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www.lsuagcenter.com/lyn Louisiana Yards and Neighborhoods Landscapes For Wildlife Food Fruit-bearing Nectar plants Larval Plants Cover Water Puddling station Birdbaths Managing for Wildlife Weeds Nuisance Animals More Information Attracting Wildlife All Animals Need: Food Cover

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attracting wildlife
Food

Fruit-bearing

Nectar plants

Larval Plants

Cover

Water

Puddling station

Birdbaths

Managing for Wildlife

Weeds

Nuisance Animals

More Information

Attracting Wildlife
slide3

All Animals Need:

  • Food
    • Cover
    • Water
    • Space
  • Animals will only reside or forage in an
  • area that contains enough of these four
  • essential elements to maintain daily activities.

Habitat

slide4
Food
  • Fruit
  • Seeds
  • Insects
  • Nectar
  • Larval
  • Meat
  • Remember to provide food year-round, especially in winter.

Attract a variety of birds, reptiles, bats, butterflies and other insects

fruit bearing plants for louisiana
Fruit-bearing Plantsfor Louisiana

Muscadine Vitis sp

Beautyberry Calicarpa americana

slide7

FirethornPyracantha spp.

Large evergreen shrub

Bears flowers and fruit

Good wildlife food and cover

Full sun to partial shade

Does best in well-drained soil

slide8

Parsley Hawthorn

Crataegus marshallii

  • Large shrub
  • Flowers in spring
  • Fruits in fall
  • Very good for attracting birds that eat its fruit and nest in shrub
slide9

Pecan Carya spp.

  • Many varieties.
  • Prefers deep, fertile, well-drained soil.
  • Nuts are excellent human and wildlife food.
slide10

Hickory

  • In the genus Carya
  • Includes 12-13 species native to N.A.
  • Nuts used as food by many species of wildlife and leaves used by some larvae of butterflies and moths
mayhaws crataegus poaca and crataegus aestivalis
MayhawsCrataegus poaca and Crataegus aestivalis
  • Usually reach 20-30 feet tall at maturity.
  • Native to habitats that have low, wet and slightly acid soils.
  • Full sun to partial shade.
  • Berries ripen from mid-April to mid-May.
  • Fruit for human consumption and wildlife.
mulberry morus rubra
MulberryMorus rubra
  • Large, native tree ~ 40 ft
  • Full sun
  • Throughout Louisiana
  • Edible fruit in spring
  • Brittle bark, messy
holly ilex spp
Holly Ilex spp.
  • Native and introduced trees
  • Sun to partial shade
  • Range varies
  • Fruit remains through winter, attracting birds
  • Salt-, drought- and shade- tolerant
  • Suckers

Gallberry Ilex glabra

Dahoon Holly

Ilex cassine

slide14

Paw PawAsimina triloba

  • Humid growing zones.
  • Germinating seedlings need partial shade for 1st or 2nd year.
  • Fruiting mature plants need full sun.
  • Slightly acidic (ph 5.5-7) well-drained soil.
  • Mature – small tree seldom taller than 25 feet.
slide15

Good fruit-bearing plants for

wildlife not readily available

at retail stores.

chickasaw plum prunus angustifolia
Chickasaw PlumPrunus angustifolia
  • Native tree ~10 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms early spring
  • Edible fruit
  • Suckers tend to form thickets
elderberry sambucus canadensis
Elderberry Sambucus canadensis
  • Native shrub ~ 15 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Throughout Louisiana
  • Fragrant flowers year-round
  • Edible fruit
nectar plants for louisiana
Nectar Plantsfor Louisiana

Cardinal flowerLobelia cardinalis

Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis

ConeflowerEchinacea purpurea

slide19

Lantana spp.

  • Woody perennial
  • Sun or partial shade
  • Great for butterflies

Pentas spp.

  • Variety of flower colors
  • Moderately fertile soil that retains moisture well
  • Full sun to shade
  • Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds
golden dew drop duranta erecta
Golden Dew DropDuranta erecta
  • Shrub ~ 14 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms year-round
  • Throughout Louisiana
  • High drought tolerance
  • Attracts butterflies
porterweed stachytarpheta jamaicensis
PorterweedStachytarpheta jamaicensis
  • Native and non-native perennial ~ 4 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms year-round
  • Medium salt- and drought-tolerant

Red variety is non-native

coral honeysuckle lonicera sempervirens
Coral HoneysuckleLonicera sempervirens
  • Native vine
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms spring-fall
  • Throughout Louisiana
  • Attract butterflies and hummingbirds
virginia willow itea virginica
Virginia WillowItea virginica
  • Native shrub ~ 7 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms spring
  • Drought- and flood-tolerant
  • Suckers tend to form thickets
larval plants for louisiana
Larval Plantsfor Louisiana

