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CBLO. Collateralized Borrowing and Lending Obligation. Indian Money Market. Call/ Notice/ Term Money Repo Commercial Paper Certificate of Deposit Treasury Bills CBLO. Why Money Markets?. Fixed Income Market (over 1 year) For borrowing long term For investing long term

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    Presentation Transcript
    1. CBLO Collateralized Borrowing and Lending Obligation

    2. Indian Money Market • Call/ Notice/ Term Money • Repo • Commercial Paper • Certificate of Deposit • Treasury Bills • CBLO

    3. Why Money Markets? • Fixed Income Market (over 1 year) • For borrowing long term • For investing long term • For meeting reserve requirements (eg: SLR) • For trading interest rates along the yield curve • Money Market (under 1 year) • For borrowing/ lending short term funds • Bridging liquidity mismatches(mostly intra-day) • For meeting reserve requirements (CRR & SLR)

    4. Indian Money Market • T-Bill, CP, CD • Used by Govt., Corporates, Banks, FIs for short term borrowing • Call Money, Repo, CBLO • Used by Banks, MFs, FIs, Corporates to manage short term liquidity mismatches • Predominantly over night money market • Over 90% of activity in Call, Repo & CBLO in overnight segment

    5. Overnight Money Market • Call/ Notice/ Term Money • Uncollateralized market • Participants: Banks & Primary Dealers only • Repo • Collateralized market • Participants: Banks, Primary Dealers, FIs, MFs, Corporates, insurance companies, NBFCs • CBLO • Collateralized market • Participants: Banks, Primary Dealers, FIs, MFs, Corporates, insurance companies, NBFCs

    6. Call/ Notice/ Term Money Market • Uncollateralized market • Typically overnight market • Historically, most depended market for short term funds • Earlier consisted of both banks and non-bank entities (eg: MFs, Corporates etc.) • Historically, very volatile market • Most expensive due to uncollateralized nature • Highest counterparty risk in money market • Gradual phasing out of non-bank entities • Now, participants: Banks & Primary Dealers only

    7. Repo • 100% collateralized dealing • Typically overnight market • More stable market less expensive than Call money • Collateral fussiness • Problems in collateral management • No early close out of position • No substitution of collateral

    8. What is CBLO ? • CBLO was conceived and developed by CCIL for facilitating deployment in a collateralized environment. • It is a tripartite Repo transaction involving CCIL as third party and as central counterparty to borrower and lender • CBLO is an RBI approved money market instrument which can be issued for a maximum tenor of one year. • Is an instrument backed by Gilts as Collaterals • Creates an Obligation on the borrower to repay the money borrowed along with interest on a predetermined future date; • A Right and Authority to the lender to receive money lent along with interest on a predetermined future date or has the privilege to transfer the authority to anther person • Creates a charge on the Collaterals deposited by the Borrower with CCIL for the purpose.

    9. Why CBLO? • to address the concerns of entities phased out of call money market or are subjected to borrowing/ lending restrictions • MFs, NBFCs, FIs, Corporates, Insurance Comp, Coop-Banks • to address the tenor ‘lock-in’ issues related to Repo • Buying/Selling CBLOs • to bring in better transparency • real time dissemination of quotes and dealt rates and market depth • to bring in better level playing field • access to wider member base, anonymity, guaranteed settlement • to have better price discovery in money market • pricing a function of demand & supply

    10. How does CBLO operate? • A member deposits a set of eligible securities as collateral with CCIL • Borrowing limit: based on mark-to-market value and hair-cut applicable on securities deposited • Based on borrowing limit, CBLOs are issued to a member. • CBLO is an instrument that can be bought and sold. • Borrowing/ Lending is done by selling/ buying CBLOs • A borrower sells CBLOs to raise funds; a lender buys CBLOs to deploy funds

    11. How does CBLO operate? • Trading in CBLOs is facilitated on a dealing system called CBLO • CBLO dealing system is: • an electronic dealing system • for collateralized borrowing/ lending • in an anonymous environment • On any day, CBLO instrument for the next seven business days and three month end dates are made available\ • Dealing allwed for settlement types: T+0 and T+1 • CBLO is a discounted instrument traded on Yield:Time priority

    12. Settlement • Matched deals are novated and CCIL assumes the role of central counterparty • Settlement of deals guaranteed by CCIL • Obligation of members determined through multilateral netting of trades • First, net CBLO deliverable are debited from members account, securities underlying as collateral are blocked • Second, net funds deliverable by members is received • After funds received, CBLO credited to lender’s account and funds credited to borrower’s account • Shortage handing – LOC, creation of CBLO, blocking of funds receivable, blocking of CBLO receivable

    13. Lenders in CBLO

    14. Borrowers in CBLO

    15. CBLO Daily Avg. Traded Value (Cr.)

    16. Money Market Share

    17. Money Market Rates