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NTRA Highlights. Regulatory Framework Telecom Act No. 10/2003. Ensures transparency between operators Guarantees the independence of NTRA Protects Consumer Rights Handles Scarce Resources owned by the state Provision of Universal Service Sets rules for licensing new services

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regulatory framework telecom act no 10 2003
Regulatory Framework Telecom Act No. 10/2003
  • Ensures transparency between operators
  • Guarantees the independence of NTRA
  • Protects Consumer Rights
  • Handles Scarce Resources owned by the state
  • Provision of Universal Service
  • Sets rules for licensing new services
    • Juristic personality
    • Financial independency
ntra s mandate and scope of work
NTRA’s mandate and scope of work
  • Licensing
    • Universal Service Obligations (USO)
    • Interconnection
  • Scarce Resources
    • Spectrum Management
    • Numbering
  • Dispute Settlement
    • Autonomity of NTRA decisions
    • Arbitration
ntra s mandate and scope of work cont d
NTRA’s mandate and scope of work cont’d
  • Pricing
    • Retail
    • Wholesale
  • Consumer Rights
  • Quality of Service (QoS)
fixed line market
Fixed Line Market
  • Fixed Network
    • Unbundling of the Local Loop
    • TE Licensing
  • Market Access permitted for
    • Domestic payphones
    • Domestic value-added services allowed (e.g. PPCC)
fixed line market cont d
Fixed Line Market cont’d
  • Domestic Voice
    • Eliminated the monopoly in fixed telephony
    • Resale of Telecom Egypt’s domestic service allowed
  • International Voice
    • International gateway has been liberalized
    • Resale of Telecom Egypt’s international voice and data services has been allowed
fixed line market cont d8
Fixed Line Market cont’d
  • Telecom Egypt has privatized 20% of its shares.
  • Telecom Egypt may continue the privatization up to 49% of its shares in subsequent stages.
  • All licensees must be companies registered in Egypt
  • All companies must train local human resources

Telephone main lines in operation 10.6 Million Lines

Total Public Pay phones  

55683 Cabins

mobile market
Mobile Market
  • Sharp increase in mobile subscribers over the past couple of years;
  • Usage of mobile phones surpassed the usage of fixed telephone lines;
  • Prices decrease gradually, especially with the possibility of a third operator entering the market;
  • Services offered by both mobile operators are very similar to each other
3 rd mobile network
3rd Mobile Network
  • NTRA issued an RFP for 3rd mobile network in February 2006;
  • Purpose: Market Competition;
  • It will use both 2G & 3G technology;
  • 11 consortia from international companies in partnership with Egyptian companies applied
3rd mobile network
3rd Mobile Network
  • NTRA formed a high-level committee to conduct the technical evaluation of bids
  • Composed of:
    • Experts from NTRA
    • Experts from the Ministry of Investment and Finance
    • Administrative Control Agencies
    • Academia
    • State Council
  • Consortia advanced to the Financial bidding process should receive a minimum score of 700 out of 1000 in their technical proposals
  • Such score should be no less than 85% of the highest technical grade awarded
steady increase in fixed lines a boom in mobile phone users
Steady Increase in Fixed Lines & A Boom In Mobile Phone Users

Mobile penetration Rate


Fixed Line penetration

14.8 %

internet market
Internet Market
  • Enabling Internet access on all fixed phone lines without any monthly fees and at
  • The same cost as a local call since Jan 2002
  • Provided by Telecom Egypt in conjunction
  • 210 Egyptian ISPs
  • Beneficiaries:
    • 1.2million Egyptian households, 5.1 million users
internet market cont d
Internet Market cont’d
  • Target within a year
  • Linking 1.7 million households to the Free Internet service, thus getting 7 million users online while doubling the international capacity
broadband initiative
Broadband Initiative
  • Launched May 2004 by H.E. President Hosni Mubarak during Telecom Africa
  • Initial Target: 50,000 ADSL Subscriber during First Year
  • Later Phases to Include other Broadband Technologies
  • 3-Year Initiative through Public-Private-Partnership
  • First Objectives: Increase ADSL Penetration –Promote WiFi Hotspots
spectrum management20
Spectrum Management
  • NTRA strategic goal for radio spectrum .
  • National frequency management system.
  • National objectives for use of the spectrum.
  • Spectrum management’s prime objectives.
  • Frequency Spectrum Management Sector structure.
  • Frequency Regulation Committee
  • Spectrum Management Functions.
  • Spectrum Procurement.
  • Arab Republic of Egypt frequency allocations.
  • Example of Spectrum License Types.
  • Spectrum Licensing Procedure
  • Some operational spectrum management activities .
  • Methods to License Rights to Use Spectrum...
ntra strategic goal for radio spectrum is to
NTRA strategic goal for radio spectrum is to:
  • Ensure rational, efficient and economical use of the spectrum resource by all radio services.
  • Encourage the highest and best use of spectrum nationally.
  • Ensure optimum use of the radio spectrum.
  • Under use a comprehensive spectrum monitoring

system to protect against harmful interference and enforce public safety-related rules, and to check compliance to the frequency assignment.

