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En Español I. 1-1 Notes Familiar vs. Formal, Ser, Subject Pronouns, Gustar. There are different ways to say how are you in Spanish. ¿ Cómo estás ? and ¿ Qué tal ? are familiar greetings. ¿ Cómo está usted ( Ud .)? is a formal greeting. Using familiar and formal with greetings.

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en espa ol i

En Español I

1-1 Notes

Familiar vs. Formal, Ser,

Subject Pronouns, Gustar

using familiar and formal with greetings

There are different ways to say how are you in Spanish.

  • ¿Cómoestás? and ¿Quétal? are familiar greetings.
  • ¿ Cómoestáusted (Ud.)? is a formal greeting.
Using familiar and formal with greetings
using familiar and formal with greetings1

Familiar greetings are used with:

      • Family
      • Friends
      • Someone younger
  • Formal greetings are used with:
      • A person you don’t know well(stranger)
      • Someone older
      • Someone for whom you wish to show respect (in family or position of influence – i.e. President)
Using familiar and formal with greetings
subject pronouns
Subject Pronouns

Subjects are used at the beginning of a sentence to state who is doing the action.

Subject pronouns can replace a person’s name or description.

Masculine subject pronouns are used for all boys or a group of boys and girls.

Feminine subject pronouns are used for all girls only.

ser with countries
Ser with Countries

To say where someone is from, use:

Subject + Form of ser + de + Country

For example:

I am from the United States.

Yo soy de los EstadosUnidos.

You (fam.) are from Peru.

Túeres de Perú.

gustar
Gustar

To say what someone likes to do use the form of Gustar and an activity.

Activities:

Bailar – to dance

Cantar – to sing

Comer – to eat

Escribir – to write

Leer – to read

Nadar – to swim

Patinar – to skate

Trabajar – to work

gustar with activities
Gustar with activities

Ex. I like to dance. Me gustabailar.

Ex. You (fam.) like to swim. Te gustanadar.

When you are talking about a dislike, just add no out front.

Ex. He doesn’t like to sing. No le gustacantar.

Ex. We don’t like to work. No nosgustatrabajar.