En Español I. 1-1 Notes Familiar vs. Formal, Ser, Subject Pronouns, Gustar. There are different ways to say how are you in Spanish. ¿ Cómo estás ? and ¿ Qué tal ? are familiar greetings. ¿ Cómo está usted ( Ud .)? is a formal greeting. Using familiar and formal with greetings.
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Familiar vs. Formal, Ser,
Subject Pronouns, Gustar
Subjects are used at the beginning of a sentence to state who is doing the action.
Subject pronouns can replace a person’s name or description.
Masculine subject pronouns are used for all boys or a group of boys and girls.
Feminine subject pronouns are used for all girls only.
To say where someone is from, use:
Subject + Form of ser + de + Country
I am from the United States.
Yo soy de los EstadosUnidos.
You (fam.) are from Peru.
Túeres de Perú.
To say what someone likes to do use the form of Gustar and an activity.
Bailar – to dance
Cantar – to sing
Comer – to eat
Escribir – to write
Leer – to read
Nadar – to swim
Patinar – to skate
Trabajar – to work
Ex. I like to dance. Me gustabailar.
Ex. You (fam.) like to swim. Te gustanadar.
When you are talking about a dislike, just add no out front.
Ex. He doesn’t like to sing. No le gustacantar.
Ex. We don’t like to work. No nosgustatrabajar.