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Chapter 4 The Aegean Art. Identify the geographic area known as the Aegean. Discuss the visual aspects and possible context of the Cycladic sculptures. Discuss Minoan society and architecture. Understand visual aspects of Minoan art.

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chapter 4 the aegean art
Chapter 4

The Aegean Art

goals
Identify the geographic area known as the Aegean.

Discuss the visual aspects and possible context of the Cycladic sculptures.

Discuss Minoan society and architecture.

Understand visual aspects of Minoan art.

Understand the link between culture and architecture of Mycenae

Identify important Mycenaean architectural achievements.

Discuss the relationship between Minoan and Mycenaean art and culture

Goals
slide4
Aegean Bronze Age—using metal ores imported from Europe, Arabia, and Anatolia they then make beautiful objects they export

Egypt and the peoples of the Ancient near east were especially important trading partners

Dates are relative and approximate with this time

4 1 cycladic art
Identify the geographic area known as the Aegean and the specific area of the Cycladic Islands.

Discuss the visual aspects and possible context of the Cycladic sculptures

4.1 Cycladic Art
slide8
Left no known written records, all we have is art to tell us about their culture

Islands specifically of Naxos and Paros had ample supply of white marble

The Islands of the Cyclades

slide9
Figurine of a woman, from Syros (Cyclades), Greece, ca. 2500–2300 BCE. Marble, 1’ 6” high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
slide10
Made of marble

2500-2200 BCE

Ranges from a few inches in length to 5 feet

Simple forms because stone fractures easily

Females are more abundant than males

Figures often found lying on graves—position seems to be that of lying down (folded arms, head upright, toes pointed down)

Originally had painted facial features, hair, and ornaments in black, red, and blue

Cycladic Females

slide11
Male? Lyre player, from Keros (Cyclades), Greece, ca. 2700–2500 BCE. Marble, 9” high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
4 2 minoan culture and art
Discuss the mythology behind the Minoan culture and architecture.

Understand the elements and nature of Minoan palace architecture.

Examine the medium, methods, and imagery of Minoan wall painting.

Explore the developments of Minoan pottery.

4.2 Minoan Culture and Art
slide19
Minoan Periods:

Old Palace Period 1900-1700 BCE

New Palace Period 1700-1450 BCE

stairwell in the residential quarter of the palace at knossos crete greece ca 1700 1400 bce
Stairwell in the residential quarter of the palace at Knossos (Crete), Greece, ca. 1700–1400 BCE.
figure 4 4 aerial view looking northeast of the palace at knossos crete greece ca 1700 1400 bce
Figure 4-4 Aerial view (looking northeast) of the palace at Knossos (Crete), Greece, ca. 1700–1400 BCE.
minoan architecture
Understand the elements and nature of Minoan palace architecture.

What was the “labyrinth” of the Minotaur and how does the palace at Knossos fit that description?

Describe some of the remarkable achievements of Minoan architecture.

Minoan Architecture
the development of minoan sculpture
Describe the materials used in the making of pottery in the Minoan culture.

What is the predominant imagery in the painted images in Minoan pottery?

The Development of Minoan Sculpture
slide31
Snake Goddess, from the palace at Knossos (Crete), Greece, ca. 1600 BCE. Faience, 1’ 1 1/2” high. Archaeological Museum, Herakleion.
octopus jar from palaikastro crete greece ca 1500 bce 11 high archaeological museum herakleion
Octopus jar, from Palaikastro (Crete), Greece, ca. 1500 BCE. 11” high. Archaeological Museum, Herakleion.
slide37

Bull-leaping, from the palace at Knossos (Crete), Greece, ca. 1450–1400 BCE. Fresco, 2’ 8” high, including border. Archaeological Museum, Herakleion.

minoan wall painting
What is the subject matter and style seen in Minoan wall paintings?

What materials and methods were typically used?

Compare the fresco in the next slide with Egyptian wall painting.

Minoan Wall Painting
4 3 mycenaean culture and art
Relate significant aspects of archeological excavations at Mycenae.

Understand the link between culture and architecture of Mycenae.

Discuss the relationship between Minoan and Mycenaean art and culture.

4.3 Mycenaean Culture and Art
figure 4 17 three methods of spanning a passageway a post and lintel b corbeled arch c arch
Figure 4-17 Three methods of spanning a passageway: (a) post and lintel, (b) corbeled arch, (c) arch.
plan of the palace and southern part of the citadel tiryns greece ca 1400 1200 bce
Plan of the palace and southern part of the citadel, Tiryns, Greece, ca. 1400–1200 BCE.
mycenean art and architecture
Describe how the Mycenean palaces are different from the Minoan palaces.

Discuss the relationship between Minoan and Mycenaean art and culture.

Mycenean Art and Architecture
discussion questions
What do you think are possible functions for the Cycladic sculptures?
  • Compare the Egyptian Old Kingdom and New Kingdom [Armana period] styles of wall painting with Minoan wall paintings.
  • What was the focus of Minoan art? Did they emphasize the afterlife?
  • Why do you think the Minoan civilization declined? Give reasons for your ideas.
  • Compare and contrast Minoan and Mycenaean art and architecture. Despite exhibiting the influence of Minoan art, why did Mycenaean art and architecture develop along different lines?
Discussion Questions
slide57
NEXT WEEK:

GREEK WEEK!!!!!!!