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The Home Front. Chapter 25 Section 4 Page 796. Economic Gains. The war years were good ones for working people. As defense industries boomed, unemployment fell to a low 1.2% in 1944. Farmers also prospered. Benefited from improvements in farm machinery & fertilizers.

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the home front

The Home Front

Chapter 25 Section 4

Page 796

economic gains
Economic Gains
  • The war years were good ones for working people.
    • As defense industries boomed, unemployment fell to a low 1.2% in 1944.
  • Farmers also prospered.
    • Benefited from improvements in farm machinery & fertilizers.
    • Reaped the profits from rising crop prices.
    • Crop production increased by 50%.
  • Women also enjoyed employment gains.
    • Many of them lost their jobs after the war.
    • 6 million women entered the workplace.
    • Many women also took advantage of openings in journalism & other professions.
population shifts
Population Shifts
  • In addition to revamping the economy, the war triggered one of the greatest mass migrations in American history.
  • People uprooted themselves to seek work elsewhere.
  • More than a million newcomers poured into CA b/w 1941-1944.
  • Towns w/ defense industries saw their populations doubled.
social adjustments
Social Adjustments
  • Mothers struggled to rear their children alone.
    • Young children got used to being left alone w/ neighbors, relatives, or child care centers as mothers went back to work.
    • Teenagers left at home w/o parents sometimes drifted into juvenile delinquency.
    • when fathers came home they had to get to know their families again.
  • Couples rushed to get married before soldiers & sailors went off to war.
social adjustments5
Social Adjustments
  • To help ease the transition of returning servicemen to civilian life, Congress passed the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act also known as the GI Bill of Rights.
    • Provided education & training for veterans.
    • Over half of the returning soldiers attended colleges & technical schools under the GI Bill.
    • Also provided a federal loan program for veterans buying a house or starting a business.
civil rights protests
Civil Rights Protests
  • African Americans made some progress on the home front.
  • Thousands of African Americans left the South to move to the Midwest.
  • Discrimination presented tough hurdles.
  • James Farmer founded an interracial organization called Congress of Racial Equality.
  • Goal of CORE was to confront urban segregation in the North.
  • Tensions rose as African Americans moved north.
  • 1943, a tidal wave of racial violence swept across the country.
  • Worst conflict erupted in Detroit in June.
    • 34 people lay died after racial riots endured.
tension in las angeles
Tension in Las Angeles
  • Mexican Americans also experienced racial tensions.
  • 1943 was a violent summer in LA.
  • Riots began & lasted for over a week.
  • Resulted in the beatings of over a hundred people.
internment of japanese americans
Internment of Japanese Americans
  • WWII produced tragic results for Japanese Americans.
  • 120,000 Japanese Americans lived in the U.S.
  • Most of them were citizens living on the west coast.
  • After the attack on Pearl Harbor, citizens feared that the Japanese would attack the U.S.
  • People believed false rumors that Japanese Americans were committing sabotage.
  • Fear & uncertainty caused a wave of prejudice against Japanese Americans.
  • 1942, the War Department called for the mass evacuation of all Japanese Americans from Hawaii.
internment of japanese americans9
Internment of Japanese Americans
  • Finish reading page 800 on Japanese American Internemtn.
answer the following questions
Answer the following questions
  • How did the war affect American workers?
  • How did the growth of the defense industry affect American population patterns?
  • How did wartime activities affect families?
  • How were African Americans treated at home and in the military?
  • How did Americans react to progress in acceptance of African Americans?
  • Why were Japanese Americans placed in internment camps?
  • How were Japanese Americans compensated for internment?