Older people s residences spiritual needs of older people good life in old age project
1 / 12

- PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Older people´s residences Spiritual needs of older people Good Life in Old Age –project. Arja Suni Master of Health Science (Nursing), RN arja.suni@ikainstituutti.fi. Background.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '' - isi

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Older people s residences spiritual needs of older people good life in old age project l.jpg

Older people´s residencesSpiritual needs of older peopleGood Life in Old Age –project

Arja Suni

Master of Health Science (Nursing), RN


Background l.jpg

  • The mental health promoting tool was “Good everyday life in old age? Spiritual needs and elder care: Models of action”

  • The field trial started October 9th 2008 and ended May 28th 2009

  • Why this tool?

  • - Spiritual life is part of the history of an ageing person

  • - The fulfilment of spiritual needs promotes the psychosocial wellbeing of older adults

    • - The right to fulfil spiritual needs is a valuable part of good everyday life

  • - The spiritual dimension includes not only religious beliefs but also a sense of purpose and meaning in life

A. Suni 8.10.2009

The aim l.jpg
The Aim

  • To develop methods for investigating the spiritual needs of older adults and how to answer them

  • To take into account individual religious and existential needs and habits

  • To understand the spiritual dimension as an issue of quality

  • To empower older individuals and their behaviour

A. Suni 8.10.2009

The subjects l.jpg
The Subjects

  • The setting for implementation: Inhabitants and staff at the Residential Home Päiväkumpu (private sector) in Helsinki

  • 17 older people between 70 –103 years, average age 75+ years

  • Male 15%, female 85%

  • Education: mostly secondary education

  • Illness: both physical and mental diagnoses

  • Staff: 9 nurses, voluntary workers and students of nursing

A. Suni 8.10.2009

Implementation process methods l.jpg
Implementation process (methods)

  • There was a need to develop a personal questionnaire

  • Permission to carry out the project received in November 2008

  • Before the questionnaire was ready there were 7 planning meetings with the staff and the questions were tested verbally

  • The new tool included 17 questions about the spiritual needs and habits of the older people

  • Participants and family members were given information about the purpose of the study, the voluntary nature of participation, and assurances that anonymity and confidentiality would be maintained

  • A personal nurse of each older adult performed the interview (1 April –15 May 2009)

  • Information was gathered and evaluated

  • New daily work methods were created and tested

A. Suni 8.10.2009

Results what gives you strength in times of adversity l.jpg
Results: What gives you strength in times of adversity?

  • Put one’s trust in God and Jesus Christ

  • Find solace in arts, music, nature and friends

  • There is a carrying force in prayer

  • The close ones and nature are meaningful

  • 90 % of the residents prayed daily or when necessary

  • Almost all residents wished to say evening prayers together with their nurses

  • 90 % of the residents followed radio and TV prayers

  • 30 % of the residents wished for help in reading the Bible

  • A half of the residents were interested in spiritual literature and recordings

A. Suni 8.10.2009

Results strengths l.jpg
Results (strengths)

  • Nursing staff learned to understand individual spiritual needs and how to meet and talk about them

  • Open discussion about spiritual needs and habits brought older people and nurses closer to each other

  • Openness incereased the sense of community and mutual respect

  • Openness decreased anxiety, brought comfort and more attention was paid to spiritual needs

A. Suni 8.10.2009

Results weaknesses l.jpg
Results (weaknesses)

  • The questionnaire was made for people in Lutheran Church, it has to be modified for other religions

  • Cultural and social needs, i.e., personal freedom to choose own life style must be respected

  • How to train nurses from other ethnic cultures to understand and use this tool to provide holistic care?

  • How to teach ethnic and native older people to respect each other and their religions?

A. Suni 8.10.2009

Conclusions l.jpg

  • It is important to be a good listener, to respect and meet older people at their level without imposing one´s own values on them

  • It is important to facilitate the creation of contemplative surroundings

  • In order to implement holistic care and to pay attention to older people´s spiritual needs, it is essential that the organization of the care system is supportive both for patients and personnel

  • 90 % of these older people prayed every day – prayer is a strong psycho-social source of power

    • Are spiritual needs adequately observed, e.g., in the prevention of suicides among older adults?

A. Suni 8.10.2009

My lessons from practice for policy makers l.jpg
My lessons from practice for policy makers

  • Unfortunately, policy makers don’t realize what goes on in mental health work and how people with mental health disorders wish their care should be developed

  • Authorities should participate more often in seminars and conferences with staff who could tell them how to develop and support mental health work

  • Policy makers should learn to respect service-users and understand that user-led policy is a key to better life

A. Suni 8.10.2009

Opportunities for the development of mental health promotion l.jpg
Opportunities for the development of mental health promotion

  • More open discussion and information is needed about mental health problems, because anyone of us can face these problems sometime in life

  • More resources are needed in mental health work (funds, residences, doctors, therapists, nurses)

  • We must create and maintain supported work places for the mentally ill and disabled people

  • Young parents must be supported in parenting and taking responsibility of the family

A. Suni 8.10.2009

The three main missing elements of policy at present my opinion l.jpg
The three main missing elements of policy at present – my opinion

  • Lack of knowledge, attitudes to diversity

  • Lack of will to improve things; for example, in Finland, responsibility for mental health issues is divided between many actors but nobody seems to take final responsibility

  • Skills and will to cooperation are insufficient (public sector, private sector, non-profit organisations and service users)

A. Suni 8.10.2009