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Objective: To examine the Teapot Dome Scandal and the Kellogg-Briand Pact. Do Now: What was the Ohio Gang, and what problems did Charles Forbes cause for President Harding? (p.719) • The “Ohio Gang” were President Harding’s friends, whom he appointed to his Cabinet. • Charles Forbes, appointed by Harding as the head of the Veteran’s Bureau, stole millions of dollars from the bureau. “I can take care of my enemies all right, but my friends keep me walking the floors at night.” - President Warren Harding
The Teapot Dome Scandal Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center on the Teapot Dome Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3 near Midwest, Wyoming. • In the early part of the 20th century large oil reserves • were discovered at Elk Hills, California and Teapot • Dome, Wyoming.
In 1912 President William Taft • decided that the government owned • the land and its oil reserves should • be set aside for the use of the • United States Navy. • On 4th June, 1920, Congress passed a bill that stated that the Secretary of the Navy would have the power "to conserve, develop, use and operate the same in his discretion, directly or by contract, lease, or otherwise, and to use, store, exchange, or sell the oil and gas products thereof, and those from all royalty oil from lands in the naval reserves, for the benefit of the United States."
In March of 1921, President Warren Harding appointed Albert Fall as Secretary of the Interior. Secretary of the Interior Albert Fall Pres. Warren Harding
But that’s Naval property! You can’t drill there! Why didn’t you say so, Ed? You’ve got a deal! Secretary of the Interior Albert Fall Yo, Albert buddy! How about letting Edward and I drill for oil in Elk Hills and Teapot Dome! Maybe $100,000 would help you change your mind! Harry Sinclair (Mammoth Oil Corp.) Edward L. Doheny (Pan-American Petroleum)
Later that year Fall decided that two of his friends, Harry F. Sinclair (Mammoth Oil Corporation) and Edward L. Doheny (Pan-American Petroleum and Transport Company), should be allowed to lease part of these Naval Reserves. • In 1923, Harding died of a heart attack. Vice-President Calvin Coolidge took over.
In 1927, Fall was found guilty of accepting a $100,000 bribe from Doheny. He was forced to resign from office and spent one year in jail. • The land was naval property, and should not have been leased to private oil companies.
Declaring Peace · After World War I, the U.S. resumed an isolationist world view. · The United States worked towards disarmament in the 1920’s in an attempt to reduce the world’s supply of armed forces and weapons of war.
Kellogg-Briand Pact – signed by the U.S., along with 60 other nations, this treaty outlawed war. * However, there were no plans on how to keep the peace or how to punish a country that declared war on another.