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The Nursing PhD and DNP: A Panel Discussion

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  1. The Nursing PhD and DNP:A Panel Discussion Sponsored by the NIH Nurse Practitioners Special Interest Group November 19, 2009 National Institutes of Health Bethesda, Maryland

  2. Goal of Today’sPanel Discussion • Is: • Doctoral Education Career • Not—to convey that all nurses need to pursue doctoral education

  3. Is a PhD or DNP in Your Future? Robin Newhouse, RN, PhD, CNAA, BC, CNOR Assistant Dean, DNP Program Sue Thomas, RN, PhD, CNS-P, FAAN Assistant Dean, PhD Program University of Maryland School of Nursing

  4. Key Points of the DNP Practice doctorate – defined as any form of nursing intervention (Advanced Practice, Administration, Informatics) The DNP is the terminal practice degree that prepares graduates for the highest level of nursing practice

  5. Key Points of the PhD The PhD degree is the research focused terminal degree Prepares the individual to conduct independent research

  6. Contrast of Key Differences DNP Prepares for the highest level of practice Commitment to practice career Oriented toward improving outcomes of care Practice Intensive PhD/DNS/DNSc Prepares for the highest level of research Commitment to research career Oriented toward developing new knowledge Research Intensive

  7. DNP PRACTICE EDUCATION RESEARCH

  8. PhD RESEARCH EDUCATION PRACTICE

  9. DNP or PhD? Both programs require rigorous plan of study Terminal degree Prepare leaders in the field of nursing Both prepare nurse educators

  10. Resources Needed DNP Mentors in leadership Access to diverse practice settings Financial aid PhD/DNS/DNSc Mentors in research Access to active programs of funded research Dissertation support

  11. Considering Doctoral Education? Essential Characteristics of Doctoral Candidates Vision Passion Focus Persistence Resourceful

  12. Current DNP Program Status 92 Schools are offering DNP 102 developing DNP University of Maryland DNP Program Began September 2006

  13. Current Status of PhD Programs 111 Schools offer a PhD program 15 are developing a PhD Program University of Maryland Program began in 1979 and it is the 16th Nursing PhD Program in the United States

  14. Consistency Across DNP Programs Essentials of the Doctoral Education for Advanced Practice Nursing DNP Essentials DNP tool box http://www.aacn.nche.edu

  15. DNP Essentials DNP Core: Outcome competencies deemed essential for all graduates Specialty Competencies/Content: Clinical and didactic learning experiences focused on preparing the DNP graduate for specialty which is defined by the specialty organizations

  16. Eight Core Essentials Health Care Policy for Advocacy in Health Care Interprofessional Collaboration for Improving Patient and Population Health Care Outcomes Clinical Prevention and Population Health for Improving the Nation’s Health Advanced Nursing Practice

  17. Eight Core Essentials Scientific Underpinnings for Practice Organizational and Systems Leadership for Quality Improvement and Systems Thinking Clinical Scholarship and Analytical Methods for Evidence Based Practice Information Systems/Technology and Patient Care Technology for the Improvement and Transformation of Health Care

  18. The Focus of the DNP Clinical decision making Evidence based research Research utilization in clinical practice Organizational and systems leadership Informations systems and technology Health care policy Clinical prevention and population health

  19. Consistency Across PhD Programs All prepare graduates to do independent research Dissertations are evidence of capacity to develop, conduct and analyze complex nursing research problems

  20. Focus of the PhD Acquiring the tools to do research Theory Research Design Statistics Developing their area of specialization Education Practice Research

  21. University of Maryland DNP Program A post-master’s option 38 credit program 19 core 15 elective 4 capstone Capstone project Emphasis on evidence-based practice

  22. Entry Options for Admission to PhD Program Post-Masters BSN to PhD 63 credit program Dissertation Emphasis on Research for discovery, practice or education

  23. University of Maryland PhD Program 60 to 63 credits 6 credits of Theory 3 credits of Measurement 14 credits of Design and Statistics 5 credits Research Rotation 6 credits Practica 12 credits Dissertation 15 credits of electives

  24. Roles of the DNP Graduate Practice leadership roles Faculty positions responsible for clinical program delivery High level executive positions Policy development in clinical practice

  25. Roles of the PhD Graduates Independent Researcher Faculty positions Practice leadership roles High level executive positions Policy development

  26. Money Currently all full time PhD students have Full tuition paid for 9 have fellowships from $9,500 to 27,000 per year

  27. Controversy Evidence to support need for DNP vs MS Extending time to graduation Diversity in degrees Decreased enrollment in MS and PhD programs Reduction in knowledge generation BS to DNP

  28. Conclusion DNP programs are a solution to the faculty shortage Will enhance nursing science Will prepare leaders in nursing practice Encourage nurses to pursue advanced degrees at earlier ages Encourage and financially support full time study