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The Tide of War Turns. I. Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. A. Fredericksburg. Hooker. McClellan. Frustrated by McClellan’s Lincoln replaced him with Ambrose Burnside Burnside went after Richmond through Fredericksburg Was slowed down waiting for supplies to cross the Rappahannock

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Frustrated by McClellan’s Lincoln replaced him with Ambrose Burnside

Burnside went after Richmond through Fredericksburg

Was slowed down waiting for supplies to cross the Rappahannock

Burnside order a retreat after suffering heavy casualties

USA – 12,600 CSA 5,300

Burnside stepped down and was replaced by Joseph Hooker




April 1863 Hooker’s men attacked Fredericksburg

He sent the majority off to approach the Confederate’s flank and took a defensive position in Chancellorsville

Lee used most of his men to attack and cut the Union in two – they were forced to retreat

Stonewall Jackson, Lee’s most trusted General was accidently killed by his own men


Lee was hoping for a victory in the North as he made his way towards Pennsylvania

A confederate raiding party went to Gettysburg for boots and other supplies – they ran into Union forces and exchanged fire

The Union regrouped and took a defensive position

Lee’s second in command Longstreet suggested that they move east and take defensive positions as well – Lee said no, he thought his troops were invincible

Lee and Longstreet


Lee attempted to capture an area called Little Round Top

  • The Union position was saved by Colonel Chamberlain

Joshua Chamberlain




Day Three Lee against Longstreet’s recommendation attack the center of the Union line at Cemetery Ridge

Confederates attempted to weaken the Union with artillery, their barrage did little damage

In the late afternoon Pickett led the failed Confederate charge

With the arrival of Union reinforcements, Lee retreated

Meade did not pursue

Pickett’s Charge

Gettysburg was the turning point of the war, along with the victory at Vicksburg

Northerners now believed the North could win

After Gettysburg Britain and France refused to help the Confederates – Cotton Diplomacy had failed

Was given on November 19, 1863

Honored the men that died at Gettysburg

Reminded people of the reasons why the war was being fought

a wilderness campaign in the east
A. Wilderness Campaign in the East

Series of battles designed to capture Richmond

Union forces suffered losses twice as high as the Confederates – Grant knew he was getting more

b sherman strikes the south
B. Sherman Strikes the South
  • Lincoln needed a victory to help with his reelection campaign – Provided by William Tecumseh Sherman
  • Sherman took Atlanta and then moved on to Savannah, using total war – destroying everything in his path
a fighting ends
A. Fighting Ends

By the Second week of April 1865 Grant had Lee surrounded and had cut off his escaped route

April 9, 1865 Lee surrendered to Grant in the small town of Appomattox Courthouse

Lee’s men were allowed to keep their horses and were not tried for treason

b the effects of the war
B. The Effects of the War
  • 620,000 Americans died
  • Slavery ended
  • The Southern economy was ruined
  • Hostility remained between the North and South