Semicolons, colons, and dashes

1 / 15

# Semicolons, colons, and dashes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Semicolons, colons, and dashes. SEMICOLONS. Use a semicolon between independent clauses that are closely related in thought and are not joined by a coordinating conjunction (and, or, but, nor, for, so, yet).

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

## PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Semicolons, colons, and dashes' - iorwen

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

### Semicolons, colons, and dashes

Use a semicolon between independent clauses that are closely related in thought and are not joined by a coordinating conjunction (and, or, but, nor, for, so, yet)

• The rain had finally stopped; a few rays of sunshine were pushing their way through the breaks in the clouds.
• Owning a dog is a big responsibility; a dog requires training, grooming, and regular exercise.
• Do not use a semicolon to join independent clauses unless there is a close relationship between the main ideas of the clauses.
Use a semicolon between independent clauses joined by a conjunctive adverb or a transitional expression.

The snowfall made travelling difficult;nevertheless, we arrived home safely.

Denisa plays baseball well;in fact, she would like to try out for a major-league team.

A semicolon (rather than a comma) may be needed before a coordinating conjunction to join independent clauses that contain commas.
• Some monarch butterflies migrate all the way from Canada to California, to Florida, or to Mexico; and then, come spring, they head north again.
• I wanted to register for biology, volleyball, and conversational Spanish; but only calculus, golf, and intermediate German were available during late registration.
Use a semicolon between items in a series if the items contain commas.
• The club’s president has appointed the following people to chair the standing committees: Richard Stokes, planning; Rebecca Hartely, membership; Salvador Berrios, financial; and Ann Jeng, legal.
• The collection of short stories includes “The Circuit,”by Francisco Jimenez; “The Iguana Killer,” by Alberto Rios; and “Everybody Knows Tobie,” by Daniel Garza.
Use a colon to mean “note what follows.

Use a colon before a list of items, especially after expressions such as as follows and the following.

• Prior to 1722, the Iroquois Confederation consisted of five American Indian nations: Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca.
• My brother is working on a multimedia presentation featuring the following women: Mary Baker Eddy, Clara Barton, Maria Mitchell, Mary Church Terrell, Susan B. Anthony, and Sarah Winnemucca.
Do not use a colon between a verb and its complement(s) or between a preposition and it(s) objects.
Use a colon before a long, formal statement or quotation.
• Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address begins with these famous words: “Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.”
Use a colon between independent clauses when the second clause explains or restates the idea of the first.
• Lois felt that she had done something worthwhile: She had designed and sewn her first quilt.
• Thomas Jefferson had many talents: He was a writer, a politician, an architect, and an inventor.
Use a colon in certain conventional situations.
• Use a colon between the hour and the minute.
• 7:30 P.M.
• Use a colon between a title and subtitle.
• Superman IV: The Quest for Peace
• Use a colon after the salutation of a business letter.
• To Whom It May Concern: