FRANCE By Lauren and Laura
population • It was estimated in July 2013, that France had a population of65,951,611 and it had a growth rate of 0.47%.France has a slightly declining population due to it’s slightly under replacement level fertility rate.
POPULATION PROFILE Age structure: 0-14 years: 18.7% (male 6,314,779/female 6,029,258) 15-24 years: 11.9% (male 4,017,893/female 3,840,268) 25-54 years: 38.9% (male 12,877,039/female 12,764,229) 55-64 years: 12.6% (male 4,020,974/female 4,287,381) 65 years and over: 17.9% (male 5,029,801/female 6,769,989) (2013 est.)
CHALLENGES FOR GOVERNMENT as directed by Francedemographics.weebly • The projection of 2050 indicates that France will be in a state of duress due to the declining population This will be caused by the fact that the death rate is increasing while the birth rate is decreasing, the higher life expectancy, and the lack of immigration. The dependency load will be too big for the country to handle. The elderly support will drop from 4:1 to 2:1. This means that for every senior, there will be just two adults to support him/her. All of the previously large workforce will now be dependent on the previously had children. With an elderly support ratio that low, the government will be relied on more to provide for the older citizens. This coupled with longer life expectancy means that the government has to support more people for a longer period of time.
The declining birth rate and death rate means that from 2010 to 2025, the birth rate per thousand will have gone from 805 to 751 and the death rate will have gone from 560 to 676. This lowers the growth rate from an already low 0.5% to 0.2%.Less people will mean that the country will lose money and wont be able to support large scale organisations due the low level of employment. Assuming the immigration rate continues to decline and residents don’t emigrate the population pyramid will be reduced to a small coffin shape.
RESPONSES France has recently raised the normal legal retirement age to 62 since 2011. While this change has been generally accepted, it has led to significant social conflict in others, indicating that further moves in this direction are possible but may not be easy. Sorry, it was a bit difficult to find answers for this area
Bibliography • http://www.prb.org/DataFinder/Geography/Data.aspx?loc=429 • http://www.indexmundi.com/france/demographics_profile.htmlhttps://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/fr.htmlhttp://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/donnees-detaillees/bilan-demo/pyramide/pyramide.htm?champ=fm&lang=en • http://www.indexmundi.com/g/r.aspx?v=2227&t=20http://francedemographics.weebly.com/population-challenges.htmlhttp://www.hsph.harvard.edu/pgda/WorkingPapers/2011/PGDA_WP_71.pdf