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reading 1
Reading #1
  • “Industrial advances also helped European countries grow more powerful. They developed new weapons and competed aggressively for colonies in Africa and Asia. In 1914 European competition erupted into a four-year war. When this conflict, called World War I, finally ended in 1918, millions were dead.” (Georgia’s Exploring Our World, 2010, p. 262)
world war one trenches new technology
World War One: Trenches & New Technology

Britain introduced the world to:

  • Tanks with machine guns

Germany introduced the world to:

  • Submarines called U-boats
  • Poisonous Gas
world war one trenches new technology1
World War One: Trenches & New Technology
  • It was the first war fought with:
    • Long-range cannons
    • Machine guns
    • Airplanes
what does more advanced weaponry lead to
What does more advanced weaponry lead to?
  • Destruction of human life.
  • Destruction of land.
  • Destruction of property.
how was the whole war involved
How was the whole war involved?
  • And back home, they're eating rations,
  • Just a little food that has to last.
  • In Total War, we’re all playing our parts,
  • Women in factories making our parts.
  • African armies, colonial soldiers,
  • All fight in Europe; they’re following orders.
  • New technology vs. old tactics,
  • That means the whole death toll is massive.
what else happened during this time that our rap does not talk about
What else happened during this time that our rap does not talk about?
  • US enters the war.
    • Sinking of the Lusitania
    • Zimmerman Telegram
  • Russian Revolution
    • Communism
    • Czar Nicholas II
    • Vladamir Lennon
    • USSR
the whole story
The whole story:
  • The United States and the War:
  • “At first, the United States stayed out of the war. However, German U-Boats were attacking American ships carrying supplies to Allies. As a result, the United States lost many ships and people [one ship was the Lusitania]. Then in 1917, German secretly tried to persuade Mexico to join the Central Powers [Zimmerman telegram]. When British intelligence broke the news the Americans were very angry. Changes in Russia also affected feelings in the United States. In 1917, a revolution forced the Russian czar to give up power. Americans felt better about fighting for Russia’s new government….On April 2, 1917 President Woodrow Wilson asked the U.S. Congress to declare war on Germany. It did so four days later.” (People, places and changes, 2005, p. 350)”
russian revolution
Russian Revolution
  • Disney’s Anastasia was loosely based on the story of Czar’s family and lost daughter.
what really happened
What really happened?
  • Listen to pg. 262-263 in our textbook.
  • What is it telling us?
    • Many Russians blamed the Czar for Russia doing poorly in WWI and for the shortage of food.
    • The people overthrew the Czar and set up a temporary government.
    • Vladimir Lenin then led a revolt again the temporary government and turned Russia into a communist state with his followers. This made Russia a part of the USSR. A new communist nation.
    • In communism, there is no competition in the economy. It is a command economy and the government has complete control.
brainstorm how did wwi end
Brainstorm: How did WWI end?
  • How do you think countries end a major conflict like a war?
  • How do you end conflicts with your friends?
events leading to the end of the war
Events leading to the end of the war:
  • Russia leaves the war  Germany gains ground  US enters the war  Germany is pushed back  Central powers begin to surrender  Germany surrenders  Armistice is signed  Treaty of Versailles
what were the outcomes of the treaty of versailles
What were the outcomes of the treaty of Versailles?
  • 1. Germany had to admit it started the war.
  • 2. Germany had to pay money to the Allies.
  • 3. Germany lost territory.
  • 4. Germany could not rebuild its military.
causes of wwi
Causes of WWI
  • Use your notes and list at least 3 causes.
  • Hint: What was the “spark” and what were the “m.a.i.n.” causes?
  • Based on what we learned today, how was Europe changed by WWI? Respond in your chart.
exit ticket
Exit Ticket!
  • How do you think the people of Germany felt after the Treaty of Versailles?
  • Overall, how did WWI impact Europe?