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Maintenance & Monitoring Exchange Environment. Tzahi Kolber IT Supervisor - Polycom Israel. What will we cover:. Exchange Maintenance types. Exchange Frequent Maintenance. Exchange Server 2003 Monitoring. Exchange Server 2007 Monitoring & Reporting. Problems and Concerns. Maintenance:

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maintenance monitoring exchange environment

Maintenance & Monitoring Exchange Environment

Tzahi KolberIT Supervisor - Polycom Israel

what will we cover
What will we cover:
  • Exchange Maintenance types.
  • Exchange Frequent Maintenance.
  • Exchange Server 2003 Monitoring.
  • Exchange Server 2007 Monitoring & Reporting.
slide3

Problems and Concerns

  • Maintenance:
    • Keep server running with the minimum of downtime (do it as faster as possible).
    • Maintain the server for getting the best performance ALL the time.
    • Prevent security issues that can harm the / crash the server (WU / AV, open ports etc).
    • Different maintenance plan to different intervals (Daily / Weekly / Monthly…).
    • DRP / Backups / Network load?
  • Monitoring:
    • Dynamically change the monitoring parameters VS. the server changes (HW / Performance / etc).
    • Use different ways for alert (email / SMS / Monitor).
exchange maintenance types
Exchange maintenance types
  • Online Maintenance.
  • Manual maintenance base on frequent time frame (including security maintenance for the OS and Apps).
  • DRP / Backups / Network.
slide6

Online Maintenance

  • Not clash with backup schedules
  • Database size (what recommended VS. what can be done).
  • Purge Indices (public and mailbox stores)
  • Tombstone Maintenance (public and mailbox stores)
  • Dumpster Cleanup (public and mailbox stores)
  • Cleanup Deleted Mailboxes (mailbox stores)
  • Events for each Database processed
    • 700 Defrag Started
    • 701 Defrag Ended
    • 1221 The Defrag ended and the amount of free space in DB.
eseutil switches
ESEUtil switches
  • /D = Defrag Mode
    • New signatures
    • Log files mismatch, immediate backup required
    • /T can be used to specify alternate location for the temp files
  • /M = Dump headers (/ML, /MK, /MH)
  • /R = Recovery performs soft recovery
  • /K = Integrity Check for Snapshots
  • /G = Checks Integrity at the ESE Level
    • No Changes Are Made, This is a reporting Tool
  • /F = Copy Mode
  • /C = Hard Recovery Mode (direct to restore.env)
    • /CC = Force Hard Recovery
    • /CM Dump the restore.env file header
  • /P = Repair
    • /P
      • /CreateSTM
    • When to perform a repair
    • /p  /d  “Isinteg –fix –test alltests”
dumping file headers using eseutil
Dumping File Headers using ESEUtil
  • Database Header
    • Database signature, log signature
    • State: Consistent or Inconsistent
  • Checkpoint Header
    • Shows checkpoint log file and signature
  • Transaction Log File Headers
    • Generation number
    • Log file signature
    • The attached databases
offline defrag yes no
Offline Defrag – Yes / No ???
  • What should I consider before offline defrag?

- Backup, Backup, Backup – ALL three !!!

  • How frequent should I defrag the DB:

- Depends on 1221 event and disk space that you have.

  • What options do I have?

- Most common: eseutil /d priv1.edb /te:\tempedb.edb (e - is the alternet location).

  • What should I consider after offline defrag?

- Backup, Backup, Backup – ALL three !!!

Main reason – signature changes.

exchange daily weekly maintenance
Exchange Daily / Weekly maintenance
  • Examine the Windows Event Logs for Exchange warnings and errors.
  • Check Backup Jobs.
  • Check Performance Monitors / task manager.
  • Check disk usage / connectors status.
  • Check Security (AV / WU / etc) Updates.
  • http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa997037.aspx
email chain monthly maintenance
Email chainMonthly maintenance
  • Security Checks (penetration tests).
  • Capacity Planning (mailboxes / HW load, Network).
  • Disaster Recovery Tests (Backup / Restore, including AD).
  • Document changes in the email chain (components, HW, drive letters, etc).
  • http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa997037.aspx
  • http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=c5133f35-8e10-4477-b31c-bfd1dc09ab1e&displaylang=en
  • http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=c5133f35-8e10-4477-b31c-bfd1dc09ab1e&displaylang=en
drp backups network
DRP / Backups / Network.
  • Check options for DRP compatibilities:

Storage (snapshots), Geo Cluster, Cluster, Dual NIC, Mirror disks, LCR, CCR.

  • Check backups by restoring DB to RSG, save tapes in off site, check backups logs.
  • Keep documents of the mail flow & Exchange configuration.
  • Keep printed procedures in case of DR.
  • Check Network performance, updated driver’s NICs, use VLANs if possible.
exchange monitoring
Exchange Monitoring
  • Many excellent monitoring software ($$$...)

- CA: TNG Unicenter.

- HP: OVO.

- Microsoft: MOM 2007.

- NetIQ: AppManager 7

  • Many good (built in) software – Free !!!

- Performance Monitor.

- Exchange Notification services.

- SNMP based monitoring that arrives with the hardware vendors (CIM, Tivoli, Open Manage).

exchange monitoring using perfmon
Exchange Monitoring - using perfmon
  • Configure performance monitor in Administrative Tools to set thresholds and alerts.
  • Use it not only for Exchange….
exchange 2007 monitoring reporting
Exchange 2007 Monitoring & Reporting
  • Get-PublicFolderStatistics -Identity \Marketing | fl
  • Get-MailboxStatistics -Database "Mailbox Database"
  • Get-MailboxStatistics | Where {$_.DisconnectDate -ne $null}
  • get-MailboxStatistics | select DisplayName, TotalItemSize, TotalDeletedItemsize, DatabaseName | format-table or export-csv c:\mbexport.csv
  • get-mailbox -filter {Office -eq “Boston” } | select name,office, *quota | sort name | export-csv export.csv
exbpa exchange best practice analayzer
EXBPA – Exchange Best practice Analayzer.
  • EXBPA collects settings and values from data repositories such as Active Directory, registry, metabase and performance monitor.
  • EXBPA analyze the data and create reports and solutions in order to achieve greater performance, scalability and uptime.
  • Built in Exchange 2007 (including updates).
  • http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=DBAB201F-4BEE-4943-AC22-E2DDBD258DF3
some useful links
Some Useful links……
  • http://www.petri.co.il/defragment_exchange_2000_2003_server_databases.htm
  • http://www.msexchange.org/tutorials/Exchange-ISINTEG-ESEUTIL.html
  • http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=DBAB201F-4BEE-4943-AC22-E2DDBD258DF3&displaylang=en
  • http://www.msexchange.org/tutorials/Managing-Exchange-2003-MOM-2005-Part1.html
  • http://www.microsoft.com/learning/syllabi/en-us/5051afinal.mspx
  • http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa997949.aspx
questions
Questions?

Thank you !