Raves club drugs and drugs of abuse
Download
1 / 95

Raves, Club Drugs, and Drugs of Abuse - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 140 Views
  • Updated On :

Raves, Club Drugs, and Drugs of Abuse. Dr. Milton H. Cambridge Demand Reduction Outreach and Prevention Coordinator. Raves. Early 80’s subculture in England Clandestine or commercialized Loud “techno” music/dancing Lights and visual stimuli Promoted as Alcohol Free

Related searches for Raves, Club Drugs, and Drugs of Abuse

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Raves, Club Drugs, and Drugs of Abuse' - iona


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Raves club drugs and drugs of abuse

Raves, Club Drugs, and Drugs of Abuse

Dr. Milton H. Cambridge

Demand Reduction Outreach and Prevention Coordinator


Raves
Raves

  • Early 80’s subculture in England

  • Clandestine or commercialized

  • Loud “techno” music/dancing

  • Lights and visual stimuli

  • Promoted as Alcohol Free

  • Club drugs bought, sold, consumed

  • Unique costumes or themes


Environment
Environment

  • All night event

  • Clandestine – warehouses, deserts, woods, etc.

  • Commercialized – established clubs

  • Hot

  • Loud

  • Crowded

  • Dancing

  • Criminal element often present


Promotions
Promotions

  • 14-25 year olds targeted group

  • Alcohol-free events

  • Appearance of not promoting drug use

  • Websites, posters, word of mouth

  • Paraphernalia – available on internet

  • Spiritual or cultural stimulation/ enhancement

    • One website “rated” the social and sexual performance, hangover, and spiritual effects of drugs – no mention of dangers


Rave paraphernalia
Rave Paraphernalia

  • Water bottles

  • Light sticks

  • Pacifers

  • Bags of small candy/breath mints

  • Eye-drop bottles

  • Dust & surgical masks/Vick’s Vapo-Rub

  • Caffeinated beverages

  • OTC stimulants


Dangers
Dangers

  • Dehydration

  • Hyperthermia (high body temperature)

    • Caused by drugs, heat, and dehydration

  • Drug use (intentional or unintentional)

  • Crime (sexual & physical assault, homicide, robbery, property damage, etc.)

  • Crowds

  • Hearing loss over long periods of exposure

  • Lack of compliance with safety regulations


Club drugs and trend drugs
Club Drugs and Trend Drugs

  • Ecstasy

    • Ecstasy + Viagra

    • Ecstasy + Prozac

    • Ecstasy + Ketamine

    • Ecstasy + LSD

  • Methamphetamine

  • PMA

  • 4-MTA

  • GHB

  • LSD

  • Ketamine

  • Rohypnol

  • Viagra

  • Oxycodone

  • PCP

  • Heroin

  • Inhalants

  • Marijuana

  • Dextromethorphan


3 4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine
3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine

  • E, XTC, X, rolling, tachas, snackies, speedies

  • Stimulant and hallucinogenic properties

  • Effects: increased stimuli & sensations

  • Signs: euphoria, involuntary teeth grinding

  • Causes memory loss, brain damage, “Alzheimer’s”

  • OD: hyperthermia, teeth clenching, seizures, unconsciousness, heart failure, heat stroke

  • Route: ingested, snorted, injected

  • Onset/Duration: 30-60 minutes/4-6 hours


Total ecstasy ed mentions
Total Ecstasy ED Mentions

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network


Ecstasy ed mentions per 100 000 pop
Ecstasy ED Mentionsper 100,000 pop.


