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Amateur Radio in Public Safety and Emergency Response. ARES and RACES In Southern Illinois. What is amateur radio?. Operators are licensed and regulated by the Federal Communications Commission

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Presentation Transcript
what is amateur radio
What is amateur radio?
  • Operators are licensed and regulated by the Federal Communications Commission
  • Local communications occur on VHF (2m) and UHF (70 cm) bands, accessible by hams with Technician Class licenses
  • Nationwide and transcontinental communications occur on the HF bands, 10m to 160m, and require a General Class or higher license.
amateur radio licenses
Amateur Radio Licenses
  • Technician Class – 35 multiple choice questions
  • “General Class – 35 question exam in addition to Tech credit
  • Extra Class – 50 question exam, highly technical radio frequency electronics
achieving an fcc license
Achieving an FCC License
  • Question pools and explanatory material easily obtainable in affordable books
  • Testing available monthly – Carbondale on Tuesday nights, Marion on Saturday mornings – testing site alternates
  • $12 exam fee permits testing for any number of “elements” (2-Technician, 3-General, 4-Extra)
  • $12 additional to retest failed element
ares amateur radio emergency service
ARESAmateur Radio Emergency Service
  • A public service organization Sponsored by ARRL
what is arrl
The United States government began licensing Amateur Radio operators in 1912. In May 1914 the American Radio Relay League (ARRL) was founded. Today ARRL, with approximately 163,000 members, is the largest organization of radio amateurs in the United States. The ARRL is a not-for-profit organization that:

promotes interest in Amateur Radio communications and experimentation

represents US radio amateurs in legislative matters, and

maintains fraternalism and a high standard of conduct among Amateur Radio operators.

What is ARRL?
what ares does provides emergency communications to assist public safety and welfare agencies
Municipal, city, and auxiliary police

County sheriff departments

State police

Municipal, township, and county fire and rescue

Red Cross, Salvation Army, FEMA

Hospitals, shelters, disaster relief workers, disaster victims

VHF and UHF local communications via repeater or simplex

HF communications to distant locations in the event of widespread disaster

Digital mode (packet radio, PSK31, etc.) for information transfer when fax and Internet are down

Smooth interface and help for served agencies

What ARES Does:provides emergency communicationsto assist public safety and welfare agencies
noaa county warning areas
NOAA County Warning Areas
  • Southern Illinois ARES includes the southeast district in white
  • Currently have members in Perry, Jackson, Williamson, and Franklin Counties
  • Seeking more members
general qualifications for ares participation
General qualifications for ARES participation
  • Valid FCC license in the amateur radio service
  • Technician, Tech Plus, General, Advanced, Extra are all welcome and needed
  • Membership in ARRL only required for county Emergency Coordinator and above
  • Registration of your call sign and “station’s” capabilities with ARRL: base station VHF/UHF/HF, mobile VHF/UHF/HF, handheld equipment, digital modes expertise, etc.
southern illinois ares recommended qualifications
Southern Illinois ARES recommended qualifications
  • Completion of ARECC (Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Course) Level I may become a requirement
  • Willingness to train and drill with the ARES unit absolutely must be demonstrated before ARES leadership will include you in an emergency deployment
  • Completion of ARECC Levels 2 and 3 will be highly desired

What is RACES?Founded in 1952, the Radio Amateur Civil Emergency Service (RACES) is a public service provided by a reserve (volunteer) communications group within government agencies in times of extraordinary need. During periods of RACES activation, certified unpaid personnel are called upon to perform many tasks for the government agencies they serve. Although the exact nature of each activation will be different, the common thread is communications.The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) provides planning guidance and technical assistance for establishing a RACES organization at the state and local level.

why both ares races
Why both ARES & RACES?
  • RACES is activated by government emergency management officials.
  • That accountability can result in closer working relationships between professional first responders and volunteer emcomm teams, inclusion in the process of planning the emergency response.
arecc level i topics 1
ARECC Level I Topics, 1
  • Amateurs as professionals, the served agency relationship
  • Emergency communications organizations and systems
  • Served agency communication systems
  • Basic communications skills
  • Introduction to emergency nets
  • Basic message handling
  • Special events as training opportunities
  • The Incident Command System
arecc level i topics 2
ARECC Level I Topics, 2
  • Preparing for deployment
  • Equipment choices for emergency communication
  • Emergency activation
  • Setup, initial operations, and shutdown
  • Operations and logistics
  • Personal safety, survival, and health
amateurs as professionals the served agency relationship
Amateurs as Professionals:The Served Agency Relationship
  • The public welfare is the purpose of the Amateur Radio Emergency Service
  • The public welfare is the priority of public safety agencies whose charge it is to respond professionally and effectively to emergency situations
  • If “served agencies” have reservations about the professionalism of an ARES unit, that unit will not gain acceptance by the very agencies it wishes to serve and will be either marginalized or ignored altogether
arecc level ii 1
ARECC Level II, 1
  • Net Control Stations
  • Working with volunteers
  • Liaison with public safety officials
  • More on serving “served” agencies
  • Official Emergency Station
  • Net managers
  • Training others
  • ARRL Simulated Emergency Test
arecc level ii 2
ARECC Level II, 2
  • Mutual assistance: ARESMAT
  • Memoranda of understanding (MOU’s)
  • FCC Emergency Frequency Declarations
  • Severe weather – SKYWARN
  • Hazardous material (hazmat) incidents
  • Hospital emergency communications