Butterfly Matchweed Phyla nodiflora

Willow, Salix caroliniana is a larval host of the Viceroy

Adult and larvae of Phaon Crescent

Phyciodes phaon

red bay persia borbonia
Red BayPersia borbonia
  • Native tree ~ 40 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Throughout Louisiana
  • Drought- and salt-tolerant
  • Blooms in spring; attracts butterflies
  • Purple fruit attracts birds

Bays are larval food for the spicebush swallowtail

mexican milkweed asclepias spp
Mexican MilkweedAsclepias spp.
  • Shrub ~ 4 ft
  • Natives available
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms year-round
  • Throughout Louisiana
  • Drought-tolerant
  • Nectar attracts hummingbirds and butterflies

Larval host of Monarch and Queen

passion flower passiflora spp
Passion Flower Passiflora spp.
  • Vine
  • Native varieties available
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms year-round
  • Throughout Louisiana

Larval host of Gulf Fritillary

Does not sting

slide28

DillAnethum graveolens

  • Plant in cool weather
  • Full sun
  • Can grow up to 3 ft tall
  • Sow seeds close together
  • Good plant to attract caterpillars
  • Parsley
  • Full sun or light shade
  • Transplant plants to 9 inches apart
  • Must protect in cold weather with coverings such as straw
  • Good to attract caterpillars to your garden
cover
Cover
  • Vertical layers
  • Evergreen species for winter cover
  • Standing dead trees or “snags” if practical
  • Brush piles if practical
water
Water
  • Permanent water feature
  • Sound of running water attracts many animals

Puddling: Butterflies obtain water and minerals from liquid in pore spaces.

Puddling station

design a puddling station
Design a Puddling Station
  • Layer sand in saucer.
  • Add layer of compost.
  • Place pebbles on top.
  • Add water slowly (to pebble layer).
  • Place saucer on upside down pot.
birdbath
Birdbath
  • Shallow with mildly sloping sides
  • Rough surface
  • Keep clean
  • Rinse off any soap residue

Audubon Society recommends changing the water and cleaning bird baths weekly to avoid spreading avian diseases.

managing for wildlife
Managing for Wildlife
  • Vertical layers of vegetation.
  • Plant natives if possible.
  • Introduced plants also useful.
  • No pesticides!
  • Plant wild flowers or reduce mowing in certain areas of your property if possible.
  • Manage pets.

Long-tailed skipper feeding on Spanish needle.

plant wildflowers for wildlife

Coreopsis Coreopsis spp.

Plant Wildflowers for Wildlife

Horsemint Monarda punctata

Pokeweed Phytolacca americana

Blanket flowerGaillardia pulchella

tolerance of nuisance animals
Tolerance of Nuisance Animals

Herbivores (deer, rabbits, ducks, squirrels)

  • Contribute to food web, circle of life
  • Nets and fencing may protect fruits
  • Harassment or nest removal for non-natives

Diggers (moles, squirrels, armadillos, tortoises)

  • Bring nutrient to surface
  • Loosen & aerate soil
  • Feed on turf and landscape pests
  • Trapping and deterrents

Armadillo

Gray squirrel

Garden moles

slide36

Venomous Spiders and Disease-carrying

Insects to Avoid

Mosquito

Southern Black widow (male and female)

Brown Recluse

Ticks

poisonous snakes

Copperhead

Canebreak Rattlesnake

Coral Snake

Poisonous Snakes

Dusky Pygmy Rattlesnake

Water Moccasin

if you are bitten by a snake seek medical attention
IF YOU ARE BITTEN BY A SNAKE, SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION!
  • A snake controls how much venom is injected.
  • 50% of all snake bites are dry.
  • 25% are warning bites with enough venom to cause pain, swelling, tissue loss and possible limb loss.
  • 25% are potentially lethal.
more information
More Information
  • LSU AgCenterwww.lsuagcenter.com
  • Louisiana Dept of Ag. and Forestry
  • Louisiana Dept. of Wildlife and Fisheries
  • United States Fish and Wildlife Service
  • Local Audubon Society
further reading
Further Reading

Trees for Louisiana Landscapes-A Handbook. LSU AgCenter #1622 (online only).

Gardening for Butterflies in Louisiana. Gary Ross. LDWF.

Louisiana Backyard Wildlife Management. Bill Vermillion. LDWF.

Economy Bat House Plans. Batcon.org.

http://www.batcon.org/bhra/economyhouse.html.

Backyard Bird Feeding. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

http://library.fws.gov/Bird_Publications/feed.html.

Homes for Birds. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

http://library.fws.gov/Bird_Publications/house.html.

slide41

Acknowledgements

The LSU AgCenter thanks the Florida State

Extension Service for many materials and several

photos used in this presentation.