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Czech Alternative and Underground scene. 1968 - 1990´s. Post 68: requalifications exams. Gustáv Husák : general secretary in 1969 Concerts had to be officialy allowed No English names or lyrics Long hair not allowed on the TV screen – police haircuts of Czech hippies strategies:

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post 68 requalifications exams
Post 68: requalifications exams
  • Gustáv Husák : general secretary in 1969
  • Concerts had to be officialy allowed
  • No English names or lyrics
  • Long hair not allowed on the TV screen – police haircuts of Czech hippies

strategies:

  • Mainstream – Korn, Petr Novak, Spaleny,
  • Instrumental: Blue Effekt, Jazz Q, Collegium Musicum
  • Emmigration: Ivan Kral
  • Resignation – Marta Kubišová
  • Underground – PPU, DG 307, etc.
underground
underground
  • Manifesto by Martin Ivan Jirous (Magor-Loony) The Third Czech Music Revival
  • The Plastic People of the Universe (Egon Bondy’s Lonely Hearts Club Banned)
    • Remarkably original music – electronic experiments + free jazz
    • Connecting intellectual world and spontaneous rock outcasts
    • 1971 Homage to Andy Warhol (Velvet Underground)
      • Illegal screening of his movies Mud, Sleep and Meal
    • PPU gradually forbidden to perform in public, harassed by the police
  • DG 307 Pavel Z + Mejla Hlavsa
  • Umela hmota
underground and dissent
Underground and dissent
  • 1976, PPU jailed – supported by Václav Havel  Charter 77
    • Havel Oragnised two concerts of PPU at Hrádeček
  • Rock  democratic opposition
  • Olga Havlová
  • Sváťa Karásek – protestant religion
  • 1977 Theatre Rubín – actors jailed for spreading Chart 77
ivan martin jirous 1945 2011
Ivan Martin Jirous 1945‒2011
  • Poet laureate, Swan songs
  • Studied art history, influenced by Fluxus, happening, Andy Warhol
  • Mastermind of “Third Czech Musical Revival”, manager of the PPU
ppu 1979
PPU 1979
  • Ladislav Klíma anniversary
    • Suffering of the Prince Sternenhoch – a grotesque tale of horror
    • radical individualism, influenced by Nietzsche
jazzov sekce
Jazzová sekce
  • Valdštejnská 14, Prague 1
  • Jazz Section,negotiated by Karel Srp1971 with authorities limit 3,000 members.
  • Activities:
  • Publishing – bulletins on contemporary culture and philosophy (Štyrský, Seifert, Hrabal), Jazz Petit, rock encyclopedia, 1984 Nobel Prize acceptance speech by Jaroslav Seifert.
  • festivals“Jazz” Days
    • Since 1974
    • since 76 rock
  • Lectures on philosophy and on the action art
  • Banned in 1984 – continued even though
  • 1985 home searches, interroagtions
  • Members jailed 1986-1987 (Karel Srp) for illegal (not allowed) business – selling books
  • Trial = first huge open resistance to the communist regime;
    • Participation of the Chartists
eugen brikcius
Eugen Brikcius
  • Křižovnice School of Pure Humor Without Witt (Crusaders´ School of Pure Humor Without Jokes)
  • Performance
    • 1967 Thanksgiving – breadloafs brought to the baroque Vrtba Garden to the feet of young girls
    • Looking on and Idea of an Image
  • Poetry in latin
    • Jailed in 1973-74 with Magor for quire singing in a bar
    • Allen Ginsberg, Lawrence Ferlinghetti
  • Signed Charter 77
  • 1980 emigrated to Vienna
chramostov and milota
Chramostová and Milota

Chramostová - actress

Milota - cameraman

The Cremator with Chramostová, 1968

Burrials of Seifert and Patočka – StB

1st director of the office of Václav Havel after 1989 – demonstratively quit

Home theater : Seifert, All the Beauty of the World, 1976, banned in the 1980´s

„Long Time Ago= On Burrying in the Czech Country“ – on the life of Božena Němcová, 1979

Actualised after the burrial of Patočka who died after StB auditions

London, Austria

  • „Action Norbert“ – in the case of the danger for the republic they were supposed to be physically liquidated within 24 hours
  • Jailed for collecting signatures for a petition to release Havel from a prison
  • Played Babička (Němcová´s „Grandmother“): „Eyes that have cried can see better“
alternative scene 1980
Alternative scene 1980
  • Prazsky vyber
    • Michael Kocáb
czech new wave 1981 5
Czech New Wave 1981-5
  • Connection of rock with film, theatre, art
  • performance connected with hippie culture, trans tribal meetings, like Frank Zappa, who experimented with classical music and improvized jazz.
    • 1990 Zappa in Prague - Joska Skalník (we will beat Zappa out of your head – StB)
ps voj ci
Psí vojáci
  • Prague band led by pianist, singer, composer, and poet Filip Topol (*1965. With brother Jachym first concert 1979 when most members were only 13.
  • 1978 Filip Topol at Hrádeček (Havel) as support before PPU (Easter Passion Plays)
  • 1979 first audition at the StB
  • 1981 Veltrusy „Baroque in Bohemia“ – cave under the greenhouse
  • 1994 Movie Razor Blades
j chym topol 196 2
Jáchym Topol *1962
  • Poet, writer, teacher
  • Son of dissident dramatist Josef Topol
  • Brother of musician Filip Topol of Psí Vojáci
  • Started samizdat literary Revolver Review.
slide15
PUNK
  • New social movement of independent life
  • Civic society – first attempt to practice independent social activities after 1968
  • Punk as a part of “new wave” (generation)
  • Import from the West faster (tapes, video)
  • Czech – urban industrial folkore (Czech folk, underground, alternative)
u jsme doma
Už jsme doma
  • Originally from Teplice
  • Hussite chants, punk energy.
  • Unusual additions – choirs, medieval instruments
  • Mira Wanek composer
  • Martin Velisek artist