NGO Management Plan. VESTA: education activities towards the strengthening of vulnerable groups in Vietnam Hanoi 26/5/2009 – 30/5/2008 Stamatina Poulou. INTRODUCTION. The development of a comprehensive non profit policy
VESTA: education activities towards the strengthening of vulnerable groups in Vietnam
Hanoi 26/5/2009 – 30/5/2008
The development of a comprehensive non profit policy
The growth in socially responsible investment among banks, insurers, and e.t.c
The 14 principles of management from Henri Fayol (1841-1925) are:
The hierarchy of needs model
The expectance theory expectations
Theory x & Theory Y
Maslow assumes that it is much easier for a person who has experienced need gratification in early childhood to manage deprivation later in life and very difficult for those who have not had that experience.
The physiological needs. These include the needs in order to survive like oxygen, water, food e.t.c.
The safety and security needs. When the physiological needs are fulfilled the person become interested in finding safe circumstances, stability, protection.
The love and belonging needs. When physiological needs and safety needs fulfilled the person begin to feel the need for friends, affectionate relationships in general, even a sense of community.
The esteem needs.
The lower one version is the need for the respect of others, the need for status, fame, glory, recognition, attention, reputation, appreciation, dignity, even dominance. The higher form involves the need for self-respect, including such feelings as confidence, competence, achievement, mastery, independence, and freedom.
Description of expectancy theory
Vroom’s theory assumes that behavior is a result from conscious choices among alternatives. The purpose of the choices is to maximize pleasure and minimize pain.
This model deals with the direction aspect of motivation, that is, once behavior is energized, what behavioral alternatives are individuals likely to pursue.
The following are propositions of Expectancy Theory:
When deciding among behavioral options, individuals select the option with the greatest motivation forces.
Expectancy- Probability: The expectancy is the belief that one's effort will result is attainment of desired performance goals.
Instrumentality- Probability : The instrumentality is the belief that if one does meet performance expectations, he or she will receive a greater reward.
It is important to note that when it is perceived that valued rewards follow all levels of performance, then instrumentality is low.
Valance: The valance refers the value the individual personally places on the rewards. This is a function of his or her needs, goals, values and Sources of Motivation
Theory y ('participative management' style)