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CBRF Fire Safety Training. Developed by: University of Wisconsin Oshkosh Center for Career Development (CCDET) Approved by: Wisconsin Department of Health Services Division of Quality Assurance Bureau of Assisted Living . Learning Points. Understand the nature of fire

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CBRF Fire Safety Training


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. CBRF Fire Safety Training Developed by: University of Wisconsin Oshkosh Center for Career Development (CCDET) Approved by: Wisconsin Department of Health Services Division of Quality Assurance Bureau of Assisted Living

    2. Learning Points • Understand the nature of fire • Recognize fire hazards • Learn about early warning systems • Understand the use of fire extinguishers • Focus on the evacuation needs of residents • Follow the CBRF emergency and disaster plan • Respond well in an emergency

    3. Understanding the Basics of Fire • A room can become completely engulfed in flames in 2 minutes • Many overestimate evacuation times • Why is it so important to know how to react to a fire emergency in a CBRF? • About fire – a chemical reaction Activity: Being Prepared/Video

    4. What Causes Fire • The Fire Triangle - 3 components that create fire • Fuel, heat, oxygen • The Fire Tetrahedron - 4 components needed to produce and maintain fire • Fuel, heat, oxygen & uninhibited chain reaction

    5. Fire Concepts • To stop a fire, eliminate one of the components: • Cool the burning material • Exclude oxygen • Remove the fuel • Break the chemical reaction • Products of Combustion • Flames, smoke, carbon monoxide

    6. More Fire Concepts • Transfer of Heat • Conduction, convection, radiation • Stages of Fire • Special Circumstances • Classifications of Fire Activity: Identify Flammable Materials/Summary

    7. Prevention • Kitchens/Cooking • Smoking • Electrical • Heating systems • Burning candles • Bedrooms • Clothes dryers What are the most common causes of fire?

    8. Fires in CBRFs • What are the main causes? • Who is at risk? • What conditions prevent residents from living independently?

    9. Early Warning Systems and Equipment • Smoke alarms • Heat detectors • Manual pull stations • Sprinkler systems • Carbon monoxide detectors • Fire blankets • Fire extinguishers

    10. Types of Fire Extinguishers

    11. More Information • Fire Extinguishers in CBRFs • Placement and Mounting of Fire Extinguishers • Special Requirements Activity: Locate the Equipment in Your Facility

    12. CBRF Evacuation Requirements • Size of the Facility • Licensing Categories How is your CBRF licensed?

    13. Resident Assessment Requirements • Within 3 days of moving in • Re-evaluated at least annually or upon a change in condition • Know the needs of each resident before an emergency occurs Activity: Resident Evacuation Assessment

    14. Evacuation Times and Fire Safety Requirements • Under 2 minutes • 2 – 4 minutes • Over 4 minutes

    15. Other Forms of Evacuation • Point of Rescue - emergency services evacuation from resident’s room • Area of Refuge - a specially constructed room to protect residents while waiting for evacuation • Horizontal Evacuation - moving residents to another part of the building on the same level Note: All exits must be unobstructed

    16. The CBRF Emergency and Disaster Plan • Plan Requirements • Orderly evacuation • Meeting the needs of all residents • Severe weather plans • Caring for residents during evacuation • Exit Diagram • Exit routes • Smoke compartments (not all CBRFs) • Meeting place outside the CBRF

    17. Other Fire Safety Requirements • Posting emergency phone numbers • Informing residents • Smoking • Fire drills • Working with the local fire department Activity: Inspection Checklist

    18. Steps to Save Lives: RACE(E) • Rescue • Activatethe alarm • Control • Evacuate • Extinguish

    19. Fire Extinguishers: PASS • Pull the pin. • Aim low. • Squeeze the lever slowly and evenly • Sweep the nozzle from side-to-side Activity: Using a Fire Extinguisher

    20. Tips to Remember • Feel doors before opening • For persons in bed: roll and crawl • If clothes catch on fire: stop, drop and roll • Go to the pre-designated meeting place • Never re-enter a burning building • Work with the fire department and emergency personnel

    21. More About Severe Weather • Tornados • Flooding • Other emergencies or disasters • Disaster plan must include steps for severe weather including drills • Disaster reporting required

    22. Case Studies • Oak City • Greentree Avenue • Fairview Which parts of the emergency plan or fire safety measures were: • carried out well during this fire emergency? • not followed?

    23. Learning Points Review • Understand the nature of fire • Recognize fire hazards • Learn about early warning systems • Understand the use of fire extinguishers • Focus on the evacuation needs of residents • Follow the CBRF emergency and disaster plan • Respond well in an emergency