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FESTIVALS OF INDIA. - Anil Kumar Cheerla. Source: festivals.igiftstoindia.com. India – Heritage & Culture. India - Oldest civilization with rich cultural heritage dating back to 8000 BC

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festivals of india


- Anil Kumar Cheerla

Source: festivals.igiftstoindia.com

india heritage culture
India – Heritage & Culture
  • India - Oldest civilization with rich cultural heritage dating back to 8000 BC
  • Cultural diversity – a unique assimilation of ethnic groups with different languages, culture, religion, race, dance, music and architecture
  • A land of festivals and fairs – regions with unique social and cultural identities
  • Festivals symbolize the spirit of tolerance, harmony and universal peace
festivals of india1
Festivals of India
  • Festivals pertain to different occasions
    • welcome the seasons of the year,
    • the harvest,
    • the rains, or
    • the full moon
    • celebrate religious occasions
    • birthdays of divine beings and saints or
    • the advent of the New Year
  • Festivals - Combinations of religious ceremonies, semi-ritual spectacles, worship, prayer, lustrations, processions, music, dances, magical acts, eating, drinking, love and feeding the poor

A Complete Festival. Its about

    • Color of life
    • Successful Harvest
    • New Year
    • Harmony across all barriers
  • Bonfire at night, throw colored water and feast
ganesh utsav
Ganesh Utsav

Festival in honor of Ganesha, elephant

headed deity – remover of obstacles

Celebrated for 10 days

Huge clay idols made, decorated

Prayers offered, idols immersed in a river, lake or the sea


Human incarnation of Lord Vishnu as

Krishna – born to kill demon King Kansa

Date: Eighth day of the dark fortnight in the month of Sravana (July-August)

Fasting, praying, temples and homes are beautifully decorated and lit

Rasalila performances


Celebrates the love of a brother for his Sister

Celebrated on the full-moon day of the Hindu month of Sravana (July/August)

Sisters tie rakhi for protection against evil influences

Prayers for long life and happiness


Celebration of mother goddess – Durga

Symbolizes victory of good over evil

Fasting for nine days

Sing, dance and merriment


Festival of lights symbolizing the victory of

righteousness and the lifting of spiritual


Celebrated on the 15th day of Kartika (October/November)

Illuminated Streets lamps, homes decorated with colors and candles

New clothes, firecrackers and sweets


Commemorates the birth of Rama, emblem

of righteousness

Symbolizes defeat of evil

Celebrated on the on the ninth day after the new moon in Sukul Paksh (April)

Sing devotional bhajans, offer prayers  and distribute prasad

id ul zuha

Festival of great rejoice, special prayers and

exchange of greetings and gifts

Commemorates the life of Ismail, son of Ibrahim.

Devotion to Allah and his desires

Tradition of sacrificing a goat

completion of Haj

guru nanak jayanti
Guru Nanak Jayanti

Celebration of the birth anniversary of Guru

Nanak Dev, the founder of the Sikh faith

Religion - a single God who is the eternal truth

Three-day Akhand Path – reading holy sikh book

Processions, religious hymns & community lunch


Birth of Jesus Christ, the Son of God

Midnight mass and merrymaking group dances

Carols, and message of love and brotherhood

decorate homes with trees, exchange greetings and gifts

  • Festivals represent the spirit of Indian culture and society
  • Represents people from diverse backgrounds, regions, communities and religion
  • People revel in the feeling of friendship, brotherhood and revelry – brings harmony, peace and universal brotherhood
Q & A