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Russia and Central Asia. Leading countries. GDP -- Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan Land Size --Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan Population --Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan. Physical Characteristics. Vast time zone--Spans two continents (Europe and Asia), covers 11 time zones

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leading countries
Leading countries
  • GDP-- Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan
  • Land Size--Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan
  • Population--Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan
physical characteristics
Physical Characteristics
  • Vast time zone--Spans two continents (Europe and Asia), covers 11 time zones
  • Vast area of tundra, taiga, permafrost, and steppe
  • varied climate regions
  • huge black earth belt (rich Chernozem soil)
  • Caucasus
  • Ural Mountains (divide Europe from Asia)
  • Siberia (the sleeping land), located east of the Urals
  • Major oil, natural gas, and mineral resoures
Many water features (be able to put on a map)
    • Volga River Ob River
    • Amur River Lake Baikal
    • Caspian Sea Aral Sea
    • Bering Strait
    • Pacific Ocean
    • Arctic Ocean
physical characteristics6
Physical Characteristics
  • Some rivers flow northward to the Arctic Ocean
economic characteristics
Economic Characteristics
  • Transition from communist to free market economy
  • Farming and Industry concentrated in the Fertile Triangle region, home of rich Chernozem soils (wheat farming)
Infrastructure--Trans Siberian Railroad plus systems of rivers, and canals and railroads
  • Energy resources--Hydroelectric power, oil and natural gas
economic characteristics cont
Economic characteristics cont.
  • Russian natural resources are not fully developed due to climate, limited transportation links, and vastness of the country
  • Foreign competition for investment in the region (oil pipeline)
  • widespread pollution
shrinking of the Aral Sea due to the diverting of rivers feeding the sea (irrigation)
  • political and economic difficulties after the breakup of the Soviet Union
  • cotton production in Central Asia
cultural characteristics
Cultural Characteristics
  • Diverse ethnic groups, customs, and traditions (many of Turkic and Mongol heritage)
  • Cultural Heritage
    • Ballet Fabergé eggs
    • Music Icons
    • Matrioshka dolls
    • Oriental carpets
    • Samovars
Cultural Landscape
  • -Russian Orthodox churches
  • -St. Basil’s Church
  • -Red Square
  • -Kremlin
  • -mosques, minarets
  • -Siberian villages
  • -Soviet style apartment blocks
cultural characteristics cont
Cultural characteristics cont.
  • Cities as a center of culture and trade
    • Moscow
    • St. Petersburg
    • Novosibirsk