Emerging Trends in Engineering and Engineering Education Fort Belvoir, VA August 4, 2011 Gerald E. Galloway, Jr., PE, PhD Water Policy Collaborative, University of Maryland Vice Chair, Committee on Academic Prerequisites for Professional Practice
The Messages • The World Around Us Is Changing • Engineering Is Changing • Engineering Education Is Changing • You Need to Be Part of The Change Processes
Looking Back – 60 years • The slide rule was high tech • We thought all was right with the environment • Engineers gave the public the answers • We had comfortable budgets • Organizations were robust • Social issues were in the background And Everything Changed!
Today - Engineers Are Challenged • Katrina • Pollution • Infrastructure backlog • Ethical lapses • Energy shortfalls • Environmental restoration • Climate change • Role of the Engineer • Education of Engineers D What Does the Future Look Like?
CHANGE You are living in the period of time that will produce more change for humanity than any previous era in history. It is a time of extraordinary importance that will fundamentally reshape almost every aspect of your life … Wholesale change is taking place in almost every segment of your reality-and the pace will only increase in the coming years. John Peterson The Road to 2015
The 21st Century "Toto, I've a feeling we're not in Kansas anymore”
What Is Ahead? Volatility “Permanent White Water" Uncertainty Incomplete Knowledge or Unknowns about the Current Situation Complexity Some Things Are Too Difficult for Humans to Understand Ambiguity Situations Can Be Interpreted In More Than One Way.
The Climate Change Bear • Glacial Melt - Sea Level Rise • Increased Hurricane Intensity -SST • Increased Flood Potential • Increased Drought • Increased Temperatures
Population Growth More People = More Challenges
Governance • Presidential Politics • Congressional Ineffectiveness • Shifting Federal-State-Local Responsibilities • Fiscal Crunch If the U.S. does not put its house in order, the reckoning will be sure and the devastation severe. ] Simpson-Bowles Report We are on imprudent and unsustainable long-term fiscal path...getting worse every second of every minute of every day… David Walker, former Comptroller General
World Challenges:The World Is Flat • Internet Security • Malnutrition • Anti-Americanism • AIDS • Malaria • Fragile Democracies • Poverty • Nuc Proliferation • Simple Solutions • Dictators • Medical Shortfall • Global Warming • Fiscal Inequalities • Drugs • Extremism • Russia • Ineffective Foreign Aid • Law of the Sea • Terrorism Their Problems Are Our Problems
Corporate Challenges • Doing More with Less • Capturing and Maintaining Credibility • Exercising Responsibility without Authorities and Resources • Dealing with Antiquated Bureaucratic Systems • Growing Interagency, Interdisciplinary, and Integration Activities • International Partnerships
The number of transistors that can be placed inexpensively on an integrated circuit has increased exponentially, doubling approximately every two years Moore’s Law
The National Nanotechnology Initiative Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at dimensions between approximately 1 and 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena enable novel applications.. A nanometer is one-billionth of a meter. A sheet of paper is about 100,000 nanometers thick. Unusual physical, chemical, and biological properties can emerge in materials at the nanoscale.
Laboratory Drugs Are in the Water. Does It Matter? The New York Times Discarded Drugs Take a Bad Trip in the Environment Chicago Tribune Mystery Toxins Turn Male Bass Into Mothers Lexington Herald-Leader
NATIONAL ENGINEERS WEEK February 14 – 20, 2010
There Are No Silver Bullets Tackle the Challenges
COMPETITIVE EDGE OF KNOWLEDGE • In 2028, the ability of individuals and organizations to learn, innovate, adopt and adapt faster will drive advanced economies. ASME 2008 • Restructure Engineering Education • Meet challenge of greater knowledge base and emerging technologies • Develop depth in management, creativity and problem-solving. • Understand risk and uncertainty
National Academy of Engineering Engineering builds the foundation for a better future “It is evident that the exploding body of science and engineering knowledge cannot be accommodated within the context of the traditional four-year baccalaureate degree.”
But what’s happening? The Washington Post Colleges Consider 3-Year Degrees To Save Undergrads Time, Money 150 140 Credits 130 120 2025 1925 1950 1975 2000 Year
But what’s happening? 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Engineering Medicine Law Architecture Pharmacy Accounting Years of Formal Education Occupational Therapy Engineering Engineering Technology 2010 1950 1900 1980 2000 1920 Engineering builds the foundation for a better future Engineering builds the foundation for a better future
A broader &more in-depthengineering educationis key (coupled with improvedon-the-job experiential learning)
What will it take? Already approved as part of NCEES Model Law 32 A baccalaureate degree in engineering A master’s degree (or no less than 30 graduate / upper level technical / professional practice credits, or the equivalent, with at least 50% being engineering) Appropriate experience
What will be achieved? • Raising the bar for engineering education will: • Create a higher-level & recognized professional • Build leaders to influence infrastructure renewal • Help engineers manage the risks involved in society's infrastructure and engineering choices • Provide breadth for leadershipin sustainability • Prepare engineers as leaders forengineering and relatedorganizations
The bottom line We need to raise the education bar In order to ─ Achieve our Visions and enhance the engineering profession… Meet society’s challenges of tomorrow… Build the foundation for a better future...
Your Mission! If You Thought the Last Five Decades Were Exciting, Just Wait for the Next Five • Accept Change • Raise the education bar! • Keep yourself current – know what is changing • Work together –build the bench] • Be persistent • Educate others – in and out of government • Speak up when you should – remember Challenger and Katrina • Be involved in Government and with elected officials You Make the Difference!