frequency spectrum management sector
Frequency Spectrum Management Sector

Radio Frequency Spectrum Management

Spectrum Procurement

International Coordination

Wireless Networks

Spectrum Planning

Field Surveying

Resource management

Network Planning

Technical Monitoring

Frequency Registration

Services & Pricing

Field Inspection

frequency regulation committee

NTRAExecutive President

Ministry of Defense

Republic Presidency

Ministry of Telecom. & IT

Radio & Television Union

Ministry of Interior

National Security

3 Experts

Frequency Regulation Committee
national objectives for use of the spectrum are to
National objectives for use of the spectrum are to:
  • Make available efficient, nation/worldwide communications for personal and business use.
  • Serve the national security and defense.
  • Safeguard life and property.
  • Support law enforcement and crime prevention.
  • Support national and international transportation systems.
  • Provide dissemination of information and entertainment
  • Promote scientific research, development, and exploration.
  • Stimulate social and economic progress.
spectrum management s prime objectives
Spectrum management’s prime objectives:
  • Optimizing usage of the frequency spectrum in accordance with the international regulations .
  • Planning the assignment of the frequency spectrum complying with international rules and international security.
  • Frequency notification, coordination, & registration.
  • Evacuating frequency spectrum for introducing new services.
  • Planning utilization of unused spectrum.
  • Monitoring the frequency spectrum.
  • International coordination with other countries for the utilization of the frequency spectrum
spectrum management functions
Spectrum Management Functions:
  • Spectrum management policy and planning/allocation of spectrum
  • Frequency Assignment and Licensing
  • Standards, Specifications and Type Approval.
  • Enforcement.
  • Monitoring.
spectrum management functions continued
Spectrum Management Functions (continued)
  • International Co-ordination/Co-operation.
  • Liaison and Consultation.
  • Spectrum Engineering Support.
  • Computer Support.
  • Administrative and Legal Support.
spectrum procurement
Spectrum Procurement

The NTRAshall have the right to vacate Frequency Bands from occupants in exchange for fair compensation and shall also grant these occupants a period of not less than a year, for executing such evacuation.

spectrum licensing procedure
Spectrum Licensing Procedure

Prerequisite from the client

New License

Clients Service

Memo. Preparation

Frequency Regulation Committee



Client Notification

& Fees Payment

Deny Prerequisite & Client Notification

License Issued

some operational spectrum management activities
Some operational spectrum management activities :
  • Facilitating frequency assignment in shared bands through coordination.
  • Developing the monitoring system.
  • Freeing up the radio spectrum for new services; e.g. CDMA, DAB, 3G,Wimax …
  • Determining the impact of introducing communications equipment into the existing environment.
  • Implementing field-monitoring programs to identify interference sources and validate approved spectrum use.
  • Participating in the activities of ITU-R.
some operational spectrum management activities34
Some operational spectrum management activities :
  • Spectrum Pricing

- NTRA is working on establishing an efficient spectrum pricing regime. -Case studies of many countries are considered.

- Encouraging national and international investment in new technologies in Egypt.

  • Studying intersystem interference analysis tools and permissible interference criteria.
  • Ensuring the electromagnetic compatibility with the established rules and regulation regarding spectrum use (i.e, The provisions of regulations governing the frequency allocation / assignment spectrum management processes).
some operational spectrum management activities35
Some operational spectrum management activities :
  • Automation in Spectrum Management
    • Benefits:
      • Better governance
      • Law and order in wireless communications
      • Transparency of the licensing process
    • Operational benefits:
      • Improve international co-ordination
      • Simplify communication with the ITU
    • Commercial benefits:
      • Higher revenues due to an improved licensing process
      • Less labor intensive
      • More accurate frequency assignment and licensing
      • Increased efficiency of operations (Customer service)
methods to licence rights to use spectrum
Methods to Licence Rights to Use Spectrum...

-First Come, First Serve

  • For bulk of fixed, microwave and mobile frequency assignments.

-Competitive Licensing

  • When there is more demand for spectrum than supply
  • Comparative Review Process(Beauty Contest)
  • Spectrum Auctions
  • Hybrid (Beauty contest & Auction)

-And lets not forget - Licence Exempt Devices

sector responsibilities
Sector Responsibilities
  • Regulating Telecom. Equipment Market in Egypt.
  • Monitoring quality and implementation programs of licensed Telecom. Services.
  • Interaction with end user of the Telecom. Services in Egypt.
sector departments
Sector Departments
  • Inspection & Services Monitoring.
  • Type Approval.
  • Customer Service.
  • Society Interaction.
  • Call Center.

