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Firefighter I - . Firefighting Basic Tools. Introduction to Basic Tools. Insert short video clip of chapter author describing the importance of this section of the manual. Introduction– Section Slide. Chapter Objectives. Introduction. Following completion, the student shall be able to:.

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firefighter i

Firefighter I -

Firefighting Basic Tools

introduction to basic tools
Introduction to Basic Tools

Insert short video clip of chapter author describing the importance of this section of the manual

chapter objectives
Chapter Objectives

Introduction

Following completion, the student shall be able to:

List and describe general-purpose firefighting tools and equipment

Name a tool in a given picture with 100% accuracy

List and describe the safety considerations of each tool

Identify tools used during forcible entry

chapter objectives1
Chapter Objectives

Introduction

Following completion, the student shall be able to:

Identify tools during overhaul

Identify tools used in fire attack

Describe the maintenance requirements for each type of tool and equipment

Describe cleaning and inspection procedures prior to and after use of tools

tools in the fire service
Tools in the Fire Service

Introduction

  • Firefighting is a labor intensive, tool dependant occupation
  • Firefighters need to master the use of firefighting tools
tools in the fire service1
Tools in the Fire Service

Introduction

  • Tools should be used as an extension of one’s body
  • Allows firefighters to multiply their force or leverage
basic tools classifications
Basic Tools Classifications

Introduction

Categories of Tools

  • Cutting
  • Cutting and striking
  • Striking
  • Pushing
  • Pulling
  • Prying
  • Use images from provided by Fire Engineering
types of cutting tools
Types of Cutting Tools

Cutting Tools

  • Engine and truck companies carry two types of hand tools that strictly cut

Pick-Head Axes

Bolt Cutters

features of a pick head axe
Features of a Pick-Head Axe

Cutting Tools

  • Single-bit axe
  • An ideal axe head weighs 8 lbs
  • Blade should be a smooth surface free of necks and dings
features of a pick head axe1
Features of a Pick-Head Axe

Cutting Tools

  • Opposite the blade is the pick
    • Pierces materials to create a starting point for cutting
    • Can be used to shatter materials
cutting with a pick head axe
Cutting with a Pick-Head Axe

Cutting Tools

  • Make sure the area is clear of personnel
  • Accuracy is key to effectively using any axe
  • If the same spot is hit each time, a hole can easily be made
cutting with a pick head axe1
Cutting with a Pick-Head Axe

Cutting Tools

  • The following will work against you:
    • Gravity
    • Wind
    • Bad weather
    • Burning structure
    • Weight and restrictions of turnout gear
swinging a pick head axe
Swinging a Pick-Head Axe

Cutting Tools

  • Grasp the handle firmly and select a comfortable stance
  • Spread feet and center body weight
  • Flex your knees
swinging a pick head axe1
Swinging a Pick-Head Axe

Cutting Tools

  • Hands should not go higher than shoulders when swinging
  • Do not let the axe head go behind head and shoulders
swinging a pick head axe2
Swinging a Pick-Head Axe

Cutting Tools

When Swinging the Axe

  • Insert Video Clip of Firefighter Swinging an axe
  • Slide one hand along the shaft to meet the hand grasping the bottom
  • Swinging with one arm stiffened or “pushing” the tool will cause you to tire quickly
swinging a pick head axe3
Swinging a Pick-Head Axe

Cutting Tools

When Swinging the Axe

  • Let the weight of the axe do the work
  • Concentrate on accuracy
  • The blade should strike the surface at a slight angle
swinging a pick head axe4
Swinging a Pick-Head Axe

Cutting Tools

  • Video of pick-head axe in use outlining the previously covered techniques
  • Audio overlay describing the actions
freeing a jammed pick head axe
Freeing a Jammed Pick-Head Axe

Cutting Tools

  • Do not pull as you may lose your balance and fall
  • Work the axe handle up and down a few times to release the blade
freeing a jammed pick head axe1
Freeing a Jammed Pick-Head Axe

Cutting Tools

If the blade is deeply stuck:

  • Grip the handle with one hand and grasp the pick with the other
  • Work the axe head back and forth to release the blade
using the pick side of a pick head axe
Using the Pick Side of a Pick-Head Axe

Cutting Tools

  • Used to create a “starting” hole
    • Some materials may be too thick or have too much spring to allow for immediate cutting
using the pick side of a pick head axe1
Using the Pick Side of a Pick-Head Axe

Cutting Tools

  • Flip axe over and set your stance
  • Swing like you were using the blade side
  • Maintain a firm grip on the handle
  • Let the weight of the tool drive the pick
using the pick side of a pick head axe2
Using the Pick Side of a Pick-Head Axe

Cutting Tools

  • Video of Firefighter swinging the axe with the pick side out addressing previously described techniques
freeing a jammed pick
Freeing a Jammed Pick

Cutting Tools

Don’t Pull

  • Push handle forward a little and pull back toward you
freeing a jammed pick1
Freeing a Jammed Pick

Cutting Tools

If it Remains Jammed:

  • Lower to handle so it is parallel with the cutting surface
  • Rotate the handle 15° in either direction
bolt cutters
Bolt Cutters

Cutting Tools

  • Provide a quick and easy method of cutting through various items
  • It is crucial to use cutters appropriate for the materials being cut
bolt cutters1
Bolt Cutters

Cutting Tools

  • Dielectric bolt and wire cutters are not used by firefighters
  • Never cut through energized electrical lines
features of bolt cutters
Features of Bolt Cutters

Cutting Tools

  • Made of high quality carbon steel
  • Have long fiberglass handles with rubber grips
using bolt cutters
Using Bolt Cutters

Cutting Tools

  • Evaluate material to be cut
  • Wear full PPE and eye protection
  • Know what will occur if you cut something
    • Cutting cables or cords could release something being held
cutting locks with bolt cutters
Cutting Locks with Bolt Cutters

Cutting Tools

  • Cut shackle high on the shackle
    • Gives you another place to get a purchase
    • Cutting too close to the lock can jam the cutters
cutting locks with bolt cutters1
Cutting Locks with Bolt Cutters

Cutting Tools

  • Not designed to cut through case-hardened steel
  • Don’t try to “force it” using two firefighters
  • Select a different tool
other uses of bolt cutters
Other Uses of Bolt Cutters

Cutting Tools

  • Removing wire mesh or lath during overhaul
  • Twisting off battery terminals on cars and trucks
  • Insert Image of Bolt cutters removing wire mesh during overhaul