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Metalinguistics. Definition It’s a ‘Meta’ Metacognition Metalinguistics Theorists: VanKleeck - Clark - Emergent-Literacy through VanKleeck. Metalinguistics Importance #2. Importance: the pinnacle of language development ability to analyze language use ‘higher forms’

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metalinguistics
Metalinguistics
  • Definition
  • It’s a ‘Meta’
    • Metacognition
    • Metalinguistics
  • Theorists:
    • VanKleeck -
    • Clark -
  • Emergent-Literacy through VanKleeck
metalinguistics importance 2
Metalinguistics Importance #2
  • Importance: the pinnacle of language development
    • ability to analyze language
    • use ‘higher forms’
    • oral language-literacy connection
aspects of metalinguistics 3
Aspects ofMetalinguistics#3
  • 1. Taxonomies
    • VanKleeck-more literacy focused
    • Clark more language focused
  • 2. Comprises
  • 1. Meta-components
      • meta p,p,s,s
  • 2. Performatives
    • humor
    • figurative language
      • idioms proverbs
      • metaphors similes
  • 3. Emergent Literacy
clark s taxonomy 1 6 4yrs
Clark’s Taxonomy, 1.6-4yrs
  • 1.6-2 years
    • Monitor’s one’s on-going utterances
      • repair spontaneously
      • practice sounds, words simple sentences
      • adjust one’s speech to different listeners
  • 3-4 years
    • Check the results of one’s utterance
      • check whether the listener has understood: if not repair
      • comment explicitly on own utterances and those of others
      • correct others
clark s taxonomy 3 4 yrs cont
Clark’s taxonomy, 3-4 yrs. cont.
  • 3-4 years, continued
    • test for reality
      • decide whether a word or sentence ‘works in furthering listener understanding
    • attempt to learn language deliberately
      • practice new sounds,words, sentences
      • practice speech styles of different roles
clark s taxonomy school age
Clark’s taxonomy, School-age
  • School-age
    • predict consequences of using particular forms (inflections, words, phrases sentences)
      • apply appropriate inflections to ‘new’ words
      • judge utterances as appropriate for a speech listener or setting
      • correct word order and wording in sentences judged as ‘wrong’
clark s taxonomy school age finish
Clark’s Taxonomy, School Age finish
  • reflect on the product of an utterance
    • identify specific linguistic units
    • explains why some sentences are possible and how to interpret them
    • provide definitions of words, multiple meaning words, synonyms, antonyms, homonyms
    • uses performatives
metalinguistic taxonomies
Metalinguistic Taxonomies
  • Clarks taxonomy
  • Van Kleecks (more emergent literacy focused)
    • Four Stages
    • Stage I (Age 1.6-2)
      • distinguishes Print from non-print
      • knows how to interact with books: right side up, turning from left to right
      • Recognizes some printed symbols brand names (logographic)
vankleeck s taxonomy vk2
VanKleeck’s Taxonomy#VK2
  • Phase II ( Ages 2-6)
    • ascertains word boundaries in spoken sentences
    • ascertains word boundaries in printed words
    • engages in word substitution play
    • plays with the sounds of the language
    • begins to talk about language parts of about talking ( speech acts)
    • corrects own speech/language to help the listener understand the message (spontaneously or in response to the listener request)
    • self-monitors own speech and makes changes to more closely approximate the adult model; phonological first, lexical and semantic speech style last
    • believes that a word is an integral part of the object to which it refers (word realism)
    • inability to consider that one word could have different meanings
van kleeck s taxonomy vk3
Van Kleeck’s Taxonomy #VK3
  • Stage 3 (ages 6-10)
    • Begins to take listener perspective and use language form to match
    • Understands verbal humor involving linguistic ambiguity: riddles
    • Able to resolve ambiguity
      • lexical first: homophones
      • deep structure (will you join me in a bowl of soup
      • morphologic/phonologic (What do you have if you put three ducks in a box? “A box of quackers)
van kleek s taxonomy vk4
Van Kleek’s Taxonomy #VK4
    • Able to understand word can have multiple meanings
    • Able to resequence language elements
      • (brown, the, fence fox, over, jumped, the)
    • Able to segment syllables into phonemes
    • Finds it difficult to appreciate Figurative Forms other than Idioms
  • Stage IV (Ages 10 +
    • Able to extend language meaning to figurative language ( hypothetical realms for metaphors, similes, parodies, analogies)
    • Able to manipulate various speech styles to fit a variety of contexts and listeners
metalinguistics s skills
Metalinguistics’s Skills
  • Metalinguistic Components
    • 1. Meta-components
      • meta p,p,s,s
        • Metapragmatics: ‘Why” it’s important to say “Thank you”
        • Metaphonology: phonemic awareness
        • Metasemantics: explaining what a word means, multiple meaning words, synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, multiple meaning words
        • Metasyntax: parts of speech, diagramming
metalinguistics components
Metalinguistics Components
  • 2. Performatives
  • humor
      • visual
      • verbal
        • inferential (deep structure)
        • ambiguity
  • figurative language
    • idioms: Strike a bargain, hop a plane, break a date
    • metaphors: Your teeth are like stars, they come out at night
    • proverbs: A penny saved, is a penny earned
    • analogies: A father is a man, a mother is a ….
    • Similes
metalinguistics components14
Metalinguistics Components
  • -3. Emergent Literacy
      • Text manipulation
      • Discourse Competency
      • Text Comprehension
      • Phonologic Awareness
metalinguistics summary
METALINGUISTICS Summary
  • 1. Definition
  • 2. Taxonomies
      • VanKleeck
      • Clark
  • 3. Components
    • 1. Meta-components: pragmatics, phonology, semantics, syntax
    • 2. Performatives
      • humor multiple meaning words
      • figurative language
        • idioms similes
        • proverbs metaphors
    • 3. Emergent Literacy