissioner, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene April 24, 2002 Community Health Survey First ever NYC health survey 10,000 New Yorkers interviewed on health status and lifestyle

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the health of manhattan and new york city

The Health of Manhattan and New York City

Thomas R. Frieden, M.D., M.P.H.

Commissioner, New York City

Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

April 24, 2002

community health survey
Community Health Survey
  • First ever NYC health survey
    • 10,000 New Yorkers interviewed on health status and lifestyle
    • Largest survey of its kind ever in NYC
  • Data reported and broken down into many different categories
    • More than just traditional demographic information (sex, age, ethnicity)
  • Detail will allow us to target services at the community level on a neighborhood-by-neighborhood basis, as needed
slide3

Neighborhoods Most in Need:

Harlem, So. Bronx, Central Brooklyn

annual deaths from smoking compared with other causes nyc 2001
Annual Deaths from Smoking Compared with Other CausesNYC, 2001

* Total includes smoking-related deaths

# Total includes 265 AA587 deaths

+ Total does not include 2,743 WTC deaths

colon cancer detection cure rates
Colon CancerDetection & Cure Rates

Early-Stage Detection Rates

Colorectal Cancer Cure Rates

rates of people living w hiv aids in manhattan vs nyc vs us calendar year 2001 rates per 1 000 pop
Rates of People Living w/HIV & AIDS in Manhattan vs. NYC vs. USCalendar Year 2001 – Rates per 1,000 Pop.

Figures as of 12/31/01

rates of new hiv diagnoses in manhattan vs nyc vs us calendar year 2001 rates per 1 000 pop
Rates of New HIV Diagnoses in Manhattan vs. NYC vs. USCalendar Year 2001 – Rates per 1,000 Pop.

Figures as of 12/31/01

there has been a resurgence of risky sexual behavior
There Has Been a Resurgence of Risky Sexual Behavior

Reported Primary and Secondary Syphilis Case Rates, NYC, 2000-2002

  • Syphilis cases more than doubled between 2000 and 2001, increased another 50% in 2002
  • Syphilis increase almost entirely among men, especially MSM
  • Foreshadowing future rise in HIV rates?
slide13
Diabetes Prevalence Has More than Doubled in NYC in the Past 8 Years Adults with Self-Reported Diabetes, NYC, 1994-2002
percent of overweight nyc residents bmi 25 by borough
Percent of Overweight NYC Residents (BMI > 25), by Borough

A woman 5’4” tall is considered overweight at 146 lbs. or more

A man 5’10” tall is considered overweight at 175 lbs. or more

percent of overweight manhattan residents bmi 25 by uhf neighborhood
Percent of Overweight Manhattan ResidentsBMI > 25, by UHF Neighborhood

A woman 5’4” tall is considered overweight at 146 lbs. or more

A man 5’10” tall is considered overweight at 175 lbs. or more

percent of obese nyc residents bmi 30 by borough
Percent of Obese NYC Residents(BMI > 30), by Borough

A woman 5’4” tall is considered obese at 175 lbs. or more

A man 5’10” tall is considered obese at 209 lbs. or more

percent of obese manhattan residents bmi 30 by uhf neighborhood
Percent of Obese Manhattan ResidentsBMI > 30, by UHF Neighborhood

A woman 5’4” tall is considered obese at 175 lbs. or more

A man 5’10” tall is considered obese at 209 lbs. or more

diabetes prevalence in nyc by borough 2002
Diabetes Prevalence in NYCBy Borough, 2002

Healthy People 2010 Goal: 2.5%

diabetes prevalence in nyc by ethnicity 2002
Diabetes Prevalence in NYCBy Ethnicity, 2002

Healthy People 2010 Goal: 2.5%

good diabetes management
Good Diabetes Management
  • Patient education and participation
    • “Know your ABCs”
      • A1c level below 7%
      • Blood pressure less than 130/80
      • Cholesterol (“bad” LDL cholesterol) less than 100
  • Clinical best practices
  • Systematic monitoring of and accountability for HbA1C, retinal, foot care
  • Cardiovascular disease prevention:
    • Smoking, blood pressure, lipid control
on abcs usa gets an f
On ABCs, USA Gets an “F”
  • People with diabetes who have adequately controlled blood sugar – 11%
  • People with hypertension who have adequately controlled blood pressure – 27%
  • People with high cholesterol who have adequately controlled hyperlipidemia – 27%

Despite spending 1 out of

every 7 dollars on health care!

slide23
Percent of NYC Adults Who Report One or More Binge Drinking Episodes>5 drinks at one time within past month (by Borough)

Healthy People 2010 Goal: 6%

slide24
Percent of Manhattan Adults Who Report One or More Binge Drinking Episodes>5 drinks at one time in past month (by UHF Neighborhood)

Healthy People 2010 Goal: 6%

trends in infant mortality nyc 1991 2001
Trends in Infant MortalityNYC, 1991-2001

HP 2000 Goal: 7.0

HP 2010 Goal: 4.5

infant mortality rate in manhattan by hcd 2001
Infant Mortality Rate in Manhattan by HCD, 2001

IMR and 95% Conf. Interval, and Citywide IMR

by Health Center District, NYC, 2001

NYC average IMR: 6.1

HP 2010 Goal: 4.5

asthma hospitalizations are decreasing but still more prevalent among low income neighborhoods
Asthma HospitalizationsAre DecreasingBut Still More Prevalent Among Low-Income Neighborhoods
slide30
Asthma Hospitalizations in ManhattanHospitalization rate of children under age 15,per 1,000 population, by UHF neighborhood
too few people are getting flu shots nyc 2001 influenza immunization data
Too Few People are GettingFlu ShotsNYC, 2001 Influenza Immunization Data

Healthy People 2010 Goal: 90%

gender and racial disparities in vaccinations nyc 2001 influenza immunization data
Gender and Racial Disparities in VaccinationsNYC, 2001 Influenza Immunization Data

Healthy People 2010 Goal: 90%

gender and racial disparities in vaccinations nyc 2001 pneumococcus immunization data
Gender and RacialDisparities in VaccinationsNYC, 2001 Pneumococcus Immunization Data

Healthy People 2010 Goal: 90%

slide34
Flu Immunizations in Manhattan vs. NYC vs. USNYC, 2001 Influenza Immunization Databy UHF Neighborhood

Healthy People 2010 Goal: 90%

10 things everyone should do to stay healthy
10 Things Everyone Should Do to Stay Healthy
  • Have a regular doctor or nurse practitioner
  • Don’t smoke and don’t accept smoking around you or your children
  • Know your vital signs and keep them healthy (blood pressure, cholesterol, weight)
  • Know your HIV status and use condoms to protect against HIV and other STDs
  • Don’t live with depression – seek help
10 things everyone should do to stay healthy36
10 Things Everyone Should Do to Stay Healthy
  • Know the warning signs of drug/alcohol abuse – ask your doctor to help.
  • Get screened for cancer, especially colon, cervical and breast
  • Get your shots – everyone needs immunizations
  • Live in a home free of violence
  • Be healthy before getting pregnant, plan your pregnancy, and get early and regular prenatal care