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Physiological Reactions…. These changes due to emotions follow a procedure starting with the brain. Then, the changes are carried out by both the Endocrine and Autonomic Nervous Systems. Physiological needs drive an organism to act in either random or habitual ways.

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physiological reactions
Physiological Reactions…
  • These changes due to emotions follow a procedure starting with the brain. Then, the changes are carried out by both the Endocrine and Autonomic Nervous Systems.
  • Physiological needs drive an organism to act in either random or habitual ways.
Physiological Reactions: What are some of the physiological changes that occur when experiencing emotion?
  • Physical changes in your body that are known to be unlearned, automatic instinctive reactions towards a stimulus.

[Particular response may depend on the certain emotions one is experiencing.]Examples: Increased heart rate, lump in your throat, shaking, sweating and nausea.

physiological reactions in threatening situations

Sympathetic Nervous System releases Nor-Epinephrine (Adrenaline) producing these physiological changes: 1. Palms sweating 2. Increased heart rate 3. Focused attention 4. Greater skin conductance

Physiological Reactions in Threatening Situations…

true colors research sheds light on body emotions by daniel tomasulo ph d
True Colors: Research Sheds Light on Body EmotionsBy: Daniel Tomasulo, PH.D.
  • Study was first published on December 31 of 2013 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences .
  • “From an anxious lump in the throat or cold feet, to the excitement and warm feeling of a first kiss or a long hug, our bodies respond to our feelings with physiological fluctuations.”
research by daniel tomasulo continued
Research by Daniel Tomasulo Continued…
  • This research first began by studies on basic emotions such as anger, fear, disgust, happiness, sadness, surprise and neutral state. Then continuing the research with 7 non-basic emotions known as anxiety, love, depression, contempt, pride, shame, and envy.
  • RESULTS: Major differences between happiness and depression. Like stated in this research, “Apparently the phrase “feeling blue” for depression has some truth to it.”

 We use attention, imagination, passion and processes to pursue our goals.  Our most basic motivations lead us to survive and meet our need to stay safe or to obtain food , water and shelter.


motivation what motivates someone to achieve power

The physiological and psychological factors that cause us to behave as we do.Social Motives1.Need for achievement 2.Fear of failure3.Fear of success

Motivation: What motivates someone to achieve power?

outside factors
Outside Factors…
  • Can be used as external motivators in order to reach internal motivation just that it plays a quite different role.
  • In order for external motivators to take affect, they must first stimulate your internal needs and desires.
internal motivation

 We are motivated to do something by needs and desires that we hold inside of us. “We feel desire or drive to do something and then behave in ways to accomplish or fulfill some current or future personal goal.”[Internal Motivation is different from External Motivation due to the source of the reward.] “Internal rewards are personally controlled and come from inner satisfaction derived from completing the activity.”

Internal Motivation

external motivation

External motivators are controlled by others but can also provide incentive to take action toward attaining something the person itself wants.

External Motivation


1. Johnson, Janet H. "The Power of Motivation." Kentucky Extension Leadership Development. N.p., Dec. 2010. Web. 24 Feb. 2014, from

2. Tomasulo, D. (2014). True Colors: Research Sheds Light On Body Emotions. Psych Central. Retrieved on March 1, 2014, from

3. “[PPT]-Physiological Bases of Behavior Emotions.” Web.24 Feb. 2014, from…/Physiology/Physiological%20bases%20of%20behavior%20emotions.ppt.

4. Hari, Riita. “Bodily Maps of Emotions.” Nov.27,2013. Reviewed June 11,2013. Web. 24 Feb. 2014, from

5. Flavia. Rose, Gary. “[PPT]-Chapter 18: Brain Mechanisms of Emotion.” LearningMate Solutions Pvt. Ltd., 29 Sept. 2005, 30 Oct. 2011. Web.25 Feb. 2014, from;O=D