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Patient issues that get in the way of TX adherence: surprising survey findings Sue Bergeson Vice President Consumer Affa PowerPoint Presentation
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Patient issues that get in the way of TX adherence: surprising survey findings Sue Bergeson Vice President Consumer Affairs OptumHealth Behavioral Solutions.

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Patient issues that get in the way of TX adherence: surprising survey findingsSue BergesonVice President Consumer Affairs OptumHealth Behavioral Solutions

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 Who Am I? The Art Work The Context It’s tough out there  Assume passion and commitment  There is no blame We are each expert in our own arena

at the end of this presentation participants will
At the end of this presentation, participants will:
  • Learn how to improve patient satisfaction, based on the results of a large patient-based surveys
  • Be able to enhance patient engagement; and treatment adherence in their primary care behavioral treatment;
  • Learn how to optimize treatment results in a limited-visit situation;
  • Be familiar with the role and benefits of a peer specialist
communication challenges
Communication Challenges

 Face to Face Time: Seven Minutes

 What would you like to see changed? N=3,662

Spend more time with me; don’t rush through my appointment

PCP: second highest response

Psychiatrist: highest response

OBY/GYN: highest response

 Time Before Interruption: ?

 Time if Not Interrupted: ?

strategy list
Strategy List
  • Allow the two minutes of patient conversation before interrupting, I will leave not feeling rushed and will have the chance to commit more fully to the treatment regime
experienced vs communicated
78% Erratic sleep

77% Heighten mood,

75% Racing thoughts

74% Racing speech, impulsiveness

72% Poor judgment,

67% Irritability

57% Reckless behavior

57% Erratic eating

56% Erratic sleep

36% Heighten mood

43% Racing thoughts

37% Racing speech, Impulsiveness

35% Poor judgment

40% Irritability

26% Reckless behavior

26% Erratic eating

Experienced vs Communicated
stigma alive and well internal
Stigma – Alive and WellInternal
  • Patients were asked about their reactions when they were first diagnosed with depression. A minority reported having negative feelings, including being afraid (33%), embarrassed (26%), angry (21%) or stigmatized (20%). (DBSA Primary Care Survey 2000)
  • However, the vast majority of persons with depression report that when their condition was first diagnosed as depression, they felt relieved to know what was wrong (59%) and glad their condition could be treated (70%). (DBSA Primary Care Survey 2000)
  • Almost three-quarters (71 percent) of the respondents said that they would ask their doctor to prescribe treatment. And few felt that they would lose their job (17 percent), lose friends (17 percent), or feel like they have no one to talk to about it (14 percent). (NDMDA Gallop Pole Public Phone Survey (2002)
  • Just over one-fourth (26 percent) said they would neither worry about these things nor seek treatment. In general, older adults, those with college experience are the least concerned about being stigmatized. Those with the least education are the most concerned (NDMDA Gallop Pole Public Phone Survey (2002)
  • Most survey participants did not consider themselves knowledgeable about depression or bipolar disorder. Thirty-six percent said they were very or somewhat knowledgeable about depression (NDMDA Gallop Pole Public Phone Survey (2002)
  • 50% most frequently associated depression with sadness (NDMDA Gallop Pole Public Phone Survey (2002)
  • While many did understand the need for medicine to treat mood disorders, nearly three-fourths (74 percent) believed that medications change the patient’s personality. In addition, over two-thirds (67 percent) believe the medications are habit-forming. (NDMDA Gallop Pole Public Phone Survey (2002)
  • Concern for a potential diagnosis of depression was much lower than concerns for other major diseases.

(NDMDA Gallop Pole Public Phone Survey (2002)

strategy list1
Strategy List
  • Allow the two minutes of patient conversation before interrupting
  • Explain the illness and its importance and impact in consumer words

Address our fear of medication upfront

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Communication Challenges

Explain your Illness to your satisfaction?

No: Psychiatrist 47%, PCP 63%

Explain your treatment to your satisfaction?

No: Psychiatrist 48%, PCP 57%

 51 % Still wanted more information about their mental illness

Less than half of respondents had been given written information

81% who were given information - very useful

strategy list2
Strategy List
  • Allow the two minutes of patient conversation before interrupting
  • Explain the illness and its importance and impact in consumer words
  • Address our fear of medication upfront
  • Provide us with information we can read written in consumer language
stigma alive and well external
Stigma – Alive and WellExternal
  • One-fourth believe that people with mood disorders are dangerous, can be easily identified in the work place, and are not able to form and maintain long-term, stable relationships.
  • One out of five believe people with mood disorders should not have children..
  • One-fourth disagree that people with mood disorders live normal lives and function well and work and at home.
  • All things being equal, about half (48 percent) of those surveyed would not vote for a candidate for national office who had once been diagnosed with clinical depression (24 percent would not vote for the candidate and 24 percent might or might not vote for the candidate).
  • Nearly the same percentage (49 percent) agreed that people with mood disorders are not stable enough to hold positions of authority.
  • In general, older adults, men and the less educated and minorities were more likely to support the stigma associated with mood disorders
  • More females than males believe in the efficacy of medication as well as the ability of people with mood disorders to lead normal lives.

