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What role does leadership, tactics, and terrain play in battle?. Battle of Gettysburg. July 1 – 3, 1863. Gettysburg Pre Quiz. Write down everything you know about… People Events Statistics Tactics Places Dates/Times Weapons. MILITARY SCIENCE 101. Levels of Warfare Terrain & Symbology

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battle of gettysburg

Battle of Gettysburg

July 1 – 3, 1863

gettysburg pre quiz
Gettysburg Pre Quiz
  • Write down everything you know about…
    • People
    • Events
    • Statistics
    • Tactics
    • Places
    • Dates/Times
    • Weapons
military science 101
MILITARY SCIENCE 101
  • Levels of Warfare
  • Terrain & Symbology
  • Principals of War
  • Tactics
  • Weapons
levels of warfare
Levels of Warfare
  • Strategic
  • Operational
  • Tactical

CSA: Win the South’s Independence

CSA: Gain Recognition from Great Britain & France

USA: Maintain the Union

CSA: Threaten the Washington, D.C.

USA: Get the CSA army out of the North

USA: Destroy the offensive capability of the CSA army

CSA: Destroy offensive capability of Union army

USA: Get the CSA army out of the North

USA: Destroy the offensive capability of the CSA army

military maps colors
Military Maps Colors
  • Black = Man-made objects (roads, building, etc.)
  • Brown = Elevation & Contour Lines
  • Green = Woods, Vegetation
  • Blue = Water
terrain analysis
Terrain Analysis
  • O

bservation

  • C

over & Concealment

  • O

bstacles

  • K

ey Terrain

  • A

venues of Approach

military symbology unit type

Type of unit

Size of unit

Unit Number

Military Symbology—Unit Type

xxx

1

1st Infantry Corps

  • Friendly Force = BLUE
  • Enemy Force = RED
military symbology unit type1

Type of unit

Size of unit

Unit Number

Military Symbology—Unit Type

xx

3

3rd Cavalry Division

  • Friendly Force = BLUE
  • Enemy Force = RED
unit size indicators
Unit Size Indicators

Squad l

Team/Section ll

Platoon lll

Company I

Battalion II

Regiment III

Brigade X

Division XX

Corps XXX

Army XXXX

Army Group XXXXX

principles of war
Principles of War

MOUSEMOSS

  • M

ass

  • M

aneuver

  • O

ffense

  • O

bjective

  • S

urprise

  • U

nity of Command

  • S

implicity

  • S

ecurity

  • E

conomy of Force

terms
Terms
  • Center of Gravity (Capitols)
  • Culmination
    • Point in which offense is no longer viable.
  • Offense, Defense, Maneuver
  • 3:1
  • Reserve Force
major players
Major Players
  • Buford
  • Reynolds
  • Hancock
  • Meade
  • Chamberlain
  • Sickles
  • Lee
  • Longstreet
  • Ewell
  • Stuart
  • Pickett
  • AP Hill
  • Heth
fortunes of war a k a dumb luck
Fortunes of War(a.k.a. “dumb luck”)
  • Jackson KIA Chancellorville
  • J.E.B. Stuart’s joy ride
  • Neither side had sense of size/loc
offensive maneuvers
Offensive Maneuvers
  • Frontal Attack
  • Flank Attack
  • Echelon Attack
  • Envelopment
tactics
Tactics
  • Napoleonic
    • massing of firepower
    • Formations
  • Rifled Musket
  • Rifled Cannon
  • Trench warfare (defense)
  • Pickets
  • Skirmish lines
weaponry
Weaponry
  • Rifled Musket
    • French Mini Ball
  • Rifled Cannon
    • Solid
    • Shell
    • Case
    • Canister
  • Breech Loaders
  • Cartridge Ammo
  • Gatlin Gun
day 0 chance encounter
Day 0(Chance Encounter)
  • Union Calvary looking for Lee’s Army
  • Notice some Confederate soldiers north of Gettysburg
  • Gettysburg key terrain
  • Occupies northern high ground and sends word to Meade
  • Union consolidate on high ground and wait for reinforcements
day i csa favor
Day I(CSA favor)
  • Buford (Cavalry w/breechloaders!)
  • Avoid large engagement
  • Ewell given option to continue attackdoesn’t
  • Union consolidate on high ground and wait for reinforcements
tactics exercise i
Tactics Exercise I
  • Analyze Terrain
  • Consider Weapons
  • Consider what is known about the enemy
  • Your first move?
day 2 draw
Day 2(Draw)
  • Not allowed to shift right
  • Echelon attack not synched
  • Ewell not ready until after sunset
  • Fishhook
  • High Ground
  • Little Round Top
little round top
Little Round Top
  • Chamberlain
  • 6 waves
  • 60 rnds per man
  • Union flank exposed
  • Unconventional Tactic
  • Medal of Honor Award
day 3 us
Day 3(US)
  • 7 hr slugfest (am)
  • Cannon battle (2 hrs)
    • 140 miles
  • Confederates concentrate on center
  • Pickett’s Charge
    • 12,000
    • 1 mile in the open
    • 75% casualty rate
significance
Significance
  • Gettysburg last time Confederate Army able to go on the strategic offensive (invade)Culmination point for the South.
  • No hope of foreign recognition after loss.
  • Meade allows Lee to withdraw and not pursuefighting goes on for another 2 years.
  • Provided Lincoln with a big psychological win
conclusion notecard
Conclusion(notecard)
  • It surprised me to learn…
  • How does Leadership, Tactics, and Terrain influence battles?
  • What did you like about today’s class?