(IN)FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT August 2011
Are You… ASSESSMENT SAVVY? • Skilled in gathering accurate information about students learning? • Using it effectively to promote further learning?
Workshop Objectives • Describe 3 types of assessments and identify the purpose of each (why) • Identify assessment targets (what) • Explain various methods of assessment (how) • Apply assessment information to current teaching experience Understand the various reasons as to why assessment is essential in teaching/learning
HOW DO YOU ASSESS? List some ways you typically assess students in your classroom. 1. 2. 3. 4.
WHEN DO YOU ASSESS? Traditionally, teachers have assessed students at the end of an instructional unit or sequence. However, when assessment and instruction are interwoven, both the students and the teacher benefit.
ASSESSMENT PROCESS Pre – Assessment Summative Assessment (Assessment OF Learning) Formative Assessment(Assessment FOR Learning)
PRE-ASSESSMENT • The purpose of pre-assessment is to determine what students know about a topic before it is taught. • Pre-assessment will help the teacher determine flexible grouping patterns and should be used regularly.
Checklist Pre-test KWL Charts Graphic Organizers Pre-test Student Discussions Student Demonstrations Student Products Student Work Samples Show of hands/EPR (Every Pupil Response) Standardized Test Data Teacher Observation Writing Prompts Writing Samples Pre-Assessment Strategies
FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT Assessments FOR learning happens while learning is still underway. These are assessments that: • are conducted throughout teaching and learning to diagnose student needs • plan the next steps in instruction • provide students with feedback they can use to improve the quality of their work • help students see and feel how they are in control of their journey to success
FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT This Type of Assessment is NOT about accountability… it is about GETTING BETTER!!
FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT SevenStrategies • Where am I going? • Provide a clear and understandable vision of the learning target
What Can Be Assessed? ACHIEVEMENT TARGETS Knowledge Mastery Reasoning Proficiency Performance Skills Ability to Create Products
FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT SevenStrategies • Where am I going? • Provide a clear and understandable vision of the learning target • Use examples and models of strong and weak work
FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT SevenStrategies Where am I now? 3. Offer regular descriptive feedback. 4. Teach students to self-assess and set goals.
FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT SevenStrategies • How can I close the gap?? • Design lessons to focus on one aspect of quality at a time. • Teach students focused revision. • 7. Engage students in self-reflection, and let them keep track of and share their learning.
Formative Assessment Strategies • Conference • Cooperative Learning Activities • Demonstrations • Exit Card • Graphic Organizers • “I Learned” Statements • Interviews • Journal Entry • KWLs • Learning Logs • Oral Attitude Surveys • Oral Presentations • Peer Evaluations • Problem Solving Activities • Products • Questioning • Quiz • Response Groups • Self-Evaluations
SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT This type of assessment is a successful end product and/or the fulfilling of the pre-stated objective.
SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT A summative assessment/evaluation is designed to: • provide information • make judgments about student achievement at the end of a sequence of instruction, (e.g., final drafts/attempts, tests, exam, assignments, projects, performances) It is a means to determine a student’s mastery and understanding of information, skills, concepts, or processes.
Unit Test Performance Task Product/Exhibit Demonstration Portfolio Review Summative Assessment Strategies
The Assessment–Instruction Process Pre – Assessment “finding out” Summative Assessment “making sure” Formative Assessment “checking in” “feedback” “student involvement”
What types of Assessment Methods Can Be Used? ASSESSMENT METHODS Selected Response Extended Written Response Performance Assessments Personal Communication
What types of Assessment Methods Can Be Used? ASSESSMENT METHODS Selected Response Students select the correct/best response from a list provided Multiple choice, true/false, matching, short answer, fill-in questions
What types of Assessment Methods Can Be Used? ASSESSMENT METHODS Extended Written Response Students construct a written answer in response to a question or task Compare …… Analyze…… Interpret…. Solve a problem and explain work… Describe in detail…
What types of Assessment Methods Can Be Used? ASSESSMENT METHODS Performances: *playing an instrument, *carrying out steps in an experiment *speaking in a foreign language *working productively in a group Assessment is based on observing a performance/product and making a judgment Performance Assessments Products: *term paper *lab report *work of art
What types of Assessment Methods Can Be Used? ASSESSMENT METHODS Determine what a student has learned through personal interaction with them *Responding to journals/logs *Asking questions during instruction *Interviewing students in conferences *Giving examinations orally Personal Communication
Matching Assessment Targets and Methods Methods Targets Performance Assessment Personal Communication Extended Written Response Selected Response Knowledge Mastery Match the assessments at your table with the target and method Reasoning Proficiency Skills Ability to Create Products
Classroom Assessments Some teachers Some teachers talk about: talk about: LEARNINGGRADES • Can these co-exist peacefully? • Should one receive emphasis over the other? VERSUS
SOME FINAL THOUGHTS Formative Assessment: • Refers to what happens on a daily basis in the classroom • Provides teachers with information about specific next instructional steps for students: Assessment Drives Instruction. • Students know where they are at instructionally and where they need to go • On-going assessment provides continual feedback that helps students progress over time