Source: NDMDA Gallop Pole Public Phone Survey (2002)

strategy list3
Strategy List
  • Allow the two minutes of patient conversation before interrupting
  • Explain the illness and its importance and impact in consumer words
  • Address our fear of medication upfront
  • Provide us with information we can read written in consumer language
  • Address the shame of mental illnesses directly in conversation
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Primary Care Survey

N= 2,000 – both consumers and providers

PCPs 71% say they make joint decisions, but

Only 39% say doctor asked their preferences

PCPs 69% say they tell side effects, but

Patients, only 16% told

strategy list4
Strategy List
  • Allow the two minutes of patient conversation before interrupting
  • Explain the illness and its importance and impact in consumer words
  • Address our fear of medication upfront
  • Provide us with information we can read written in consumer language
  • Address the shame of mental illnesses directly in conversation
  • Explain what the meds will do and what I should watch for
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Relevance

 Recovery goals vs. Treatment goals

 Psych Nurse example

 Feel Bad  Take Meds  Feel Better

Feel Hopeless/Worthless  Change Life  Feel Better

five stages in the recovery process
Five Stages in the Recovery Process

There are times when a person...

Impact of Diagnosis

Life is Limited

…is

overwhelmed

by

…has

given in

to

…the

Disabling Power

of a

Psychiatric Diagnosis

Stigma

Symptoms

…is

moving beyond

…is

questioning

Self-image

…is

challenging

Actions for Change

Changeis Possible

Commitment to Change

strategy list5
Strategy List
  • Allow the two minutes of patient conversation before interrupting, I will leave not feeling rushed and will have the chance to commit more fully to the treatment regime
  • Explain the illness and its importance and impact in consumer words
  • Address our fear of medication upfront
  • Provide us with information we can read written in consumer language
  • Address the shame of mental illnesses directly in conversation
  • Explain what the meds will do and what I should watch for
  • Link my treatment to my recovery goals/what I care about
link consumer to peer resources
Link consumer to peer resources
  • John Rush, MD, DBSA support group participation fewer hospitalizations, greater adherence
  • Mark S. Salzer, Ph.D., mental health self-help groups are associated with decreased symptoms, increased coping skills, increased life satisfaction, and greater adherence
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Peer Specislits as a Resource

  • Certified Peer Specialists aka Recovery Coaches in Primary Care Settings
  • Surgeon General – power of peer support
  • President’s New Freedom Commission 2.2 Role of peers in service delivery
  •  Institute of Medicine Report Increasing role of peers in recovery
  • Annapolis Coalition Report on the Behavioral Health Workforce Goal One
  • CMS Acknowledgement as EBP

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Certified Peer Specialists / Recovery Coaches Roles in Primary Care:

  • Time: Warm Hand Off (Heart)
  •  Psychosocial Education: Druss/Lorig, Living Successfully (Baby)
  •  Stigma Reduction (Corrigan)
  • Adherence/engagement: WRAP, Support groups, community engagement, Mood charting, follow up
  •  Whole health, smoking cessation groups, soft exercise, diet, stress management
  •  Post Hospitalization Bridge
  •  Hope

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Certified Peer Specialists / Recovery Coaches

  • Georgia Research:

Overall, peer support consumers showed improvement as compared to control group in each three outcomes over an average of 260 days between assessments

    • Current symptoms/behaviors
    • Skills/Abilities
    • Resources/Needs
strategy list6
Strategy List
  • Allow the two minutes of patient conversation before interrupting, I will leave not feeling rushed and will have the chance to commit more fully to the treatment regime
  • Explain the illness and its importance and impact in consumer words
  • Address our fear of medication upfront
  • Provide us with information we can read written in consumer language
  • Address the shame of mental illnesses directly in conversation
  • Explain what the meds will do and what I should watch for
  • Link my treatment to my recovery goals/what I care about
  • Encourage participation in free peer support groups
  • Consider hiring a CPS for your practice
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DBSA /NAMI Survey: What we want from our providers:

1. Listen

2. Communicate

3. Compassion (tied)

3. Knowledge (tied)

4. Interpersonal Skills

5. Attitude of Respect

6. Skill

7. Allow enough time

8. Work in partnership with us

9. Don’t just medicate

10. Look at the whole person

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DBSA Survey 2004 N=2,000

I want the health care system to:

  • Give me hope/seem hopeful about my future
  • Let me make decisions / have some input into my treatment & care
  • Focus on my wellness not my illness
  • Act in a way that shows they believe that I can recover
  • 5. Listen to what I need instead of telling me what I need
thank you
Thank You

Sue Bergeson

Vice President

Consumer Affairs,

OptumHealth

Behavioral Solutions

Susan_R_Bergeson@uhc.com