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CN2140 Server II (V2). Kemtis Kunanuraksapong MSIS with Distinction MCT, MCITP, MCTS , MCDST, MCP, A+. Agenda. Chapter 6: Configuring File Services Exercise Lab Midterm Exam. File Server. Implementing basic file server functions requires The File Server role

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cn2140 server ii v2

CN2140 Server II (V2)

Kemtis Kunanuraksapong

MSIS with Distinction

MCT, MCITP, MCTS, MCDST, MCP, A+

agenda
Agenda
  • Chapter 6: Configuring File Services
  • Exercise
  • Lab
  • Midterm Exam
file server
File Server
  • Implementing basic file server functions requires
    • The File Server role
    • Basic server administration tasks:
      • Installing disks
      • Creating shares
      • Assigning permissions
      • Mapping drive letters
working with disks
Working with Disks
  • When you install additional storage on a Windows Server 2008 computer, you must address the following tasks:
    • Select a partitioning style; MBR? GPT?
    • Select a disk type; Basic? Dynamic?
    • Divide the disk into partitions or volumes
      • Create partitions on basic disks, and volumes on dynamic disks
    • Format the partitions or volumes with a file system; NTFS? FAT?
partition style
Partition Style
  • Master Boot Record (MBR)
    • The default partition style for x86-based and x64-based computers
  • GUID (Globally unique identifier) partition table (GPT)
    • Only Windows Server 2k8, Windows Vista, or later.
    • Windows XP Professional x64 Edition does support GPT
basic disks and partitions
Basic Disks and Partitions
  • When you work with basic disks in Windows Server 2008:
    • You can create up to four primary partitions
    • OR 3 three primary partitions and one extended partitions
      • Extended partition cannot host an OS file
      • See Table 6-2 on Page 129 for comparison
dynamic disks
Dynamic Disks
  • A dynamic disk can contain an unlimited number of volumes, but you cannot mark an existing dynamic disk as an active partition
    • Simple volume
    • Spanned volume
    • Striped volume
    • Mirrored volume
    • RAID-5 volume
simple and spanned volumes
Simple and Spanned Volumes
  • Simple volume
    • Consists of free space contained on a single physical disk (Like a partition)
  • Spanned volume
    • Made up of free space from multiple physical disks
    • Spanned volumes are not fault-tolerant
      • If you lose one disk in the volume, you will lose all data contained on all disks
    • Created on 2 to 32 disks
striped volume
Striped Volume
  • Made up of free space from multiple disks
  • Uses RAID-0 striping to interleave the data across the disks
    • Improves the read performance of the volume
    • Striped volumes are also not fault-tolerant
    • Will not withstand the loss of a disk in the volume
  • A striped volume can be created on a minimum of 2 disks and a maximum of 32 disks
mirrored volume
Mirrored Volume
  • Fault-tolerant volume consisting of two physical disks, in which the data on one disk is copied exactly onto the second disk
  • This provides data redundancy
    • If one disk in the mirror fails, the other disk will continue to function without loss of data
raid 5 volume
RAID-5 volume
  • A fault-tolerant volume where data is interleaved across three or more disks much in the same way as in a striped volume
  • Has additional information known as parity
    • If one disk in a RAID-5 volume fails, the data can be rebuilt using the parity information stored on the disks in the rest of the volume
  • A RAID-5 volume can be created using a minimum of three disks and a maximum of 32 disks
file sharing
File Sharing
  • On most enterprise networks, the principle of “least privilege” should apply
    • Users should have only the privileges they need to perform their required tasks and no more
permissions
Permissions
  • Privileges granted to specific system entities enabling them to perform a task or access a resource
    • Share permissions
      • By default, the Everyone receives the Allow Read
    • NTFS permissions
    • Registry Permissions
    • Active Directory permissions
file services role
File Services Role
  • The File Services role
    • Distributed File System (DFS)
    • A service that allows you to simplify the view of file shares located across multiple servers as they appear to your user base
    • Other useful technologies for implementing file sharing on a Windows Server 2008 network
    • See Table 6-4 on Page 139 for components of File Services Role
distributed file system dfs
Distributed File System (DFS)
  • Includes two technologies:
    • DFS Namespaces
    • DFS Replication
  • Enable administrators to do the following:
    • Simplify the process of locating files
    • Control the amount of traffic passing over WAN links
    • Provide users at remote sites with local file server access
    • Configure the network to survive a WAN link failure
    • Facilitate consistent backups
dfs namespace
DFS Namespace
  • A collection of references to the actual folder
  • Display all the shared folders on different server to the user as one directory or location
  • See Figure 6-8 on Page 142
  • Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2003 can function as DFS namespace servers
    • The Standard Edition and Web Edition products can host only a single DFS namespace
    • The Enterprise Edition and Datacenter Edition versions can host multiple namespaces
dfs namespace cont
DFS Namespace (Cont.)
  • The DFS Namespaces role service supports:
    • Stand-alone
    • Domain-based
      • Windows Server 2008 mode
      • Windows 2000 mode
        • Based on the domain functional level of the domain hosting the namespace
dfs replication
DFS Replication
  • DFS Replication is a multiple master replication engine
  • For multiple shared folders, you must create a replication group, which is a collection of servers, members, each of which contains a target for a particular DFS folder
    • A folder with two targets requires a replication group with two members: two servers hosting the shared folder
    • At regular intervals, the DFS Replication engine on the namespace server triggers replication events between the two members, using the RDC protocol, so that their target folders remain synchronized.
dfs replication cont
DFS Replication (Cont.)
  • By default, replication groups use a full mesh topology
  • On a larger installations, hub/spoke topology is a better way to reduce the traffic
    • See Figure 6-11 on Page 149
  • With Server 2008 R2, DFS supports read-only DFS replica
    • A complete copy of the content folder from the corporate office is replicated to the branch offices
    • To protect data from unauthorized modifications at the branch office locations
branch cache
Branch Cache
  • Branch cache can operate in one of two modes:
    • Hosted cache mode
    • Distributed cache mode
  • Create a WAN accelerator where information is cached on branch computers
    • BranchCache supports IPv4, IPv6, and end-to-end encryption methods such as SSL and Ipsec
assignment
Assignment
  • Summarize the chapter in your own word
    • At least 75 words
    • Due BEFOREclass start on Thursday
  • Lab 6
    • Due BEFORE class start on Monday