Person-Occupation-Environment PEO Model - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Person-Occupation-Environment PEO Model

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    1. Person-Occupation-Environment (PEO) Model Emily K. Schulz, PhD, OTR/L OT 606

    2. Transactional Approach occupational performance may be better described as the product of a dynamic, interwoven relationship that exists among people, their occupations and roles, work and play (p.10). people now consider the environment from a more complex transactive view rather than from an interactive perspective (p.10).

    3. Transactional Approach a transactional approach assumes an interdependence of person and environment. In this approach, it is acknowledged that behaviour is influenced and cannot be separated from contextual influences, temporal factors, and physical and psychological characteristics (p.10).

    4. Transactional Approach The unit of measurement studied using a transactional approach is an event and the meaning of that event to participants (p.10)

    5. Environment The term environment is defined as those contexts and situations which occur outside individuals and elicits responses from them It includes the personal, social and physical environment (p.10).

    6. Environmental Factors Physical - the built and natural environments Psychosocial - attitudes, family, and government Environmental Factors: Cultural, economic, legal, political, physical, social; influencing the person, home, neighborhood, community, province (state), and country.

    7. The person a unique being who assumes a variety of roles simultaneously. Roles are: dynamic, varying across time and context in their importance, duration, and significance. The person is seen holistically a composite of mind, body and spiritual qualities. Each person calls upon a set of skills, attributes and life experiences to engage in occupational performance. (p.16).

    8. The Environment This..definition gives equal importance to the cultural, socio-economic, institutional, physical, and social considerations [and ] considers each of these domains from the unique perspective of the person, household, neighbourhood, or community (p.16).

    9. Activity, Task, and Occupation(s) Activity - considered to be the basic unit of a task a singular pursuit in which a person engages as part of his/her occupational experience. (EX: writing). Task - a set of purposeful activities in which a person engages (EX: the obligation to write a report). Occupation - Groups of self-directed, functional tasks and activities in which a person engages over time. those clusters of activities and tasks in which the person engages in order to meet his/her intrinsic needs for self-maintenance, expression and fulfillment. (EX: a managerial position requiring that a person write reports frequently).

    10. Temporal Aspects Time patterns and rhythms that encompass the occupational routines of individuals over a day, week, or longer [and] represent the lifespan of the person. (p.16)

    11. Occupational Performance The outcome of the transaction of the person, environment, and occupation the dynamic experience of a person engaged in purposeful activities and tasks within an environment. (p.16).

    12. Person-Environment-Occupation Model of Occupational Performance

    13. Person-Environment-Occupation Model of Occupational Performance Across the Lifespan

    14. Changes to Occupational Performance from Changes in P-E-O- Fit

    15. Effect of Intervention to Change Environment on Occupational Performance

    16. The Person-Environment-Occupation Model of Occupational Performance in Occupational Therapy

    17. Activity Alone, with a partner, or a group, refer to the Law et al (1996) article and respond to the questions on the handout. Be prepared to share your answers with the rest of the group.

    18. Questions and Answers ?