Medieval Literature . From the fall of Rome to the Renaissance . English & French Literature. Dominated by: The epic Beowulf The romance Song of Roland (early) Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (late) The allegory The Canterbury Tales The Divine Comedy The folk tale The lyric
From the fall of Rome to the Renaissance
Celts in Britain
King Alfred against
Spread of Christianity
Julius Caesar invades Britain
Celts defeated by Claudius
Romans evacuate their troops
A.D. 449 The Anglo-Saxons push the Celts into the far west of the country.
Day of week
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
The Anglo-Saxon religion
The Anglo-Saxon bards
Why were the scops important?
Around A.D. 400
By A.D. 699
'Ourefadirþat art in heueneshalwid be þi name; þireume or kyngdom come to be. Be þiwille don in herþe as it is douninheuene. yeue to us today oureechedayes bred. And foryeue to us ouredettisþat is ouresynnys as we foryeuen to ouredettourisþat is to men þathansynned in us. And lede us not into temptacion but delyuere us from euyl.'
'Our father which art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts as we forgive our debters. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.'
History of Arthurian Legend and Courtly Love
The Arthurian Legend is a compilation of stories and romances
his adventures as knight
adulterous love affair between Lancelot and Guinevere
Courtly Love or “The Romance”
Sermon written by Pope Innocent III
Book 2 page 96
Bifil that in that seson on a day,In Southwerk at the Tabard as I layRedy to wenden on my pilgrymageTo Caunterbury with ful devout corage,At nyght was come into that hostelryeWel nyne and twenty in a compaignyeOf sondry folk, by aventure yfalleIn felaweshipe, and pilgrimes were they alle,That toward Caunterbury wolden ryde.The chambres and the stables weren wyde,And wel we weren esed atte beste.And shortly, whan the sonne was to reste,So hadde I spoken with hem everichonThat I was of hir felaweshipe anon,And made forward erly for to ryse,To take oure wey ther as I yow devyse.The General Prologue
Cathedral of Canterbury
3 young men of drunk and riotous behavior search for Death.
An old man whom they insult tells them that Death lies up the hill under a tree.
They find bags of gold and plot to send the youngest for food and wine and then kill him for the gold.
He returns with poisoned wine and all die.
“The love of money is the root of all evil.”