Methamphetamine
Methamphetamine

  • Speed, ice, crystal, crank, batu, christmas trees, pink, elbows, Ozs, cinnamon, blade

  • Schedule II, stimulant for ADD, narcolepsy

  • Signs: tachycardia, hypertension, hyperthermia, violent behavior

  • OD: agitation, hostility, hallucinations, seizures, hyperthermia, death

  • Chronic use causes paranoia, hallucinations, picking at the skin, violent & erratic behavior

  • Route: ingested, smoked, snorted, injected

  • Onset/Duration: depends on route/6-8 hours


Raves club drugs and drugs of abuse
Yaba

  • Methamphetamine + caffeine

  • Crazy medicine, Hitler’s drug, Nazi speed

  • Red, orange, or green small pills, most commonly with “WY” stamped on them

  • Originated in Thailand

  • Signs: tachycardia, dehydration, paranoia, sweating, insomnia, irritability, hallucinations, depression

  • Route: Oral, inhalation, injection

  • Onset/Duration: depends on route/6-8 hours


Paramethoxyamphetamine
Paramethoxyamphetamine

  • PMA, 4-MA, death, Mitsubishi double stack

  • Synthetic hallucinogen

  • Signs: tachycardia, hypertension, dyspnea, hyperthermia, nystagmus, muscle spasms, visual hallucinations

  • OD: dysrhythmias, pulmonary edema, renal failure, vomiting, seizures, coma (60mg), extreme hyperthermia (>108 hours after death)

  • Onset/duration: depends on route

  • Route: ingested, inhaled, injected

  • Esp. hazardous with other amphetamines, alcohol, cocaine, prozac


4 methylthioamphetamine
4-Methylthioamphetamine

  • 4-MTA, MTA, flatliners, golden eagle

  • Resembles amphetamine, developed as an anti-depressant, releases serotonin

  • Effects: Stimulant/euphoric effects

  • Signs: restlessness, muscle twitches, involuntary muscle contractions, tremors, seizures, coma

  • Duration: up to 12 hours

  • Route: ingested

  • Unknown toxicity & side effects

  • Sold as ecstasy



Methamphetamine ed mentions
Methamphetamine ED Mentions

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network


Amphetamines ed mentions
Amphetamines ED Mentions

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network


Amphetamines ed mentions per 100 000 pop
Amphetamines ED Mentionsper 100,000 pop.

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network


Raves club drugs and drugs of abuse
GHB

  • Gamma Hydroxybutyrate, C4H8O3

  • Georgia Home Boy, Grievous Bodily Harm, liquid X, goop

  • Made from sodium / potassium hydrochloride & gamma-butylrolactone (GBL)

  • Signs: drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, status seizures, respiratory depression/cheyne-stokes, coma

  • OD: unconsciousness, muscle stiffness, seizures, severe respiratory depression, coma

  • Route: ingested (liquid)

  • Onset/Duration: 10-20 minutes/2-4 hours

  • If made incorrectly, can burn mouth & esophagus


Ghb gbl ed mentions
GHB/GBL ED Mentions

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network


Raves club drugs and drugs of abuse
LSD

  • D-lysergic acid diethylamide

  • Acid, cid, blotter acid, “candy flipping”

  • Most powerful hallucinogen known

  • Put in gel wraps, breath fresheners, “Smartie” candies, blotters, sugar cubes

  • Signs: hallucinations, tachycardia, hypertension, dilated pupils, hyperthermia, nausea, vomiting

  • OD: exaggerated signs as above, death is rare

  • Route: ingested, snorted, injected

  • Onset/duration: 20-90 minutes/6-12 hours


Lsd ed mentions
LSD ED Mentions

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network


Lsd ed mentions per 100 000 pop
LSD ED Mentionsper 100,000 pop.

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network


Ketamine hydrochloride
Ketamine Hydrochloride

  • Special K, K, Ket Kat, Cat Valium

  • Dissociative anesthetic

  • Signs: hallucinations, vomiting, hypertension, bradycardia, irrational behavior, seizures, respiratory depression, unconsciousness, hypoxia.

  • Long-term side effects of regular use unknown

  • Onset/duration: 15 sec-5 mins/30-60 mins

  • Route: Oral, snorted, injected

  • 4/21/02 – DEA seized 3,998 vials (Missouri)


Ketamine ed mentions
Ketamine ED Mentions

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network


Flunitrazepam rohypnol
Flunitrazepam (Rohypnol)

  • Roofies, Mexican valium, roach-2, rope, rib

  • Sedative, prevents seizures (not in the U.S.)

  • Signs: “drunkenness,” unsteadiness, slurred speech, drowsiness, amnesia

  • OD: CNS depression, bradycardia, coma, death

  • Used in the commission of “date rapes”

  • Onset/duration: rapid onset/8 hours or more

  • Route: dissolved in water, alcohol, other liquids; can be snorted



Sildenafil viagra
Sildenafil (Viagra®)

  • Trail mix, sextasy, hammerheading

  • Treatment of impotence

  • Used to counter sexual dysfunction caused by ecstasy

  • Dangerous with nitrates (amyl nitrate) or nitrites (heart medication)

  • >4 hours can cause anatomical damage


Oxycodone oxycontin
Oxycodone (Oxycontin®)

  • Oxys, oxycotton, OCs, killer, blue, valerie, rush

  • Analgesic, equally potent as morphine

  • Effects: Euphoria

  • Signs: euphoria, pinpoint pupils, dizziness, confusion, decreased breathing and heart rate

  • OD: respiratory depression, pinpoint pupils, coma, seizures

  • Onset/duration: depends on route/8-12 hours

  • Route: snorted, ingested, injected

  • Narcan will reverse effects


Oxycodone ed mentions
Oxycodone ED Mentions*

* Includes mentions for oxycodone, acetaminophen-oxycodone and aspirin-oxycodone

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network


Cocaine
Cocaine

  • Powder: blow, coke, snow, yao, DP, perico, p-packs

  • Crack: rock, bullets, ma’a, monkey nut, yam, CDs

  • Most powerful natural stimulant

  • Effects: Stimulant

  • Signs: dysrhythmias, chest pain, increased heart and respiratory rates, hypertension, dilated pupils, restlessness, blurred vision, dizziness, seizures

  • “Crack Lung”: chest pain, cough w/hemoptysis, dyspnea, bronchospasm, pruritis.

  • OD: hyperthermia, hallucinations, seizures, respiratory failure, death

  • Onset/duration: 4-6 secs/depends on amount

  • Route: injected, snorted, smoked


Cocaine ed mentions
Cocaine ED Mentions

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network


Cocaine ed mentions per 100 000 pop
Cocaine ED Mentionsper 100,000 pop.

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network


Phenyl cyclohexyl piperidine pcp
Phenyl Cyclohexyl Piperidine (PCP)

  • Embalming fluid, rocket fuel, elephant, hog

  • Veterinary analgesic

  • Signs: delirium, violent & erratic behavior, hypertension, tachycardia, rapid & shallow breathing, sweating, flushed skin

  • OD: bizarre, violent and self-destructive behavior, feelings of invulnerability

  • Onset/duration: depends on route/4-8 hours

  • Route: injected, snorted, smoked


Pcp ed mentions
PCP ED Mentions

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network


Pcp ed mentions per 100 000 pop
PCP ED Mentionsper 100,000 pop.

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network


Heroin
Heroin

  • 747, bart simpson, dinosaur, homicide, Monica Lewinski, Bin Laden, Jerry Springer

  • Developed as an alternate to morphine

  • Signs: respiratory depression, constricted pupils, nausea & vomiting, warm flushed skin, and dry mouth. User goes “on the nod”

  • OD: severe respiratory depression, apnea, coma, death

  • Onset/duration: 1 min/several hours

  • Route: ingested, injected, snorted, smoked


Heroin ed mentions
Heroin ED Mentions

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network


Heroin ed mentions per 100 000 pop
Heroin ED Mentionsper 100,000 pop.

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network


Inhalants
Inhalants

  • Bagging, huffing

  • Petroleum or chemical product with strong fumes

  • Signs: euphoria followed by depression, stimulation, distortions in time & space, headache, nausea & vomiting, slurred speech, loss of motor coordination, wheezing, dyspnea

  • OD: coma, apnea, heart failure, death

  • Onset/duration: instantaneous/short duration

  • 2% of 4th and 12th graders used monthly (1998)

  • 2% of 8th graders used at least once (1999)


Inhalant ed mentions
Inhalant ED Mentions

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network


Top 10 inhalants 1995 2002
Top 10 Inhalants 1995 – 2002

Paint (1,762), but no ED Mentions 2001, 2002

*No ED mentions 2001, 2002

+No ED mentions 2002

++No ED mentions 2001


Marijuana
Marijuana

  • delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

  • Triple a, crank, schwagg, kryptonite, spliff, hydro, LG, chiefing

  • THC concentration: 1970, <1%; 2002, >6%

    • Sensamilla rose from 6%-13%; as high as 33%

  • Signs: dizziness; trouble walking; silly and giggly; red, bloodshot eyes; impaired memory; distinctive odor on clothes, hair, skin

  • Onset/duration: 3-4 minutes/2-3 hours

  • Route: smoked, eaten


Marijuana ed mentions
Marijuana ED Mentions

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network


Marijuana ed mentions per 100 000 pop
Marijuana ED Mentionsper 100,000 pop.

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network


Dextromethorphan
Dextromethorphan

  • DXM, DM, Robo, Velvet, Rojo

  • Dosages: 100-1500 mg or 1.5 mg/kg – 30 mg/kg

  • Effects: hallucinations, dissociative effect

  • Signs: drowsiness, fatigue, dizziness, nystagmus, decreased LOC, hyperthermia, “drunk” and “stoned” appearance

  • OD: slurred speech, lethargy, sweating, weak pulses, hypotension, nausea/vomiting, CNS

  • Onset/duration: depends on route/6 hours

  • Route: Oral, inhaled

  • Often sold as or mistaken for ecstasy

  • Can cause false positive for PCP

  • 1,467 tablets seized in raid, Albany, NY



5 meo dipt
5-MeO-DiPT

  • 5-Methoxy-di-isopropyl-tryptamine

  • Foxy, Methoxy Foxy

  • Tryptamine hallucinogenic

  • Effects: euphoria, increased stimuli, increased sexual and emotional feelings

  • Signs: auditory hallucinations, visual distortion, jaw clenching, diarrhea, nausea, severe anxiety

  • Onset/duration: 20-60 mins/14 hours

  • Route: ingested, snorted


Alpha methyltryptamine
Alpha-methyltryptamine

  • AMT, IT-290

  • Hallucinogen

  • Capsule with orange, yellow, or off-white powder

  • Effects: stimulation, mood elevation, hallucinations

  • Signs: increased energy, empathy, visual patterns, nausea, vomiting, headaches, teeth clenching, blurred vision, anxiety

  • Onset/duration: 10 secs-2 hours/14 hours

  • Route: ingested, smoked

  • Long term effects unknown


Benzylpiperazine trifluromethylphenalpiperazine
Benzylpiperazine, Trifluromethylphenalpiperazine

  • BZP, legal E, Legal X, A2, often sold as ecstasy

  • Stimulant with amphetamine- and ecstasy-like properties & effects

  • Signs: tachycardia, hypertension, hyperthermia

  • Causes hallucinations, seizures, and respiratory depression at high doses

  • MSDS: dyspnea, delayed pulmonary edema, chemical burns to respiratory tract on inhalation

  • Onset/duration: depends on route/6-8 hours

  • Route: oral (tablets/pill) or smoked (freebase)

  • Labeled industrial or commercial bottles


Useful websites
Useful Websites

www.monitoringthefuture.org

www.streetdrugs.org

www.treas.gov/usss

www.dea.gov

www.drugabusestatistics.samshsa.gov

www.inhalants.org

www.drugabuse.gov

www.health.org

www.nida.nih.gov

www.clubdrugs.org

www.projectghb.org

www.stopdrugs.org

www.adhl.org

www.teenchallenge.com

www.samsha.gov

www.familyawareness.org