Islamic Civilization. Unity, Discipline, Organization. Arabia Before Muhammad. THE ARABS: During ancient times, the Arabs inhabited much of the area from the Arabian peninsula to the Euphrates River.
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Unity, Discipline, Organization
CONQUESTS BY 733: In the east, Islam’s territory eventually extended into India and to the borders of China. In the west, it encompassed North Africa and most of Spain. But the Muslims’ northward push lost momentum and was halted in 717 by the Byzantines at Constantinople and in 732 by the Franks at the Battle of Tours in Central France.
Major Religions of the World: August 9, 2007
Charismatic leaders, misreading religious texts, find arguments to justify holy war against anyone or any country believed to be promoting an "anti-Islam agenda." And socioeconomic conditions have made a large pool of young men susceptible to the argument that they can best serve Allah by donating their lives to the cause…. Fighting such extremism requires understanding that this is a war not between Islam and the West, but between certitude and open-mindedness, dogma and thought, prejudice and tolerance.”
--Stern, Jessica. "How Terrorists Hijacked Islam." USA Today (30 September 2001).
Saudi Arabia: Schoolgirls burned to death for not wearing scarves[March 27, 2002]
Fifteen schoolgirls died in a burning school building in Mecca, because they did not wear correct Islamic dress. Saudi Arabia's religious mutaween police, the so-called "Commission for the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice", stopped them from leaving the blazing building, because they were without headscarves and abayas (black robes)….A policeman was seen beating a girl, who escaped, and forcing her back into the flames…. Police also stopped firemen and other helpers, who tried to rescue the girls, warning it was "sinful" to come near them. A school guard refused despite the pleas of a girl's father to unlock the gates, when the fire broke out. The authorities used to keep the school locked to make sure that boys and girls remained strictly apart…. The mutaweenare all-powerful in Saudi Arabia and normally nobody dares to criticize them. They …beat up or arrest and jail anybody, who doesn't obey their orders, when they patrol the streets to enforce the strict Islamic dress code and the practicing of the prescribed prayers and harass those who indulge in forbidden contact between men and women.
A Child’s Kingdom