Head, Operation & Monitoring

Executive Secretary (1)

Contact Center (7)

Society Interaction

Technical Inspection &

QoS Assurance Division

Customer Services Division


Type Approval Dept.

Wireless Services(3)

TA Labs (1)

Surveys (1)

Licenses Issuance(10)

Customers Requests for services


Measurements Systems


Consumer Protect(1)

Fixed & Payphone QoS (3)

Customers Clearance &

Importation Permits (5)

Telecom Services


Data& Satellite Services


Technical Inspection


inspection service monitoring
Inspection & Service Monitoring
  • Regular plans (surveys, visits and measures) to ensure Quality of different services & prepare periodical reports with analysis:
      • Mobile.
      • Fixed.
      • Prepaid cards.
      • Data Transfer& internet.
      • VSAT
  • Establishing Periodically meeting with operators & SPs to discuss QOS aspects.
  • Prepare & issue Health & Environmental Protocols in coordination with other institution & ministries
  • Certifying Mobile stations according to H&E protocols.
  • Monitor the service centers of all importing company.
society interaction
Society Interaction
  • Coordinate with consumer rights committee.
  • Monitoring implementation of non-technical terms of license.
  • Developing statistical comparison with similar services nationally & internationally.
  • Design & prepare Market surveys according to NTRA activities & needs getting users feedback and operators comments regarding Telecom. services.
type approval
Type Approval
  • Defining the Approved standards &regulations applicable in Egypt for Telecom Equipment based on international standards.
  • Establishing test lab. for Radio & Telecom Terminal Equipment .
  • Implement the Type Approval Regime & Issuing Type Approval Certificates.
customer services
Customer Services
  • Issuing importation permits.
  • Approve customs clearance for Telecom. Equipment.
  • Issuing the users & sellers license of wireless equipment.
call center
Call Center
  • Receive customers complaints (2nd tier) & inquiries related to the telecommunication sector & NTRA
  • Investigate & Solve customer complaints in cooperation with Telecommunication operators /ISP.s
  • Implement Market Surveys related to NTRA activities in coordination with other Dept.’s.
telecom act 10 2003
Telecom Act 10/2003

Under the Egyptian Telecom Act 10/2003 Articles (44) & (48), no terminal equipment can be directly or indirectly connected to any Public Service Telecommunication network unless it has been type approved by NTRA (National Telecommunication Regulatory Authority).

why regulate telecom products
Why Regulate Telecom products?

The telecommunications Type Approval regulatory arrangements

aim to ensure that products meet applicable technical standards prior to connection to a telecommunications network.

  • Ensuring that users of the telecommunication equipment in this country get quality equipments from the market.
  • Protecting personal health and safety of end users;
  • Protecting the integrity of the telecommunications networks;
  • Ensuring interoperability with a telecommunications networks;
  • Ensuring access to emergency call services;
  • Support frequency management regulations.
type approval compliance department
Type Approval & Compliance Department

Type Approval & Compliance




who is type approval applied on
Who is Type Approval applied on?

The telecommunications regulatory arrangements apply to any person, business or company that is the initial point of supply of customer telecom equipment to the Egyptian market.

This includes:

  • Any local manufacturer who make or assemble telecommunications products or its authorized agent; or
  • Any overseas principal (Manufacturer, representative, Agent, Type approving agency,…etc.); or
  • Any locally registered agency acting on behalf of any overseas principal.
what standards applied in egypt
What standards applied in Egypt?

Egypt is in the preparation phase prior launching a local Telecom equipment specification & till then NTRA is adopting the following standards

type approval application package
Type Approval Application Package
  • Application-form. www.tra.gov.eg/pdfs/approvalreport.pdf
  • Detailed original catalogue explaining System Description (Should provide a basic understanding of the system, its operation philosophy and system technology), Technical Data and Specifications of the equipment.
  • Declaration of conformity from the manufacturing company &/or Test reports from an accredited test lab for the equipment standards regarding Telecom/Radio, EMC, EMI & Safety & Health standards of the equipment.
  • Type approval processing fee.
type approval register
Type Approval Register

The National Telecommunication Regulatory Authority (NTRA) maintains a regularly updated type approval register on the NTRA web site for the inspection & convenience of public .


type approval initiative 2004
Type Approval Initiative (2004)

August 2004

- Initiative for globalizing Egypt Type Approval procedures.

future plan
Future Plan

Proposed Areas of Cooperation & experience sharing between NTRA & BNETZ

- German Market Surveillance strategy.

* Technique, procedures & databases

- Improve Testing capabilities to perform RF, EMC & Safety testing for Telecom Terminal Equipments in Egypt.

“I am totally convinced that NTRA has become fully capable of creating a balanced ICT market, where national and international private sectors assume their basic role in investment in next generation telecom services”

H.E. Dr. Tarek Kamel

Minister of Communications

& Information Technology