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Residual stress measurements completed using SMARTS

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  1. Residual stress measurements completed using SMARTS • Spectrometer forMAterialsResearch atTemperature andStress • Spatially resolved measurements • Residual strains in components • In situ measurements • Strains as a function of stress, temperature, environment, … • Instrument Scientists: • Donald W. Brown • Bjørn Clausen • Thomas A. Sisneros

  2. K Q d K i l = 2dsinq q 2 d Information Obtained from Diffraction Measurements • Bragg’s law relates the wavelength, the lattice spacing and the scattering angle

  3. Stresses from Measured Strains • Three normal stress components can be calculated from the three measured normal strain components via Hooke’s Law • The measured strains have to be representative of the bulk • Since we cannot measure shear strains, there is no information about shear stresses • If the three measured strain components are not along the principal strain directions, there will be unknown shear stresses • If six or more normal strain components are measured one can determine the full strain and stress tensors

  4. Instrument Geometry Allows 2 Strain Components to be Determined Simultaneously Normal Strain Transverse Strain Radial Collimators Radial Collimators -90° detector 90° detector