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ISLAMISM IN EGYPT

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ISLAMISM IN EGYPT WHAT IS POLITICAL ISLAM Perception vs. Reality What are the popular perceptions? What does Charles Hirschkind say? The political and non-political Moving beyond Din wa Dawla ISLAMISM What is it? What is a Social Movement?

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what is political islam
WHAT IS POLITICAL ISLAM
  • Perception vs. Reality
  • What are the popular perceptions?
  • What does Charles Hirschkind say?
  • The political and non-political
  • Moving beyond Din wa Dawla
islamism
ISLAMISM
  • What is it?
  • What is a Social Movement?
    • “Collective challenges to existing arrangements of power and distribution by people with common purposes and solidarity, in sustained interaction with elites, opponents, and authorities”
    • What does that really mean?
  • Focusing on methods employed by challengers
    • Disruptive vs. Moderate tactics
  • The Problem of Institutionalization
  • Repression-Moderation Dilemma
case study of islamism why the muslim brotherhood in egypt
CASE STUDY OF ISLAMISM: WHY THE MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD IN EGYPT
  • Most powerful opposition to the Egyptian regime. They are banned. Can they tell us more about Islamist movements in the Middle East?
  • Historical context
  • Anthropological Perspective
  • Social Movement Theories
  • Political Science
egyptian history political structures
EGYPTIAN HISTORY: POLITICAL STRUCTURES
  • Islamic History in Egypt
  • Ottoman Empire
  • British Colonialism
  • Rise of the Muslim Brotherhood
  • Nasser (1952-1973): Arab Socialism
  • Sadat (1973-1981): Liberalization
  • Mubarak (1981-Present): Religious Awakening and Gil as-Sab`inat (The 70s generation)
radicalism case study al gama a al islamiyyah
RADICALISM: CASE STUDY AL-GAMA`A AL-ISLAMIYYAH
  • Isolated in Upper Egypt in 1980s
  • Ran 150 mosques, conferences in mosques
  • Developed their own security
  • 1990: Security Forces assassinated `Ala’ Muhyi al-Din (Spokesperson of the al-Gama`a)
  • Gama`a in retaliation killed Speaker of the Parliament
  • March 1992: Sectarian clashes
1995 parliamentary elections
1995 PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS
  • 53 Died; 601 injured
  • Jan 22, 1995: 27 MBs arrested
  • July 28, 1995: 200 arrested
  • Sept, 1995: 5 arrested
  • Oct, 1995: 21 arrested
  • Nov, 1995: 6 arrested
  • Dec, 1995: 95 arrested
  • Total 81 transferred to military courts: 54 sent to jail for 3-5 years; 27 found innocent
a look at the engineers association
A LOOK AT THE ENGINEERS’ ASSOCIATION
  • Engineers’ Assoc. also PA that Madi led as second in command. Looking at 1988-1995
  • Nov. 1988: Conference on affordable housing with Minister of Housing and Development
  • Jan. 1989: Seminar on unemployment in Egyptian society and engineers
  • Feb. 1990: Seminar on Freedom and Development
  • Feb 19-21, 1992: Seminar on the debates within Sciences, Research, and Development
  • June 1992: Seminar on Terrorism—Causes, Effects, and Possible Solutions
  • Nov 1994: Seminar on improving engineering education globally
  • Engineers’ Assoc had 40 committees: Treasury, Housing, Sinai Development, Rebuilding effort in Lebanon and Bosnia, etc.
  • Annual Syndical Conferences were held where PAs discussed everything from development to national health issues , unemployment, civil liberties, domestic policies, research, torture, international relations, etc
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