International Conference on TIM, 2012, Nepal . National Technology and Innovation Policy By Ananda Raj Khanal Director and Acting Chief of Office Nepal Telecommunications Authority 11 October, 2012 Kathmandu, Nepal. International Conference on TIM, 2012, Nepal .
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National Technology and Innovation Policy
Ananda Raj Khanal
Director and Acting Chief of Office
Nepal Telecommunications Authority
11 October, 2012
OECD and Eurostat (2005), Oslo Manual: Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data. OECD, Paris, at http://www.oecd.org/document/33/0,3746,en_2649_34273_35595607_1_1_1_1,00.html.
“Innovation is essential if countries and firms are
1. Open and non-discriminatory market access and foreign direct investment policies;
2. Science and R&D policies that spur innovation;
3. Openness to domestic competition and new firm entry;
4. Effective intellectual property rights protection policies;
5. Digital policies enabling the robust deployment of ICT platforms;
6. Open and transparent government procurement policies; and
7. Openness to high-skill immigration.
The incorporation of these technologies to the production system allows to
(11) The State shall, with a view to bringing about prosperity in the country, pursue a policy of giving priority to the development of science and technology, and shall also give due consideration to the development of local technology.
(12) The State shall, for the purpose of national development, pursue a policy of attracting foreign capital and technology, giving priority to the national investment.
1. A conducive environment will be created for imparting standard science and technology education at school and higher education levels. The promotion of technical education will be gradually increased.
2. Improvements in indigenous and traditional technology will be made and special consideration will be given to commercialize it.
3. Advanced technologies will be imported. The selection process for imports will give priority to export promoting and under employment reducing technologies.
4. Production and productivity will be increased by the compulsory adoption of advanced technology in economic and social sectors.
5. Science and Technology Committee and Research and Development (R & D) unit will be formed in all government and semi-government agencies.
6. Private sector will be encouraged to invest a certain percentage of their profits to research. Science and technology sectors will be initiated in districts, municipalities and village development Committees.
7. A national science and technology management system will be developed to ensure
efficiency and effectiveness of investment.
8. A separate science and technology service will be developed within the civil service.
Incentives will he provided to scientists and technologists involved in R & D. Lateral entry will be allowed.
9. Research findings of science and technology will be disseminated.
10. A twenty year science and technology perspective plan will be prepared.
11. Necessary institutional framework and system will be developed for science and technology.
12. Brain drain of science and technology personnel will be controlled.
13. Technology parks will be established.
Alternative Energy Promotion Center/MOEST
Established in 1996 with objectives of promotion of renewable/alternative energy technologies to raise the living standard of the rural people, to protect the environment.
i) negative effects on human capital;
ii) disruptions to investments that affect future innovation efforts;
iii) negative impacts on technological leadership; iv) changes in attitudes towards innovation projects in financial markets; and
v) permanent changes to public support systems for innovation.
in an integrated approach designed to
in their economies and then incentivize their commercialization.
has become a bedrock pillar of a country’s innovation capacity: