Making a lesson plan. How to plan a lesson for an effective interaction in class. Why plan?. Just as for good cooking you need to know how to cook, what ingredients you need and how much time you will take, for good teaching, too, you need to plan!. You need to keep these questions in
How to plan a lesson for an effective interaction in class
Just as for good cooking you need to know how to cook, what ingredients you need and how much time you will take, for good teaching, too, you need to plan!
You need to keep these questions in
Keep the following things in mind when defining the objective:
What do you want the students to learn and how?
It is important to know your students and make them feel comfortable in your class. Only then will they be ready to learn!
11.00 to 11.10 – Warm up activity
11.10 to 11.20 – Dissection and observation
of a flower
11.20 to 11.30 – Matching flash cards etc.
Don’t try to include too much. Leave some space for assimilation
Students can work on their own, in pairs or groups.
Plan the lesson step by step.
Give time for students to learn at their own pace,.
Some learn faster than others. Some may take time.
Every student learns differently. Some can read and understand. Others need to hear it or see it while some others need to use their hands to create and learn. Address these different learning styles.
While taking a lesson on flowers you could bring in poems, songs art , craft, dance related to flowers to make the lesson lively and for students to find connections between different subjects.
An abrupt stopping of the lesson leaves the learner
uncomfortable. It is good to remind students of what
they have learnt during the lesson. Give enough time
for a neat conclusion!
That doesn’t mean you don’t leave open ended questions, encouraging students to think and find out more!
Continuous and comprehensive assessment can happen throughout the lesson at different points of time.
Eg. You can assess students on :
Instead of only asking questions that test memory, ask questions that make students imagine, compare, contrast, evaluate and apply concepts!
Assessment is related to the objective s of the lesson. The assessment should test whether or not your objectives have been met.
Give interesting homework so that the students feel like attempting it. Meaningless repetitive exercises are unnecessary and boring!
Home work can be used for:
Eg. Draw and label the parts of a flower
Eg. Find out the names of ten common flowers in your
You could involve parents or the community in the research work given to students. Students could find out facts about their surroundings, for example , by interviewing their family members and people in the neighbourhood.
Allow yourself to be spontaneous in class and divert from the lesson plan if needed as long as you can guide the students back to the topic/activity
A complete lesson plan should include the following details:
After the class, reflect on the lesson plan. What worked and what didn’t and why? Would you do it differently the next time?